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Jimsonweed, ( Datura wrightii ) * Meteloides * Native Texas plant, perennial, flowers open at night
have a beautiful scent.
For more information see the plant files click on this link: http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/355/index.html
Giant Rain Lily, Prairie Lily, Hill Country Rain Lily (Zephyranthes drummondii), Texas (mainly Central Texas), Mexico and Louisiana native, Amaryllidaceae Family, perennial, blooms heavily in late winter through early summer - 2-3 inch blooms that last several days http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/65974/index.html
Wild Strawberry (Fragaria vesca), Rosaceae Family, Texas native, perennial, blooms late Spring through mid-summer; I have to pick the strawberries before the birds and other critters beat me to them. The color of the bloom is a white - the photo was taken in early morning sunlight.
For more information see the PlantFiles: http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/1013/index.html
Blackfoot daisy (Melampodium leucanthum), Asteraceae, Texas native, perennial, blooms in mid-spring through fall
View of a bloom blowing in the hot wind; the plant is next to a sidewalk and street and the temperature was 115 degrees in this area at time the photo was taken in a drought period; this is one tough plant.
Southern Swamp Lily, American Crinum (Crinum americanum), Amaryllidaceae Family, Texas native, perennial, blooms late spring through summer
Even though it looks like it might be a lily, it is not a true lily because the flower parts are attached above the ovary rather than below, as in a true lily. It spreads by underground stolons and self-seeds. It is found along streambanks and in marshes. It grows in full sun to shade, but blooms better in full sun. It makes a great bog plant.
Woolly-White, Woolly White, Old Plainsman, Wild Cauiliflower (Hymenopappus scabiosaeus), Asteraceae Family, Texas native, biennial, blooms in early spring through mid-summer
It is considered an invasive weed by some. It is often found in dry, sandy soils, on rocky hillsides, prairies, roadsides and close to limestone outcrops. The flowerhead is composed of white to creamy white disk flowers and small white petal-like bracts and is about 1/2 inch in diameter. Many flowerheads form a cluster. There are many clusters on each plant. The leaves tend to form a basal rosette and some leaves alternate along the stem which is ribbed. The blooms attract butterflies and bees.
( Native ) False Ragweed, Parthenium hysterophorus. Sunflower family.
Annual up to 3 feet tall, blooms June- October. Beautiful leaves with tiny white flowers. This plant was given to me by one our members Mitch,75154, I like very much and I am not allergic to it. Small plant shows the leaves.
See the plant files http://davesgarden.com/pf/image.php
Some references to this plant state that it is endemic to Texas being found mostly in the Central and Edwards Plateau regions; however, other references state that it is endemic to Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Texas. It is usually found on prairies in a sunny site. But, it inhabits woods also. It prefers rocky, sandy soil. Known also as Bexar marbleseed after being found in a riparian woodland along Acequia de It is Espada in Bexar County, Texas (of which San Antonio, Texas is located):hence its genus name "bejariense":Bexar = Bajer in Spanish).
( Naturalized ) Yarrow, Milfoil, ( Achillea millefolium ) This lovely plant is native to Europe, but is now naturalized throughout North America. Perennial, it blooms
April- June. See plant files http://davesgarden.com/pf/showimage/60178/
( Native ) Bull Nettle, ( Cnidoscolus texanus ) Spurge family, bloom period
March- September, perennial plant covered with stinging hairs,which in contact with the sking can produce a very painful irritation. The flowers are beautiful and have a lovely scent. The seeds are edible.
See plant files, http://davesgarden.com/pf/showimage/74905/
( Naturalized ) Ox-eye Daisy, ( Chrysanthemum leucanthemum ) This daisy is rare in Texas and is found only in the northeast corner of the state. Perennial up to three feet tall, bloom period May-October.
See plant files, http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/1903/index.html
(Native ) Frostweed, ( Verbesina virginica) Sunflower family, perennial 3 to 7 feet tall.
Bloom period August to November. Lush lovely looking plant, that will tolerate shade.
After a hard freeze the stems will burst and form ice in very intersting patterns.
One tall plant on the wildflower slope in full sun.
See plant files http://davesgarden.com/pf/showimage/62556/
With a very high heat tolerance and very low water requirement, it is an excellent xeriscape plant - great for rock gardens. It starts out as a very small inconspicuos plant, then beomes very bushy, 6-18 inches tall and 1-2 feet in diameter (it makes a mound) depending upon the growing conditions. The 1 inch blooms which appear prolifically are white with yellow centers and resemble an aster. The foliage is a silver-green or a greyish-green. Because the blooms close at night and then take a while to open in the morning, its commomly called a "lazy daisy" and/or "doze daisy".
Snow-On-the-Mountain, Euphorbia marginata, Euphorbiaceae Family, Texas native, annual
One to three feet high. Plant usually starts as a single tall stem dividing toward the top. Leaves are large, oval and a strong grayish-blue green with entire margins. Toward the inflorescence the leaves get narrower and have a white margin. The white margins get broader as they near the top. Snow-On-the-Mountains differ from Snow-On-the-Prairie in that the leaves of the latter are narrower.
