Chocolate Daisy (Berlandiera lyrata), Asteraceae Family, Texas native, perennial, blooms mid-spring through summer, blooms smell like chocolate in the especially in the mornings
The flowers are yellow, about the size of a quarter and have red striped undersides, the petals drop off during the day. It has diiferent stages of blooms on the plant at the same time which makes it very interesting to observe: below is a bud and one with emerging petals. To see the full bloom, visit the PlantFiles: http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/1605/index.html
Camphorweed, Golden Aster, Camphor Daisy (Heterotheca subaxillaris, previously named Heterotheca latifolia), Asteraceae Family, Texas native, annual, blooms in early spring through late falll; considered a weed by many, but admired by native plant enthusiasts.
Cut it to a low level in latesummer and it will continue to bloom until the first frost and sometimes even later. The rough and usually toothed leaves emit a strong camphor aroma when crushed or disturbed and are sticky due to the hairs being gland-tipped.
I can't locate the photo of the full bloom, but am posting the photo of the center of the bloom which will help identify it. See other photos and more information in the PlantFiles: http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/1666/index.html
Greenthread, Plains Greenthread, Threadleaf Thelesperma, Navajo Tea, False Golden Wave (Thelesperma filifolium), Asteraceae Family, Texas native, annual or short-lived perennial, blooms in March through June and often into the fall
It can be found growing along roadsides and on dry hills in the South Texas Plains and Edwards Plateau. The eight ray flowers are yellow and the numerous disk flowers are reddish to dark brown. The leaves are scattered along the whole stem and the blades are very thin. It does not appear to be ravaged by deer. It is also a good larval and nectar plant for butterflies and is a larval food for the dainty sulphur butterfly.
Being used to make a beverage tea which is sometimes used medicinally by several Native American tribes, especially those in the southwest the names Navajo Tea, Hopi Tea, or Indian tea reflect its use by these populations. But, its main use is in the Southwest. How to make the tea: (1) harvest the plant just as the flower buds open, cutting it to within 2-3 inches above the soil and then wash the plants. (2) Let it dry. Fold the dried plant into uniform 4 inch lengths. (3) Bundled with string into units of about 6 grams each for storage and use. (4) Boil a bundle of the herb in about 6 cups of water for about 5 minutes. A sweetener can be added. The taste is somewhat like that of standard green tea, but has a very slight aromatic taste. It may be enjoyed without any sweetener.
Goldmane Tickseed, Dye Flower (Coreopsis basalis), Asteraceae Family, Texas native, annual, blooms April through August
It is found in the the eastern half of Texas growing on open ground in praires and meadows. The species thrives on disturbed land that is sandy and well drained. It is drought tolerant. It is bushy and has a compact growth habit. The dark pattern around the center helps distinguish this tickseed from other types.
Twin-leaf Senna, Two-leaf Senna, Twin-leaved Senna, Two-leaved Senna (Senna roemeriana), Caesalpiniaceae Family, Texas native, perennial, blooms in early spring through early fall
Its natural habitat is poor, dry, limestone soil. It will grow in a garden, as long as the soil is well-drained. Give it a little extra water, cut it back and it will bloom into the fall. it is a butterfly larvae food for tailed oranges, orange sulphurs and statira sulphurs. CAUTION: It is poisonous to cattle, goats and horses.
Hinckley's Golden Columbine (Aquilegia hinckleyana), Ranunculaceae Family, endemic Texas native, perennial, blooms in early spring through early summer and sometimes sporadically through the summer until fall
Hinckley's golden columbine is an endemic Texas native plant. It can be found in its natural habit in the Trans-Pecos mountains region of Texas. It is 2 feet tall and 2 feet wide and is one of four yellow blooming columbines that are indigenous to the state.
( Native) Prairie Parsley, ( Polytaenia nuttallii ) Parsley family,Biennial to three feet,
bloom period April to June. Sometimes called Wild Dill, host to butterflies.
See plant files, http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/85824/index.html
Thrift-leaf Perky Sue, Four-Nerve Daisy, Slender-stem Bitterweed, Plains Hymenoxys (Hymenoxys scaposa), Asteraceae Family, Texas native, perennial, evergreen, everblooming in Central and South Texas
This is an evergreen native Texas perennial that has short tufts of grayish-green, grassy looking foliage that provides a burst of yellow bloom color. It is a low growing plant which bears the blooms on taller stalks. It will bloom about all year in warmer climates. It survived February and March freezes without any damage and kept on blooming. Make sure the soil it is planted in is well drained. The blooms themselves are long lasting. It is an excellent xeriscape plant. Use it as a border or as groupings in the border. Great plant for rock gardens.
