This area on the eastern Connecticut coast was clear cut by the early 19th century so I assume the wood is not from nearby. Perhaps upstate a little. Any idea what this wood might be? Columns appear different from the deck. Grain looks nice with water splashed on it so I hate to paint it but assume that was the way it was done in 1884.
jvdl1...someone mentioned pine. A species that doesn't have the knots some other pines do (I selected an area with a knot...most of the boards are clear). They weren't sure of the name however...Larch?
Paul, all pine woods have knots, on some trees the knots are farther apart than others, a knot shows where a branch was growing. A tree growing in a tall forest will have fewer branches than a tree growing in an open area. Slash & Loblolly heart pine & southern yellow pine were commonly used for flooring, most other pines are too soft for floors. I cannot tell by the picture which type of pine you have, all 3 are southern long needle pines,
Dixiegril...it sure has held up well (lead paint helped too I think). Got most of the paint off and I'll post a photo in a day or two (I loaned out my camera!)...very pleased that, after 125 years, there is very little that needs to be replaced.
Good luck on your reno. The hubby and I are trying to remodel our house. We are trying to do the work our selves whew! There is a lot of work involved. Keep us updated as you progress and send some pics. along and along. I love old homes they, just don't put the workmanship in them like they did back then.
Its a slow process isn't it? But they did build well. The basement amazes me. They used smaller stones below ground level but large blocks of black granite for what could be seem from the outside. They must weigh a ton each. Not a local granite either. This area of CT is known for pink granite. That would have been the obvious choice. But the owners wanted to show off I guess.
there is a good possiblity that if the house was built for a wealthy land owner of the time that it could br cypress Bald Cypress or Swamp Cypress. It is possable to look at the end grain with a 10X lens for a positive ID.
Hi. This wood is quarter-sawn heart pine. There is no such thing as 'hard' pine. Pine is a 'softwood'. It is true that old pine wood is very hard to drive a nail through, but it is still not a hardwood like oak or maple. All evergreen trees are softwood...all deciduous trees are hardwood; regardless of how hard it actually is to dent or drive a nail through. Here is some trivia for you; what is the hardest wood in North America? Give up? Not hard rock maple, not red oak...it is apple. Yes, the fruit tree.
When the settlers (white man) came to the Americas, there were virgin pine forests everywhere (virgin means no white men had violated it...yet) . Look up some of the old pics of loggers in the 1800s. Here is a good example: http://logdays.com/log/thumb.htm
"Heart" pine means that the wood was from the reddish center sappy area of the tree, not the outer yellowish area. Only long-leaf pine has a heart big enough to cut boards from. The heart never rots, bugs don't eat it, and water doesn't penetrate it. But, it burns VERY well. A long-leaf pine tree that is 5 feet in diameter will have a heart about 6" in diameter. The wood in the center of a tree has the fewest and smallest knots. And, in pine trees big enough to have a large heart area, the grain would be as straight as you have ever seen.
Heart pine is an extinct type of wood. No one is going to plant pine trees and talk their great-great-great, etc grandchildren into not cutting it for 500 years. What was cut over 100 years ago is all there is and all there is probably going to be...as long as capitalism still exists.
If you want to confirm that it is heart pine, cut a splinter about 3" long, the size of a pencil at the big end, and tapered to a point on the small end. It should smell like turpentine. Now, get away from the house and light the small end with a match or lighter. It should flame up vigorously and emit a solid black smoke. It will also crackle and 'sweat' as it burns. Careful, it is the same thing as fat lighter kindling. Fat lighter usually means it came from the root or a solid knot. Heart pine comes from the center of the tree, but the composition and flammability is the same.