At the top of the plant are what appear to be 5-petaled "flowers." These are not flowers, but involucral cups that contain the real flowers. The milky white sap that can irritate the skin in humans is also toxic to livestock. It is seldom fatal to them, but it causes mouth and gastrointestinal irritations that lead to severe weight loss and may take months to recover.
Note: Texas Wildflowers by Campbell and Miller, pg 97, describe Snow-On-the-Prairie, use the correct scientific name, but call it Snow-On-the-Mountain.
For more information, see the PlantFiles http://davesgarden.com/pf/showimage/8109/
White Flowered Bush Zinnia (Zinnia acerosa), Asteraceae Family, Texas native, perennial, subshrub/shrub, evergreen, blloms late spring to early fall
Cross-referenced in the Texas Native Plant Pictures ( Shrubs ) thread
The white flowered bush zinnia is also known as desert zinnia, spinyleaf zinnia, dwarf zinnia, wild zinnia and white zinnia. It is deer resistant. In Texas, it can be found in the Trans-Pecos, Southwest Rio Grand Plains and into the Valley regions. Soil pH should be acidic with a pH above 6.8. It has slender woolly stems and needle-like, 1/2" long, narrow, stiff, grayish-green leaves that have sharp tips. The number of bloom petals varies.
It grows 10 to 12 inches tall and to 2 feet in diameter which makes it a great groundcover. Requiring minimum care, the desert zinnia is useful in harsh arid environments. It is very drought tolerant and will survive with no supplemental water, but wll look a bit ragged and has fewer blooms. It will need a little water to grow to its optimum beauty and produce blooms prolifically. An occasional watering with a hose will suffice if it hasn't rained in a while. Soils must be well-drained soils. Itt makes a great xeriscape, rock garden or wildscape plant.
Mexican Devil-Weed, Spiny Aster (Chloracantha spinosa; previously Aster spinosus), Asteraceae Family, Texas native, perennial, blooms from April through November (more so in late summer and fall), evergreen stems, may be invasive
Mexican devil-weed (Aster spinosus) is a native much branched perennial that is almost leafless. It is occassionally spiny along its stems. It can form hedge-like thickets along the banks of irrigation ditches, bottomlands, in alkaline valley soils and in moist saline soil along river bottoms, pastures, and low places, It also is found growing with cultivated crops, including soybean, cotton, alfalfa and small grain. It blooms from April to October, but primarily in late summer and fall. Propaqgation is by seeds and by widespreading creeping rhizomes. Although it is found in moist soil areas, it also can be found in dry areas. However, it is not as prolific.
Pasture heliotrope (Heliotropium tenellum), Boraginaceae Family, Texas native, annual, blooms spring through early fall
Pasture heliotrope (Heliotropium tenellum) also is commonly known as slender heliotrope and is a native plant. It inhabits dry areas both wooded and open, limestone glades and rocky prairiies. It can reach 40cm (16inches) in height, but it is usually smaller and has many branched narrow stems. It has a taproot as well as some spreading roots. Because the 5-6mm wide blooms are so tiny, it often goes unnoticed.
Frostweed, have you or anyone else done the Datura Metel "Belle Blanche"? I have some seedlings started but not sure if I want to plant them. Think they are worth the space? Package says 3 feet tall. jackie
Hello, I have only done the plain datura or Jimsonweed. Last year someone gave me the double white, and I bought a litttle plat of the double purple, which turned out to be beautiful.
You could try some od the Belle and see whow you like them, I think all plants deserve a chance, so go ahead and try them.
Wild Strawberry, Virginia Strawberry, Scarlet Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana), Rosaceae Family, Texas native, perennial, blooms late Spring through mid-summer.
Virginia strawberry or wild strawberry is a groundcover that emerges from a fibrous, perennial root system. The leaf petioles, which can be up to 6 inches long, each bear a single trifoliate deep green serrated leaf. The leaflets are roundish to oblong. The flower stalk has a loose cluster of small, five-petaled flowers which are followed by very sweet wild strawberries. The wild strawberries are much smaller than "store bought" ones, 90 per cent of which are hybrids developed from this native species and a South American strawberry. The other 10 percent of cultivated starwberries have Coastal Strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis) as the source parent. Virginia strawberry can be distinguished from the Woodland Strawberry (F. vesca) whose sepals point backwards away from the fruit and whose leaves are a lighter green.. The Virginia strawberry (F. virginiana) reproduces itself by seeds and by runners. The Woodland Strawberry (F. vesca) does not produce runners. It is found in fields open slopes and woodland edges. It can grow in a variety of soils, but likes sandy soils best (very acidic to slightly alkaline). If you want more fruit, pinch off the runners. The leaves may be steeped in boiling water to make tea. Like the fruits, the leaves are high in vitamin C. The plants need watered every 2 weeks if experiencing a drought. Virginia Strawberry can withstand frosts and is evergreen in my Zone 8b. It does well as a cultivated groundcover given dappled sun, full sun or morniing sun. Fruit production is best when the plants are given full sun. It may be container grown.