This plant self-seeds easily. The seedhead turns totally white when dry and and the empty seedhead persists on the plant. Notice how the dried petals turn inward. So, there are yellow blooms with white seedheads on the plant at the same time making the plant look as though it has yellow as well as white blooms on it from a distance. I cut the dried bloomstalks from the plant after the seedhead has dried. This can be accomplished easily with a weed whacker.
I have been tryng to remember to add that information, John, and am glad it is helpful to you. I forgot to add it to the cosmos above, but inserted it after sayimg, "Oops !". I added the thread that lists plants that are suitable for rock gardens and xeriscapes.
( Endemic Native ) Texas Squaw-Weed, ( Senecio ampullaceus )
Sunflower family, slender upright annual, to 3 feet high.
Bloom period February to April, this plant can cover entire fields in gold.
See plant files, http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/98867/index.html
Showy Goldenrod (Solidago speciosa), Asteraceae Family, Texas native, perennial, blooms in late July through October
Showy goldenrod is a deer resistant, native rhizomatous plant that inhabits almost all of North America. Preferring sandy to loamy soil, it can grow in poor dry soils as well as medium wet soils as long as the soil is well drained. It can be found in fields, open woods, meadows, prairies, along roadsides and in thickets reaching a height of between 2 and 3 feet and between 2 and 3 feet wide. Thriving best in full sun, it can tolerate very light shade. Showy goldenrod provides late summer and fall color and is an excellent choice for naturalized areas (wildscapaes), xeriscapes, rock gardens and perennial beds.
( Native ) Canada Goldenrod, ( Solidago canadensis ) Beautiful perennial wildflower, very misunderstood, it does not cause hay fever, the pollen is sticky and does not blow in the wind. On the wildflower slope.
Seeplant files, http://davesgarden.com/pf/showimage/57958/
Straggler Daisy, Prostrate Lawnflower, Hierba del caballo, Horseherb (Calyptocarpus vialis), Asteraceae Family, natuarlized, perennial groundcover, blooms early spring through late fall, considered an invasive weed by many
This plant is very difficult to remove from lawns and is considered a pest; however, it is a great groundcover that can be useful in preventing soil erosion and as a groundcover where nothing else will grow.
Toothed Spurge (Euphorbia dentata), Euphorbiaceae Family, Texas native, annual, blooms mid-summer through late summer (inconspicuous - pale yellow, pale green or near white), considered an invasive weed by many
Dandelion, Lion's Tooth, Bitterwort, Chicoria, Fortune-Teller, Wild Endive, Puffball (Taraxacum officinale), Asteraceae Family, Texas native, perennial, thought of as an invasive weed by some
Its solitary flower head has numerous yellow ray flowers which appear on the tops of tops a hollow, leafless stalks. The stalks emerge from center of a rosettes of toothed leaves. The stem juice is milky. The new leaves can be used in salads as well as soups and wine is made from the heads.
Common Mullein, Aaron's Rod, Adam's Flannel, Fairy Tale Plant (Verbascum thapsus), Scrophulariaceae Family, naturalized, biennial, blooms mid-srping through late summer through early fall (sometimes through December), some consider it a weed
Shrubby Water Primrose, Mexican Primrose Willow (Ludwigia octovalvis), Onagraceae Family, Texas native, perennial, blooms July through November, bog plant
It grows in wet soils or the mud of ditches, fields and rice fields, as well as the edges of marshes, ponds and streams. The plants are often found in large colonies and may reseed prolifically. The 1 5/8 to 2 inch, bright yellow, 4-petaled, 4-sepaled, stalked blooms appear from July through November from the upper leaf axils. The fruit are long, slender, erect, cylindrical, 4-sided, several ribbed pods that are up to 2 inches long. They are quite lovely and are often used in flower arrangements. The shrubby water primerose is a host plant for the water-primrose hornworm moth and is a favorite of swamp dragonflies.
