I am from India. I need help in germinating some Aloe CAMERONII, VANBALENII seeds. could you guide me, provide some info reg these? I tried a lot but no result even after 3 months. Seeds still hard and swollen. But want to try new seeds. Have gibbrellic acid powder too.
Nearly 400 species belong to the genus aloe, including well-known and widely cultivated varieties such as Aloe vera. All species of aloe feature succulent leaves and a roughly rosette growth habit, although they differ in size and flower composition.
As desert plants, aloes grow best in warm, dry climates, but many are hardy to U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zone 9 and will thrive in most coastal and inland areas. Most species of aloe germinate reliably from seed and will establish a healthy root system in just a few months; however, they must be kept warm and slightly dry to prevent fungal infections.
1. Combine 2 parts sand, 1 part perlite and 1 part sterile compost in a bucket. Stir the components while adding water. Add water and stir until the mixture feels moderately moist and takes on a uniform appearance
2. Pack the sand mixture into a 2-inch-deep nursery flat. Fill it to within 1/4 inch of the top. Press the surface to make it even and squeeze out any trapped air.
3. Lay out the aloe seeds 1 inch apart on the surface of the sand mixture. Push the seeds into the surface of the mixture with the flat of your hand. Cover the seeds with a very thin layer of sand.
4. Place the nursery flat on a large table or workbench where it will receive eight to 10 hours of sunlight daily. Shine a fluorescent lamp onto the nursery flat for eight to 10 hours daily if sufficient natural light is unavailable.
5. Warm the bottom of the nursery tray with a heat mat set to 70 F. Keep the heat mat turned on at all times while the seeds germinate. Drape a sheet of plastic wrap over the nursery tray to help hold in the warmth. Remove the plastic wrap for a few hours to dispel trapped moisture whenever excess condensation forms inside.
6. Mist the aloe seeds whenever the sand mixture dries out in the top 1/2 inch. Avoid letting the sand dry out completely for longer than six to eight hours, but do not saturate it either.
7. Look for sprouts in two to four weeks, depending on the species of aloe. Keep the nursery flat on the heat mat for two weeks after germination. Water by drizzling water carefully around each sprout instead of misting the seedlings with water, which can precipitate a fungal infection.
8. Transplant the aloe seedlings into individual 2-inch pots filled with the same growing mixture created in Step 1. Scoop the seedlings from the nursery flat using a spoon and transfer them into the pots. Water them with 1 tablespoon of water every three days.
Things You Will Need
2-inch-deep nursery flat
Fresh aloe seeds work a lot better. After a few months to years they don't germinate nearly as well (though of course there are exceptions). If they don't germinate right away, it's probablY not going to happen. Ideally you want to harvest the seeds right after the seed capsule cracks open, not before. The aloes you are trying to grow should not be difficult with the right seed... No special treatment required.
Sow them on sieved soil (to remove large pieces) with some fine pumice or perlite added. Water well then cover with a thin layer of sand or sieved soil (basically enough to cover them up so you can't see them). Mist then cover the pot with clear plastic, place in bright shade or indoors on an east facing windowsill, and remove the cover after they germinate (which should be in a few days if the seeds are good). No need to water or mist while the pot is covered. Any time of year is fine if you sow indoors.