Barbara's Buttons, Marshallia caespitosa, is a perennial wildflower of Texas and some other states. Marshallia caespitosa is the botanical name of this cold-hardy plant, which forms a rosette over the winter. It has round white flower heads and blooms every Spring, growing to heights up to 18 inches at that time.
Finally decided to grace me with a few blooms. I figure this is a good shot of the foliage. I need to move this back into a clay pot--for some reason I planted it on the east side of the house. Many bulbs just do better in clay pots for me if I don't have the perfect conditions for them..
Yerba Mansa, Swamproot, Lizard Tail (Anemopsis californica), Saururaceae Family, native, perennial, blooms March through September, bog or wetlands plant
Cross-referenced at Texas Native Plant Pictures ( Aquatic & Bog )
This perennial herb's blooms start out white and then develop reddish pink spots as it matures. The leaves are large, waxy, dull gray-green that lay flat and form mats. They have great veining. It is commonly called "lizard tail" because of the long runners that it produces in the spring. It can be found in marshes, creeksides, and other highly moist areas.
An infusion made from the aromatic roots is used by native Americans of the southwest as a general pain reliever and a treatment for colds, stomach ulcers, and chest congestion.
I know I'm chimin(g) in late here but I just recently became a subscribing member. It's getting close to the meet in Arlington too, and Sheila just told me about it last week.. so not much time for me to prepare, but I still hope to come.
I am so glad someone initiated a Texas Native Plants Catagory, as i have a few years of pics I have gathered from all over, and of course in my own garden. A few I still haven't identified, but learning about them is important before you plant in your own yard, so i love to learn this way. Such as, does it have a fruit? Can ya eat it? Does it have a fragrance? Will it attract a welcome or unwelcome guest? ..and so on.
After perusing each section I will see if any of the ones I have are already listed and has an available photo. If it is/does. I may or may not post what I have.
Great job y'all! This should make an excellent & fun reference point for us Texas Gardeners..! Native plants are amazing ! A big TexasThankU to everyone contributing here so far!! Nice work!!
This one is > Sweet Alyssum Lobularia maritima (Brassicaceae)
I planted some seeds in Spring that have made an awesome border around a candleush, and they do smell sweet, and definatly have staying power.
Metz's Wild Petunia, Wild White Petunia (Ruellia metziae), Acanthaceae Family, native, endemic to Texas, perennial, blooms early summer through fall
Metz's Wild Petunia can be found in growing in gravel, limestone outcrops, thickets, fields, prairies and open woods from the Lampasas Plain south and southwest to central Texas and the Edwards Plateau. It loves the heat and can withstand droughts. The fragrant blooms are about 1 to 1.5 inches across and are smaller than the purple or lavendar wild petunias; however, they really show up well due to their pure white color. The plant serves as a butterfly nectar source as well as butterfly larval host It is also highly deer resistant.
I love these posts! This is such excellent information.
I'm trying to decide what to bring for covered dish, and also working to care for the plants I'm bringing. I might call you tomorrow to scope out some possibilities on the dish if that's alright..
American Black Nightshade, Common Nightshade, White Nightshade (Solanum americanum: now is known as Solanum ptychanthum) Solanaceae Family, native, annual or short-lived perennial, blooms early summer through fall (warm areas with no freezes - all year), flower color white or light purple (lavender), some consider it a noxious weed, poisonous
The leaves are alternate and may reach 10cm (4inches) in length and 5 cm (2inches) in width. They areovate or somewhat triangular and entire or irregularly toothed with wavy margins. The stem may be smooth or most of the stem may have have small hairs which are visable under magnification. The 5-petaled, 3/8 inch in diameter flowers have a yellow beak of stamens which droop downward. Sometimes the petals are reflexed.. It has round black fruit ( 5 -10 mm in diameter) that look like black cherry tomatoes and they contain numerous small seeds. All parts of this plant are poisonous. It is thought that the berries lose their toxicity when fully ripe and that wildlife eat them; but, other sources state that when mature they should be considered poisonous as they may contain high levels of solanine. I don't think that I will be eating any. :o)
It occurs natively in woodland edges and openings, beaches, sand dunes, stream and river flood plains, fence rows, chaparrals. Growing in various soil types, it usually can be found in disturbed, abandoned or cultivated areas.
Can be found in 6 counties in the Texas Panhandle region as well as many other counties spread across the state as shown here: http://plants.usda.gov/java/county?state_name=Texas&statefips=48&symbol=SOPT7
Whoa, that's an intriguing plant! I'm not familiar with it and couldn't find anything in the wildflower book that has wildflowers by color. Unless maybe it's a wild buckwheat?...and I don't know what they look like real close-up. Anybody seen those?
Heath Aster, White Aster, Squarrose White Aster, White Wreath Aster, White Prairie Aster, Tufted White Prairie Aster (Symphyotrichum ericoides), Asteraceae Family, native, perennial, flowers late August through November
It is a common somewhat sprawling white aster of dry prairies and other open places. This grayish bushy plant growis 1 to 2 feet tall, and can often be found growing in patches. The leaves are narrow, alternate, small and pointed. They are leaves are less than 3 inches long and ¼ inch wide. The heath aster appears insignificant until it blooms. The daisy-like flowerheads are about ½ inch wide and appear in dense, frequently one-sided (that is on one side of the stem) clusters. The flowers can have up to 20 white (sometimes pale pink), petal-like rays which surround a small yellow disk which turns to reddish brown to purple with age.