Squarebud Primrose, Calylophus Drummondianus. This is the variety with the black throat and stigma, grows in the Texas Hill Country. Another variety is all yellow. BTW, the Enquist book, Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country is available in print again, yea! This is one of my favorite natives!
Woolly Paperflower, Hairy Paperflower (Psilostrophe tagetina), Asteraceae Family, native, perennial (sometimes biennial), blooms March through October
This plant forms mounds 2 feet high and 3 feet wide. The stems and leaves are somewhat hairy. The alternate and narrow leaves are decrease in size as they move upward on the plant. The lower leaves form a rosette at the plant base. It can be found growing in rocky, sandy, sandy loam, nedium loam, clay and clay loam soils on plains, grassland areas, open slopes and washes. Usually it is found growing in various soil types of the Edwards Plateau, South Texas Plains and West Texas. It loves dry, semi-arid conditions. It reseeds itself, but the new plants do not bloom until the second year. The 'petals' stay on the flower for a long time after they finish blooming, becoming papery and dry; hence, the common name 'Paper Flower'. Butterflies love it. It is a great plant to use in rock gardens, xeriscape gardens and native plant scapes.
Texas Green-Eyes, Berlandiera texana. Perennial, moderately xeriscape, needs well-drained soil, can grow in sand, loam, clay or caliche (yes!). Tolerates full sun or partly sunny. Blooms anytime from April to November. This is one tough plant! It can get a bit tall, so plant in the right location, but you can prune it back also. Propagates easily from seed. A bit too easily perhaps...best in a "natural" area. Small plants are not so easily dug up, deep tap root develops after a while. May or may not become dormant in winter, depending on temperatures in your area. Named for the green composite head. Closely related to B. Lyrata, or Chocolate Daisy.
Damianita Daisy (Chrysactinia mexicana) - bright yellow blooming type, Asteraceae Family, Texas native, perennial, blooms mainly in spring and on and off through fall, evergreen
Damianita daisy is also known by theses names:Calanca, False Damiana, Garanona, Hierba de San Nicolas, Mariola, Romerillo, San Nicolas and Yeyepaxtle. It is a small evergreen shrub (actually a subsrub) that has dark green, highly aromatic needle-like leaves and is extremely heat and drought tolerant. It typically can be found growing natively on rocky limestone soils in the Trans-Pecos and Edwards Plateau. However, it is not picky about the types of soil in which it thrives being found found growing in igneous, sandy, sandy loam, medium loam, clay loam, clay and caliche soils. Poor soils (not amended with organic matter) with excellent drainage are recommended if being grown as a landscape plant. It is well suited for rock gardens, wildscapes, xeriscapes, flowerbed borders and/or as a ground cover for hillsides or hot exposed areas. It is cold hardy to about 10 degrees F.
I have had 2 of these planted in a hot, dry part of my landscape since the spring. They have been somewhat slow growers and I have provided supplemental water as they were becoming established due to the severe drought conditions in my naighborhood. Because the soil in which I planted them is very well draining, they have done very well and are now putting on a show of bright yelllow blooms (some types have golden yellow blooms as shown above in this thread). The stems have flopped some and they have a compact, mounded growth habit.
debnes_dfw_tx, I really love the btight yellow blooms on this cute little plant.
Tir_Na_Nog, thank you for your kind remarks. My father was a spot news photographer for the San Antonio Express and News. I wish I had learned about photography from him. He could take a perfect shot with one click. Me? ,,, I have to take quite s few before I have one that I like and that is actually in focus. :o) I often think that he is laughing at me from heaven.
Thank you both for your comments.
Thank God for digital.. I know what you mean I take tons to get a few good ones myself. We have what counts now, a good camera, and good taste..and then you have it in your blood it seems. I'm sure your Dad is thrilled with pride over what he was able to pass on to you.
