My great great grandma was Native American. She started the women in my family down two tracks -- education and medicine -- career choices that persist among the women in my family to this day. It was she who passed down the Blue Cohosh information. My grandmother was the Wise Woman and midwife in a Mormon community (the only non-Morman except by marriage) during the dust bowl days. I have heard stories about the use of Blue Cohosh from my mother. As you can imagine, many of the women in these communities were under extreme pressure to reproduce when they couldn't even feed the children they already had. Blue Cohosh and other plants like it were a big secret kept among the women in those days. If the men had found out about the use of these plants, there would have been a big to do. I suspect that there are plants in every corner of the world that are used for the same purposes and may still be kept secret for the same reasons. I also wonder if some of the "witches" burned over the centuries were actually Wise Women whose secrets leaked out. What do you think?