Texas Milkweed or White Milkweed, Asclepias texana.
Native, endemic to Texas, it is a perennial milkweed. An attractive plant with clusters of white flowers, mainly found in the Edwards Plateau and in some areas of West Texas. About 6 to 18 inches tall, it grows in caliche outcrops, hillsides and grassy fields among live oaks or near creeks. It normally blooms from late spring to mid-fall. Today one still has a few blooms even after we've had some nighttime lows down into the 20's. A very rare occurrence and quite amazing! This plant deserves to be preserved and propagated.
CSinTexas, your unidentified plant is probably in the Polypogonaceae Femily due to its bloom characteristics and may be a type of buckwheat. The one that closely resembles it is Heartsepal Buckwheat, Heartsepal Wild Buckwheat, Many Flowered Wild Buckwheat (Eriogonum multiflorum) which is an annual or biennial which blooms in the summer and fall. I have been unable to find a good photo of its foliage.
Ten-petal nemone can be found growing natively on open grasslands, pastures, prairies, hillsides, openings and edges of woodlands and granite outcrops. It grows in well-drained sandy, calcareous or limestone soils of the South Texas Plains and the Edwards Plateau Regions. It is an is an upright perennial that attains a height of between 4 and 16 inches when flowering. The usually white (may be pink, blue or violet), 1 3/4 " in diameter flower head has no petals. The 10-20 sepals are petal-like. The leaves are divided into three shallowly toothed leaflets. The leaves are occasionally eaten by white-tailed deer. Ten-petal anemone is often confused with Carolina anemone (Anemone caroliniana). Some facts that may assist with distinguishing between the two follow:
Ten-petal anemone has a stem that is hairy along its entire lenght unlike Carolina anemone that is hairy to the leaves but not below them.
Ten-petal anemone has a whorl of leaves halfway up stem unlike Carolina anemone that has a whorl of leaves right below the bloom but not half way up the stem.
Ten-petal anemone has a tuber with no stolons unlike Carolina anemone that has a bulb-like tuber and has stolons or rhizomes present.
Caution: All parts of this plant are toxic when fresh (only if eaten in large amounts). Contact with fresh sap may cause inflammation and blistering.
This cone-like structure elongates after pollination (sometimes before the sepals have fallen). The seeds are produced here and then dispersed usually by winds after they have dried (hence, the common name, "windflower".
Josephine, thank you for your comments. Some of the plants I have found are not easily identified. Some have taken me a year or more and many, many hours of research to determine their exact identity. I hope that the information I post is useful to others so that they save time when attempting to identify a plant. I was thinking last night that maybe people would rather just see the photos and I could add them more quickly if I didn't include the details.
By the way, many of the first photos that I added to the PlantFiles were taken with a not so good camera. I lost many of them when my computer crashed. To add them here, I had to copy them from the PlantFiles to my computer. When I did this, they came out distorted for some reason. I gave up trying to figure out why. None of the photos that have reds and some colors of yellow upload accurately which I haven't determined why either. If anyone can help me determine what the problem is, please let me know.
Hazel, the details are very important because they expand on what you see in the picture and give you information that you wouldn't have otherwise.
I am sorry that the pictures are not copying right for you, I will ask my husband and see if he has any ideas.
Thanks, Josephine. One day I am going to buy a better Texas wildflower reference book which will help me make identifications. The ones I have are small field guides which only include the most frequently found wildflowers.
Josephine has documented so much on a database or something of the sort. Her husband, Frank, is doing that and he carries his laptop around w/him like teenagers carry their cell phones. LOL They have so much info. Wish Josephine would write a book.
Thank you Ann, you are so sweet to say that, but I really am not a writer, what we did is gather a lot of the information already out there and put it together, but if you go to the search by name box and type in Htop, you will see a lot of Hazel's pictures that she has graciously let us use to adorn the site.
This is the link in case you want to check it out; http://www.npot.org/
Ann, Josephine's database has been invaluable to me as I try to identify plants. I use it all of the time to narrow down my searches. She and her husband have done a fabulous job.
Josephine, I really like that I am able to search for my photos on the database. Sometimes I forget the names of some of the plants I have photographed and this feature will assist me with finding some of them.
A very, very close view of achenes bursting forth from their chambers - They are held in the "thimble" by the green structures as well as a clear, shiny membrane (but my eyes could be deceiving me). The elliptical, flat, curve-beaked , 2.7-3.5 × 2.2-2.5 mm seeds themselves are not shiny (being covered in fine hairs).
For identification purposes:
Note: Anemone edwardsiana var. petraea is endemic and found on the Edwards Plateau. Its 0.5-1 mm flat achenes are varnished, glabrous (no hairs) and have a straight beak..
Note: Anemone edwardsiana var. edwardsiana 0.5-1 mm achenes are woolly with a tuft of hair at the base (do not have a plume of hairs) and have a straight beak.