Redbud , Low Menodora (Menodora heterophylla), Oleaceae Family, endemic Texas native, perennial, blooms March through June (I found it blooming in October after a rain a few weeks earlier, guess it thought it was spring)
Growing to be between 2 and 10 inches in height, redbud is a small erect perennial that can be found in clay, gravel, sandy-loam or caliche soils of the South Texas Plains and the Edwards Plateau. It forms a thick mat suitable for a flowering groundcover. The deeply lobed, 1 inch long leaves are crowded on the stem and can be entire or deeply cut. The flower bud is a bright scarlet red giving the plant one of it's common names. The flowers are 1" wide with a 1 1/2" long tube and can have 5 or 6 petals. The petals are pale yellow to a medium yellow when first open and fade to a paler color as time passes. The outer side of some petals are streaked with red giving them a bronzish tone. The flowersclose in the hottest part of the day. The seed pods look like round peas. The top half opens to release the seeds.If cultivated, plant in well drained soil. The plant is drought tolerant but will take some summer water. Redbud leaves are eaten by white-tailed deer and quail and it is a butterfly nectar source
The flowers are streaked with red on the outside of some petals which can be more easily observed as the flower begins to open.. The yellow of the bloom when not backlit by sunlght is much paler than in this photo.
Puncturevine, Caltrop, Goat's Head, Bullhead (Tribulus terrestris), Zygophyllaceae Family, naturalized, annual, blooms mid-summer through early fall, invasive
This is a low-growing, trailing up to 5 feet long plant that is considered a weed. It is often found growing in sandy and disturbed areas The 4 to 6 cm long, short-stalked leaves are opposite, pinnately compound and have 5 to 10 pairs of leaflets. The 4 to 5 cm across, five-petaled flowers are borne on 2.5 to 5 cm stalks in the leaf axils. The goat head-shaped seeds have sharp thorns that can be very painful to step upon. The flowers have been used in the past in the treatment of leprosy and the stems are used in the treatment of skin diseases and psoriasis. It is used in various herbal formulas to treat eye problems such as itching, conjunctivitis and weak vision, headaches, pain relief, improved mood and sense of well-being, enhancement of the immune system, cholesterol reduction, relief of premenstrual (PMS), and nervousness. After learning its herbal uses, I guess I will not be so mad when I step on the stickers. It is extremely toxic to sheep. Puncture vine seeds have been used to kill people in weapons in southern Africa. The poisonous juice of Acokanthera venenata is smeared on the seeds and the seeds are put where victims are likely to step.
Spinyfruit Buttercup, Spiny-Fruit Buttercup, Spiny Buttercup, Stick-Seed Buttercup, Sharp Buttercup, Scilly Buttercup (Ranunculus muricatus), Ranunculaceae Family, naturalized, annual, perennial, biennial, blooms March through June, invasive and considered a weed by many; plant dies back in the heat of summer, all parts of this plant are poisonous when raw and can cause skin irritation in the form of blisters
Spinyfruit buttercup can be found growing natively in open fields, ditches and lawns as well as along roadsides. In addition, it can be found growing in sandy marshes, around ponds and streams and often in shallow water. Spinyfruit buttercup generally cannot be successfully grown in areas where the soil quality is of a poor quality which lack lack sufficient nutrients. The leaves are a beautiful shape and dark green color, but the blooms are small (up to 15 mm in diameter). The pistils develop into achenes with short spines; however, they have a spine-free edge. The prickly achemes distinguish this species from all other buttercups other than corn buttercup which has deeply divided leaves and a spiny-edged seed. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by flies. Considered a medicinal herb, it is used in the treatment of intermittent fevers, gout and asthma.
Beach Ground-Cherry, Smallflower Ground-Cherry, Smallflower Ground Cherry, Yellow Ground Cherry (Physalis cinerascens var. cinerascens), Solanaceae Family, native, perennial, blooms spring until the first frost
This perennial is found throughout most of the state growing natively in disturbed areas along roadsides, gravel pits, fields, cemeteries, etc. It grows from a sturdy deep rhizome and attains a height of about 20 inches and a width of 4 feet. The leaves are fuzzy especially when they are small. The 1/2" to 3/4" wide, yellowish-green flower has a burgundy center star and it grows face down. The fruit is a green to purplish berry.
Canada Lettuce, Tall Lettuce, Tall Wild Lettuce (Lactuca canadensis), Asteraceae Family, native, annual, biennial, blooms July through September, considered a weed by many
Canada lettuce inhabits degraded prairies, roadsides, thickets and disturbed habitats; but, it also may be found in cultivated habitats. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or full sun preferring moist sandy soil. Wild Lettuce can be distinguished from other native Lactuca spp. by the color of its flowers, its achenes which have attached tufts of hairs and its non-hairy stems and leaves (although it does have scattered non-prickly hairs along the central vein on the underneath side of the leaves). The 1/4 inch across flowerheads are yellow and often tinted with red. They are hermaphrodite having both male and female parts and are pollinated by Insects attracting bees mostly. Goldfinches eat the seeds. Mammalian herbivores occasionally eat the stems and leaves. White-tailed deer and horses eat the tops off of mature plants; whereas, the cottontail rabbit eats the tender leaves of first-year plants.
