Hi, I live in Southern Spain and wish to plant Oleander to provide a colourful wind break / privacy sheild.
Can anyone please advise what the general spacing should be to ensure good cover , at the same time allowing enough room for positive growth.
Hi Allanby. Oleanders make great hedges. Since they can spread about 5 ft, I would leave 4.5 to 5 ft between each plant. That allows plenty of space for growth and should afford you the coverage you want.
Oleanders (Nerium oleander) are broadleaf evergreen shrubs that grow in an upright, rounded form. They reach a mature height of about 8 feet and spread to about 5 feet, making them a good choice for a privacy hedge. Oleander bushes are densely covered with glossy green leaves and develop fragrant white, pink or red flowers in summer. Pink varieties include "Barbara Bush," "Apple Blossom" and "Lady Kate," while reds include "General Pershing and "Scarlet Beauty." "Mary Constance" offers white blossoms. Oleanders are tolerant of dry conditions and poor soils, thrive in full sun but will also do well in light shade, and are resistant to common pests and diseases. All parts of oleandar plants are toxic and should not be ingested. Oleanders are frost-sensitive and suitable for outdoor culture in USDA hardiness zone 8 through 10.
There are dwarf forms that can stay as small as about 3-4'.
The largest varieties get a lot wider than 5', such as 10-12'.
They get roughly as high as they get wide. You can crowd them, but then they tend to need a lot of pruning, or else they get bare lower down. In the competition for light they put most of their energy into growing leaves on the top.
So spacing depends on what variety you want. Decide what size plant you ultimately want, and select one or more varieties that grow just that big. No sense in planting a 10' shrub in a 5' space!
Thanks very much for your advice and suggestions, particularly with regard to size range and " names of colours" . I will be able to now give further considered thought to the actual items I purchase and , more importantly, match my purchase to the actual plot.
Do I need to take any particular steps to prepare the ground before planting????
The soil in this area contains a high level of clay and quicly goes as hard as rock during July and August.
Any advice would be greatly appreciated .
There is a wealth of info out there, so I sorted through to give you some solid basics on oleander with a nod to your area, since from what I have read, oleander is a native to Spain. They tolerate a variety of soils and growing conditions, but it never hurts to work some compost into the soil when planting. I hope this gives you and overview you can work with. Moon
Thanks a million.
With all of this information I am certain that even I will be able to make a success of this venture into gardening.
I really am most grateful for your assistance and the time you have taken to respond.
It is good to know that there are still people ready to assist beginners like myself.
Hi Allanby...you are most welcome. We all have to start somewhere...and this site is a good choice...there are users from around the world and tons of experience. As for the oleanders...they are tough and rather forgiving plants...just remember that they are considered to be toxic so use caution when handling them. I think your area is consider hardiness zone 10 (near Malaga)? You should have no weather/environmental problems with the oleander, so it should be pretty much clear sailing with them. Best of luck to you, and do come back and post pictures when you have made your choice.
You are luck that you live in Europe. Go on ebay and you can see the beautiful cuttings that you can buy. Most of the time they are very easy to root. I always have cuttings rooting and have a nice sized oleander to give a friend. Some people even start them out from seeds too. It will take a few year to flower perhaps but worth the wait.
Allanby - It is correct info that Oleanders are native to Spain. I was in Greece a month or so ago and it is covered with Oleanders - all over. I saw the plant look like trees upto 20 ' high and loaded with flowers. Check out the stock it comes from. I have beautiful plants but they are dward and will not grow over 6'. Good luck Jamper