Texas Prickly Poppy, Texas Pricklypoppy, Hill Prickly Poppy (Argemone aurantiaca), endemic Texas native, Papaveraceae Family, annual/biennial, blooms spring through summer, considered a weed by many
Texas prickly poppy is found natively growing in fields, pastures, on hills and other disturbed sites as well as in transition zones between lowlands and plateau areas in various parts of central Texas. In particilar, it is frequently found in these counties: Bandera, Bell, Bexar, Blanco, Brown, Comal, Gillespie, Hays, Kerr, Maverick, McLennan, Menard, Mitchell, Schleicher, Taylor, Travis and Uvalde. I could not find very much information about this plant. It is similar in appearance to Argemone albiflora ssp. texana. They differ in the amount of thorns that are present on the plant. The main diffrence is the shape of their seed capsules and their bloom buds. Argemone aurantiaca's bloom buds are oblong. Argemone albiflora ssp. texana bloom buds are subglobose (not quite having the shape of a sphere or ball or nearly orbicular in shape) to broadly ellipsoid (the shape of a compressed or somewhat flattened sphere). In other words, Argemone albiflora ssp. texana's are somewhat "squatter" than Argemone aurantiaca's. The seeds are held in capsules which, when dried, have holes in the top from which the seeds pour out like salt shaker (as do other poppy family species).
Rock Lettuce, White Dandelion, White Rock-lettuce, Pink Dandelion (Pinaropappus roseus), Asteraceae Family, Texas native, perennial, blooms March through August
Rock lettuce is an upright plant that attains a height of between six and eighteen inches. It natively grows in dry gravelly or calcareous soils on hillsides, rock ledges, gravel deposits and rock outcrops and the edges of thickets, gravelly creekbeds and woodlands. The alternate 2 to 4 inch long leaves are very narrow and lobed. They are crowded at the base and farther up, are very narrow and shallowly lobed or entire. The stem may have no upper leaves. The beautiful blooms are between 1 and 2 inches across and have no disk flowers. The upper side of blooms are yellowish to white and the underside may be pink to dark rose-lavendar. Interestingly, the bloom starts out rolled lengthwise and forms a narrow tube which slowly expands and flattens as the bloom opens.
Southern pepperwort, southern pepperweed, southern peppergrass (Lepidium austrinum), Brassicaceae Family, native, annual.biennial, blooms from February through May
The southern pepperwort (Lepidium austrinum) is also known as southern pepperweed and southern peppergrass. An erect plant which attains a mature height of about twenty inches, it grows in loamy or sandy soils of the South Texas Plains and Edwards Plateau Regions. The stem is hairy and the leaves are toothed. They vary in size as they go up the stem. The basal leaves reach a length of 3 1/2 inches and upper leaves reach about 3/4 of an inch. It produces small white flowers from February to May and is considered a cool weather plant.
Peppergrass, pennycress (Lepidium montanum) Brassica (cabbage) family, (formerly Cruciferae)
It has many spreading branches with round clusters of white flowers at the end of the stems. With the long narrow leaves swaying in the breeze give a delicate lacy effect. The pods are flat.
Central and West Texas. March-June. Annual.
Ladino Clover, White Clover, White Dutch Clover (Trifolium repens), Papilionaceae Family, introduced, perennial, blooms April through September
This plant roots at the nodes and can form large mats up to 2m in diameter. It is found in the Pineywoods, Gulf Prairies and Marshes, Post Oak Savannahs, Blackland Prairies, Cross Timbers and Prairies, South Texas Plains and Edwards Plateau Regions. White clover grows in crops, turfgrass and landscapes in a wide range of environments. White clover can tolerate close mowing. It can grow on many different types and pHs of soil. Its foliage appears in 3 leaflet groups. The leaflets are ovate to orbicular with striate veins and have inverted splotches. The corolla is whitish and fades to tan or pink. It is purposefully planted together with grasses to enrich pastures for cattle, horses, sheep, or goats as well as cultivated in poor soil during crop rotations. Clovers assist with setting nitrogen; therefore a season of clover dominance will improve commerical crops for years into the future.
Allium canadense var. fraseri
This Texas native allium has a clear white bloom starting in April. It prefers a drier, well drained location in my garden and can be easily tucked around other perennials or annuals. Bloom height is 18" and this is really a "no-care" plant! This one is definitely not invasive either.
htop, yes, there is only the one spike of tiny flowers on the plant.
And yes, Josephine, the stem and leaves do look like that of a tiny asiatic lily. A few minutes ago, I went outside and there are a couple of new ones in bloom this afternoon. They are only about 10 inches high.
I have been researching your plant for quite sometime. I keep staring at it thinking that I know what it is and it'll just jump out of my mind. I too had been thinking that the leaf arrangement sort of looks like my asiatic lillies. I'll keep digging around to see if I can find it. Do you live in a hilly area of Austin?
We live in Lakeway, just west of Austin, overlooking Lake Travis. This plant is growing in a vacant lot that has been a dumping ground for rocks, concrete and gravel from the other houses built in this area. On top of the limestone is caliche and very little else. Last year, in an attempt to make it look a little better, I spread about a pound and a half of wild flower seeds on it from the Wild Seed Farm in Fredricksburg. However, I only purchased red poppies, bluebonnets, and larkspur. The rest, I am assuming, are natives.