Tiny Tim Bristle-Leaf Dyssodia, Bristleleaf, Pricklyleaf, Dogweed, Fetid Marigold (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba), Asteraceae Family, native, annual, perennial, blooms late spring to first frost
Tiny Tim dogweed is one of the smaller wildflower versions of the Dalberg Daisy cultivars. It grows between 2" and 4" tall and 9" to 12" wide and has a somewhat woody base. Normally, Tiny Tim is treated as an annual, but sometimes survives for a second or third season in frost free areas (USDA zones 9B-11). It may be found growing in limestone, gravel, sand and gravelly red clay mix soils; however, it prefers a well drained, sandy soil with a pH of 6.8 or higher (alkaline). It is very tolerant of dry conditions and does not perform well during periods of high rainfall and humidity. The leaves are alternate and dissected into 7-15 linear lobes which are very thin and needle-shaped. The leaves have a lemony or carroty odor when crushed or bruised. It produces masses of bright 1/4"-3/8" wide flowers which may have bright golden, orange or yellow rays and yellow disks. The peduncle (flower stem) is bare, very thin and 1" to 3" long. It flowers best in late summer when temperatures begin to cool. It can be planted in fall for winter or spring blooming and is good where a low edging is needed. Being well adapted to calcareous or limey soils, it will usually self-sow under such conditions and is a great rock garden plant. It is well suited for growing in containers or a hanging baskets.
Tiny Tim Bristle-Leaf Dyssodia, Bristleleaf, Pricklyleaf, Dogweed, Fetid Marigold (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba)
It is a tough little plant shown here during a severe 2 year drought in South Central Texas when many native plants were not to be seen due too lack of rainfall (note the cracks in the ground). It usually looks more robust.
Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy (Amblyolepis setigera), Asteraceae Family, endemic, annual, usually blooms profusely for about two months sometime between February and June, depending upon how far north its habitat is
Huisache Daisy grows in the South Texas Plains and Edwards Plateau (Central and South Texas) regions. It thrives in sandy loam, limestone and chalky soils growing in clumps that provide a bright cheery color from early spring until June. It has a fragrance that is similar to new mown hay, sweet clover or vanilla extract. It can be found growing under huisache and other chaparral shrubs. The blooms are between 1.5 and 2 inches and rise above the basal mound of soft leaves on long, leafless stems. The center disk flowers form a dome in the center of the flower. The 8-12 ray flowers have 3 or 4 teeth on the edge. The toothed portion very often is lighter than the rest, but not always. The stems are covered in hair especially nearer the base of the petiole. The leaves are covered in very fine hair that may not be visible to the naked eye. The leaf margins have longer hairs. The leaves are occasionally eaten by white-tailed deer and cattle. Huisache dasy will grow in varying moisture conditions from dry to wet-mesic. Because the bloomstems are long, it makes a lovely cut flower. The bloom lasts a long time after being cut. Ii is an appropriate plant to use in wildflower borders or planting in masses in the landscape.
A view of a bloom showing the disk flowers from the side which form a dome in the center of the bloom. The dome enlarges in height as the bloom . (The color in this digital camera photo is not true. The bloom is a little more golden yellow.)
A view of the Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy (Amblyolepis setigera) leaves and stem which shows the longer hairs that are present. Very, very small hairs cover the surface of the leaves which have trapped debri on them.
Stemless Evening Primrose can be found in clay or dry limestone soils of the Blackland Praire, Rolling Plains and Edwards Plateau Regions in dry open areas with drained soil such as barrens, prairies, floodplains, slopes, hillsides, rock outcrops in fields and grassy areas. It is a frequent lawn invader. The plant forms a rosette shape like a dandelion with broadly lobed leaves low to the ground. Because it is very low growing (usually 8 inches tall or less), it withstands mowing very well. The up to 4.5cm (1.75 ") wide flowers are bright yellow when they open about half an hour before sunset. When they close about noon the following day, their color has faded to a pale yellow. If you observe them opening, you will be surprised. They go from buds that resemble little okra pods to flowers in about a minute. This is so fast that you actually can see them move. The seedpods form at the base of the flower stem and are hidden in the foliage at ground level. They resemble tiny pinecones. Deer resistant is high. This hardy perennial is a good plant for rock gardens.
