My home is in North AL (zone 7), and I am planning to put in a fair sized garden area (10x20) with raised beds and border fence. On one fence side I want to espalier some apples, and on the other fence side train some raspberries or blackberries. There will also be an entry arbor to train vegis up. My property is surrounded by a 6 foot privacy fence, with what will eventually be two large trees on the far southern corner and far northern corner (a tulip poplar and autumn blaze maple). I know that the more sun the better for vegis, but folks around here have said that due to our high humidity and summer heat, some shade is also advised. That being said: taking tree shadows into consideration, should I plant my garden on the North end of the property which places it south of the privacy fence but puts morning shade on the garden? Or to the East side of my property which puts it on the west side of our fence with some possible morning shade off the fence and noontime shade off the tree? I attached a rough sketch of the backyard garden options and a sample pic along the lines of what I want to put in... Any suggestions??? Thanks!!!
I can't really tell you exactly where to put the garden but I can tell you two things:
1. I think shade is ok for some vegetables. I live in the hot humid climate as well and have had success with tomatoes, peppers, and green beans with a little shade. I still try to keep them watered properly. There are other vegetables that require full sun like okra and butterbeans.
2. War Eagle!
Maybe someone else can be more specific where to put the garden.
I have a large oak tree on the east side of my garden that shades most of the garden until about 10AM. On the west side of my garden, I have a storage shed (from previous owners) that provides shade on the garden starting at about 4PM. It hasn't effected anything growing in my garden yet. Watch your yard and see what shades what and for how long. You really need about 6 hours of sunlight for your garden. The other thing to consider is planting dates due to the hot temps.
If I remember correctly, Blackberries and Raspberries produce underground runners and can become invasive. I would think twice about putting these fruits in such a small garden.
Tree roots go out at least as far as the canopy. I have a large tree that sends roots into my vegetable garden and I'm always having to pull the darn things out!
Take into account that trees you plant will eventually grow large enough to give shade - plan your vegetable garden accordingly.
I would not set a large tree on the south side of your property as it will eventually shade the garden. Large trees are better planted on the North side as they will never shade the garden (unless you live in Australia) LOL