I had thought that the bloom looks like a milk wort, but I couldn't tell by the photos I had found. I tink that I had dismissed it being Polygala alba because I think that the leaves are different. Still loolking ...
Well, that was what I was thinking also. It looked kind of like Polygala alba, except for the leaves in the other picture. Is it possible that those leaves weren't on that plant, maybe it just looked like it was? Anyway, I have those blooming now, but the leaves are so linear and wispy-looking, you know.
Heller's Plantain (Plantago helleri), Plantaginaceae Family, native. annual. blooms April through June
Heller's plantain (Plantago helleri) is a plant that is native to central and southwestern Texas and is typically found growing in sandy, limestoney or gravelly soil. The ones I observed ae growing in almost pure limestone. I think it grows from a winter rossette; however, I am not sure about this. It reaches a height of about 8 to10 inches. The fuzzy leaves are more linear and thinner than some other species of plantain. It blooms from April through June. The flower spike is about 3 to 4 inches long and is on a thick fuzzy spathe. There are many bloom spikes arising from the base of the plant that has a taproot. The bloom petals are whitish and translucent. They turn a brownish-tan color as the blooms age. The blooms are followed by capsules which usually contain 2 seeds. It is a host plant for the common buckeye (Junonia coenia). I could find little information about it on the internet or in my native plant books.
A view of the plant taken from a low angle ... most of this plant's flower spikes are aging to a brownish-tan. The spikes to the left and at the base of the plant are fresher and show the whitish translucent "petals".
Redseed Plantain (Plantago rhodosperma), Plantaginaceae Family, native, annual, blooms April through July
Redseed plantain is between 3 and 12 inches tall and has a taproot. Its leaves are arranged basally in a rosette. The hairy, 4 to 27 cm long, 1 to 4.7 cm wide leaves are elliptic to oblanceolate with entire or remotely dentate (have a few widely spaced teeth). They have parallel venation. Long, thin, hairy, hollow flower spathes circle the leaves. Long bloom spikes appear at the end of the spathes. The bloom corolla is lobed with each lobe being 2 to 4 mm long. They are usually erect and cleistogamous (folded together); however, they are sometimes chasmogamous (spreading). The blooms are followed by seed capsules that contain two reddish, 1.5 to 3 mm long seeds. This is another plant that I could not find much information about.
Growth habit - notice how the spathes grow horozontally from the base of the plant and then curve upwards. The spathes eventually are in a circle around the plant's base. This is one of its distinguishing characteristics.
Hi, maybe I should post this in the id forum but know you guys here are the authorities on native plants. Found this flower on the roadside next to the San Bernard River which is near Brazoria, TX. It is a beautiful little flower! There were only about 15 flowers in the cluster and each flower seems to me to be very unusual. It has a tier of three seed heads absolutely vertical, and the top seed head has a tiny spot of pink on it. I did check the white native plants and don't think it's there but don't know for sure. I imagine Frostweed would be particularly interested. Please let me know if you have any ideas and whether or not it should be posted in the id forum.
Flowerette!! this is so exciting!! I believe what you have is
Monarda punctuta ssp. inmaculata, a Texas endemic plant that is shown to grow in only two counties, so you do have a very unusual plant indeed.
I could not find picture of it, but click on this link for the counties where it has been reported to grow. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MOPUI2
Please try to preserve it where it grows.
debnes_dfw_tx, Thanks for the link. It may be in the same mint family, but if you can see the saw-toothed edges of the leaf in my second picture whereas your picture indicates a smooth edge to its leaf. Maybe we are getting very close. Very interesting!
Frostweed, I am studying your link as well. Geez, wish I had some control over this plant, but it was growing on the opposite side of the street from where my son just finished building his house. There are no buildings where the plant was growing, so hopefully it will survive and return next year. That was a few days ago when I spotted it, so it may be bloomed out by the time I get back down there, but I'll definitely take another look. Who knows -- maybe more will be blooming. Oh, don't hit me -- I did pinch off that tiny flowerhead, and I still have it! I know that's a no-no, but I had never-ever seen anything like it. They were approx. 10 inches, maybe less in height.
flowerette~ If that is a crime, I am just as guilty. I really don't know what the rules are on picking wildflowers...or that it would be against them to pick something from a place that might soon be treated with herbacides and covered with turf instead.. Doesn't seem wrong to me. When I get a specimin, I usually like to take the whole root with it. So many of the wildflowers do not take well to transplanting. I am really most interrested in preserving and conserving in my heart of hearts.
Monarda is a paticular favorite of mine. I am not deeply familiar with all the different species of it, just an ardent admirer. The bloom clusters resemble elaborate crowns to me, such an elegant flower. I believe it is attractive to many winged creatures also, which is my main passion. I study them for food value for native benificial insect life, mainly butterflies. Of course what follows that is many species of native birds.. and so on, lol!
If they haul you in, they will have to come get me too, haha!