Curvepod fumewort, scrambled eggs (Corydalis curvisiliqua), Fumariaceae Family, native, winter annual or biennial, blooms February through April
Curvepod fumewort, scrambled eggs (Corydalis curvisiliqua) In its native habitat, it can be found on hillsides, prairies, meadows, pastures, plains, savannahs, slopes and woodlands' edges, It prefers growing in clay, loam, medium loam, sandy loam and gravelly soil and in the bright light of part shade to light shade. It grows best in open, thin woods or with the sheltered protection of such shrubs as sagebrush. It requires medium moisture.
Curvepod fumewort, scrambled eggs leaves are compound with blades that have 2-3 orders of leaflets and lobes. The ultimate lobes are obovate, oblong or elliptic with the margins frequently being apex obtuse, rounded or incised. The interesting small 1/2 to 1 inch long goldish yellow recurved blooms appear in racemes which have between 6 to18 blooms that stand above the foliage. The bloom pedicel measures 1-3 mm. Some upper petals may have a crest. The blooms have 4 petals with the outer 2 petals enclosing the inner 2 petals. One petal of each bloom has a straight, short, sac-like spur at the base which holds nectar. The lower petal acts as a landing pad for insects seeking nectar. The 2-lobed stigma is rectangular and has 8 papillae.
The 1.75–2.75 " long seed pods (seedpods) are erect and slender. They are usually strongly incurved; however, some may be staight. The 2 mm in diameter seeds appear distinctly roughened or faintly reticulate under when observed under magnification. The seeds do not germinate on dispersal, because an after-ripening period is necessary
This plant has is highly resistant to deer.
Note: Curvepod fumewort, scrambled eggs plants contain 8 alkaloids. They are reportedly toxic to livestock. The pants were used in treating arthritis in the past.
Differientiating between the yellow blooming Corydalis species is diificult and is usually based upon the size of the blooms, whether the blooms stand above the foliage, the height of the plants, and the size of the seed pods (seedpods). Corydalis curvisiliqua ssp. curvisiliqua is an endemic Texas plant.
This is an opening bloom showng the inner petals and reproductive parts. The lower petal, when fully open, becomes a landing pad for insects seeking nectar that is stored in the back end of the bloom in the nectar sac.
htop, you are a wealth of information!!! The first time I saw the chocolate daisy was in the botanical gardens at NM State University back in '89. I had no idea we could grow it here...
Would the Canyon Daisy be a native...or has it been mentioned elsewhere in this thread by another name...It grows great everywhere in texas...little bitty yellow flowers but on great big bushes if you don't cut hard early in the spring...
Gail, I really love finding and doing research native Texas plants. The above plant was very difficult to identify. I did research on it for 6 days. I dug some up before the construction workers plowed over them and I hope they survive transplanting. With the cool, moist weather, they may. I will have to cut all of the seedpods off because rhere are a few cows living in the fields behind my house. I would be very sad if the plants started growing there and the cows ate them causing their calves to be aborted. I planted the plants as far away from my neighbor's property as possible.
I always thought that Copper Canyon Daisy, Lemmon’s Daisy, Mountain Lemmon Marigold, Tangerine Scented Marigold (Tagetes lemmonii) is a native Texas plant too until I researched the plant. It is listed as a native Arizona plant. You are riight, it is sure does well in Texas. I love mine and always anxiously await its bloom. I love its aromatic foliage that smells like mint with a hint of camphor that you can smell if you brush by it. It produces a chemical that repels non-beneficial insects . I only wish it bloomed all year round. For anyone interested in the plant, here is the PlantFiles entry:
I have given it to all my adult children living all over the state of Texas and it still blooms its head off. We all love the plant. Thanks for the information on a compact cultivar...going to track it down (tee hee)...
Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, ( Castilleja indivisa ), Yellow form.
Found growing on a roadside curve in a patch of Bluebonnets and orange Indian Paintbrush near Stephen's Creek, San Jacinto County.
Wood Betony, or Canadian Lousewort (Pedicularis canadensis).
Grows in damp woodlands, spreading by runners.