I am a winged creature hugger as well -- any and all of them -- birds, butterflies, moths, and other insects have a place in my heart, and I mean all of them, well, with the exception of fire ants. As I tell DH, all animals have a right-to-life. Trying to get that over to a hunter doesn't carry much weight :) and, of course, not to forget my very long love of plants. Wouldn't it be neat if this flowerhead actually dried and produced seed! We shall see.
It would be more than neat...it would be a miracle. The best way is to keep watch of the patch you found those in, and when they turn brown you may be able collect the dried seeds from it. According to the specs on propagation that is the way to collect fertile seeds. Maybe the reason for laws about wildflowers, cutting them before they are dead and brown, directly causes displacement from their natural habitat and extinction.
American Wild Carrot, Rattlesnake Weed, Southwestern Carrot (Daucus pusillus), Apiaceae Family, native, annual/biennial, blooms March or April through June/July, considered a noxious weed by many (very hard to get up due to long roots)
American wild carrot, rattlesnake weed, southwestern carrot can be found growing in the South Texas Plains and the Edwards Plateau regions on barrens, meadows, plains, dry hills, roadsides, streambanks and waste areas. It is not picky about soil types. Simple to few-branched and erect, it grows 2 to 3 feet tall and its roots have a characteristic carrot odor. The fern-like and lacy leaves are alternate, pinnate and compound. The stems are retrorsely-hispid (covered in rigid or bristly hairs that are directed back or downwards). The leaves are eaten by white-tailed deer.
The flat to cupped, 1 1/4 to 2 inch wide flowerhead is composed of several tiny, white, 5-petalled, 5-staminated flowers gathered in a compound umbel. They do not have a red or purplish central flower that is characteristic of Queen Ann's lace (Daucus carota). The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and is self-fertile; however, they are pollinated by beetles and flies as well. The flowers are subtended by sturdy, lacy bracts (modified leaves) which support them (and later the fruit). The bracts may be longer than the flower cluster is wide. The flowers are not long lasting and begin turning into fruit quite quickly. The oblong fruit (seed pods) each have two rows of stiff bristles.
The root is edible either raw or cooked (see caution below). The plant is thought to be an antipruritic and blood purifier. It has been used to treat colds, itches and fevers. It obtained the commomn name "rattle snake weed" because a poultice of the chewed plant has been used to treat to snakebites. Recent studies have indicated that it may be a cancer preventative
If the sap contacts the skin of some people, dermatitis and/or photo-sensitivity can occur. The taproot and the leaves are easily confused with poison hemlock (conium maculatum which is one of the most deadly poisonous wild flowering plants. I would be very careful about eating wild carrot as food.
The flower cluster is composed of several tiny white flowers gathered in a small, compact, 1.25 inch, compound umbel. There is no red or purple central flower as is present in Queen Ann's lace (Daucus carota).
Prairie Larkspur, Pine woods Larkspur, Blue Larkspur, Gulf Coast Larkspur (Delphinium carolinianum subsp. vimineum), Ranunculaceae Family, native, perennial, blooms in April and May
This 1 to 3 foot tall larkspur is an upright, hairy plant that has deep roots. It can be found growing in sandy or clay soils, on coastal prairies and grassy plains, and in pine woods and open woods. The very slender stem is usually unbranched. The leaf blade is distinctly 3-parted and repeatedly divided into narrow segments. They are along the stem or clustered at the base of the plant. It forms a winter rosette. The flowers are borne on a slender raceme that is held a considerable distance above the foliage. The blooms are various shades of blue (sometimes very light bluish-lavender) to white. Its name is derived from the fact that the bloom spur resembles that of a lark. Its Spanish common name, espuela del caballero, is derived from its spur resembling that of a horseman's spur. The Kiowa called larkspur "ton a" which means "gourd seed". This refers to the plants small seeds being used in ceremonial gourd rattles.
Delphinium carolinianum subsp. vimineum hybridizes with D . madrense especially on southern edge of Edwards Plateau in Texas.
This is Daucosma, Daucosma laciniatum, a native plant in the parsley family. It grows in locations in the southern areas of the Texas Hill Country. It can be seen blooming now along soggy roadsides and flooding creeks in those areas. It's a host plant for the Black Swallowtail butterfly.
Wow Linda, that is really pretty, I have never seen it growing around here, but the book Flora of North Central Texas says that it grows around this area, it is an annual and it is Endemic to Texas, so it is a very special plant indeed.
Thank you for showing it to us.
Josephine, I've been meaning to say "Thanks" for sharing the photo of the Monarda punctata. Because of that photo, I rescued a smallish plant from a soon-to-be developed plot of land near my local Starbucks. I planted it in my flowerbed and it's growing very nicely. If I hadn't spotted your picture, I would have thought the plant was a clover and would have left it where it was. It's nice to know I have a native (and free!) Bee Balm for the bees and butterflies to enjoy. All because of your picture. :-)
Indian Mallow, Shrubby Indian Mallow, Hoary Abutilon, Pelotazo, Pelotazo Chico, Tronadora (Abutilon incanum), Malvaceae, native, perennial, evergreen, considered a subshrub, blooms throught the year (but, principally Oct-Nov), considered a weed by many
I find it listed as a native Texas plant ; however, the USDA Plants Database does not list it as such. It can be found in dry, rocky open woodlands and prairies from the Edwards Plateau to West Texas.
Shrubby Indian Mallow grows to be up to 40 inches (1 m) tall (rarely taller). The 5-petalled, up to 3/4 inch (1.9 cm) wide flowers (petals may be pink, white, or yellow) each have a dark red basal spot with reddish veins extending from it. The heart-shaped, grayish appearing, velvety leaves are petioled, and somewhat elongated. The velvety foliage (covered in fine stellate hairs) provides interesting texture in a xeric garden. They have sharp or rounded toothed margins. The brown seed capsules have 5 mericarps which helps distinguish it from other species. Each mericarp has 3 seeds which are about 1.8 to 2 mm long To encourage bushy new spring growth, cut it back in the spring. Indian mallow is a larval host plant and a nectar source for several butterfly species including the Texas Powdered Skipper and Common Streaky-Skipper.
There are 2 subspecies:
Abutilon incanum ssp. incanum ( pelotazo)
Abutilon incanum ssp. pringlei (Pringle abutilon, Pringle's abutilon)
I was hoping that I would spot the white flower here that I took it's picture last week while at the Iris convention. I bought two different books on wildflowers native to Texas and for the live of me can not find it...
It is clustered with some stickers on the cluster and the stem. I thought it might be a nettles family member but can not find it anywhere.
The largest picture is blurred but the blooms are not.
No that one was super easy but going to try to get the pictures from the laptop tonight and post it, as it is driving me crazy when I can not pick a family, still think it might be of same family as any nettles.
This is a native Texas bulb--Allium canadense var fraseri which I think holds a lot of actual garden potential for all of Texas and all of the southern US as well. This one is definitely not the very common, weedy, bulbil-spitting, invasive seed-spitting, common form of this species which can be seen here: http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showimage/35774/
What's nice about it is its delicate, does not form bulbils or spit seeds and when it melts down, it disappears all at once. I think it would look good nestled in around short scutellaria's such as the native S resinosa or other pink or blue small flowered, short, spring annuals or perennials. My kid used to be into what I loosely call "yard art" when she was younger--now I just use them to mark some bulbs I don't want to accidentally disturb later in the year. Height of the foliage stays about 5", bloom scapes at about 10-12". They are not at their peak yet, but you can see a good close-up shot here and above on this thread: http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showimage/149155/
Another, more impressive native TX allium is sending up buds now too--but I'll show you that one when its actually blooming. Both of them should work anywhere in the state of Texas--wet or dry--north or south--and in my opinion, should be used everywhere in the southern US. I'm proud of our native Texas bulbs!
OK finally am getting this sticky white flower posted and hope someone knows what it is for sure, or for the presentation it will be a white sticky wild flower found near Natural Bridge Cave.:) hee hee
‘Texas False Garlic’ or ‘White King’ or ‘Texas Wild Onion’
A robust upland species native to seepy, wet situations such as swales and bottomlands, in alkaline clay soil from the hills of Central Texas to Oklahoma. Many flowered dome-shaped umbels (60-100) of chalk white starry flowers with green ovaries appear in late spring (usually during the first months of May) on scapes nearly 2’ tall. The robust foliage is distinctive, being flat, about ½" wide, glaucous, blue, and spiraling. It needs to be well watered while flowering or the buds will abort. This is one of the two largest flowering native Texas wild alliums and was differentiated from Allium canadense var fraseri in 1990 by Thad Howard. Prior to this it was considered Allium canadense var fraseri (yet another strain) but if you grow both of these alliums, like I do, they are as different as night and day with a distinctively different set of physical and ecological characteristics.
Easy to grow, undemanding, drought tolerant (but will appreciate late summer moisture while dormant); an excellent candidate for mixing in the border with daylilies or other late-spring blooming natives and perennials. Good for growing from zones 5-9.
This one shows a group in various stages of opening up and still in bud.
Rubus arvensis is reported as being growing in Walker County with no other counties being noted. It could be growing elsewhere. It is mentioned as a Big Thicket plant. I couldn't find enough information about it on the web (which I find a bit strange) to be able to fill in any of the details on its PlantFile entry..
Without being able to compare the 2, I am unable to assist with the ID. I am sorr that I couldn't be of more help.
I took home a couple vines and planted it almost 2 years ago. It is finally starting to grow pretty well. The first blooms came a few weeks ago, and in the picture you can see where they've fallen off. Not sure if they got proper pollination to become berries yet, but we shall see.
I am satisfied with it being Sawtooth Blackberry for now. Since it is classified as a Sub-shrub, I wonder... Oo Where does it go in the Native Plant Files?..oO (I only knew it had white flowers.)
Thanks for the photo. I have only seen antelope horns milkweed plants once and the plants were destroyed by a bulldozer before I could take a photo and/or save them from destruction. The blooms are wonderful.
I'm sorry, I thought it was Snow-on-the-Mountain, which I have. Didn't look very closely at that post...so thought it was the same one. This is the one I have. I should pay more attention. http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/221/