Found growing in patches on a stretch of road in the Sam Houston National Forest, near Coldspring, San Jacinto County, Texas.
Malta thistle, Maltese star-thistle, cockspur thistle, yellow star-thistle, Napa thistle (Centaurea melitensis) is an introduced invasive winter annual plant. It is difficult to distinguish between Malta star-thistle and yellow star-thistle (Centaurea solstitialis) until they flower. Both have bright yellow thistle-like flowers with prominent spines emanating from the flower base in a star-like arrangement at the base of the flower head. The spines on yellow star-thistle flowers are ¾ to1 inch long, yellow, very stiff and pointed like a cactus spine. Malta star-thistle has tan spines that are not as stiff and shorter (3/8 inch). Malta star-thistle bracts below the heads have short often reddish or brownish spines; whereas, yellow star-thistle bracts have yellow spines. Yellow-star thistle blooms have discoid heads that are about one inch in diameter. Malta star-thistle blooms stand 1/2 to 5/8 inch tall. Malta-star thistle blooms May-December with yellow star-thistle blooming April-September.
For more characteristis that differientiate these 2 plants, see its entry in the PlantFiles (link below).
I just had to post another photo of this plant. It is blooming up a storm and the colors of the blooms are magnificent. It is one of the best plants that I have ever purchased. No fuss, no muss, no water. I am pleased that it blooms more than once a year. The only complaint that I have is that a heavy rainstorm bent the stems downward.
Bloom colors are intense, difficult to describe and difficult to capture accurately with my digital camera. The blooms persist for quite some time without fading.
Native throughout Texas, Stonecrop can be seen flowering across the rocky hillsides turning them a chartreuse shade of green to a golden yellow. They grow right out of the porous limestone rock. Stonecrop is very adaptable to soil, just requires that it is well draining.
Stonecrop grows no more than 4 inches high as it is a sprawling succulent that spreads and forms a mat to cover bare ground. It thrives in dry hot locations, complementing small cacti, or dangling out of rock crevices in a rock or alpine garden. The stems break easily so you do not want to put stonecrop in a walkway.
Very cold hardy, drought tolerant, shade tolerant, and easily roots by stem cuttings makes stonecrop a great groundcover in xeric garden. Usually you see stonecrop flower in the spring and early summer, but can flower into the fall when it receives supplementary water.
Are you doing the New York Avenue Blackland Prairie Tour with Jim Varnum on Sunday? I attended two nature walks with Jim last week. Parkhill Prairie in Collin County on Saturday & Spring Creek in Garland on Wednesday. Going on these walks has encouraged me to go ahead and take the Master Naturalist Classes next spring (the Collin County chapter does not have classes in the fall). Have you finished your classes and hours and been officially named a Master Naturalist?
Yes I have Stacey, and it has given me a new appreciation of out beautiful land and country.
I am now a Master Naturalist, but as they told us, this means that I can now notice things in Nature that I didn't know or see before.
No one is ever a master in the study of Nature, they said they had to call the course something, and that is what they came up with.
But we can become students, observers and lovers of Nature, which will lead us on a journey to last a lifetime.
I hope you will take the course, I loved it and I made a few new friends in the process.
Yes we are going to the New York avenue prairie and the Tandy Hills prairie, so it is going to be a busy but joyful day.
Berlandier's sundrops, Square-Bud primrose, Sundrops, Halfshrub Sundrops (Calylophus berlandieri - Synonyms: Calylophus berlandieri ssp. berlandieri, Calylophus drummondianus ssp. berlandieri), Onagraceae Family. native, perennial, blooms March through September
This is a bushy, usually 4 - 20 inch tall, plant (but it can grow up to 32 inches tall) that sometimes becomes woody near the base which grows in sun or part sun. Sundrops can be found in old fields and on hillsides of the Edwards Plateau and the South Texas Plains in sandy or rocky soil. There is an erect type and a more spread out groundcover form. Its leaves are narrow and spiny-toothed. The showy, crinkled, bright yellow blooms are up to 2 inches across with four, broad petals. The center of the bloom and stigma either black or yellow. The stigma is shaped like a club which is typical in Calylophus while in Oenothera the stigma is cross-shaped. The filaments of the stamens are fused to the petals and the bloom buds have prominent ribs on 4 sides giving it a square appearance. Seed is most successful if done in fall. It can also be propagated by take cuttings of new growth in early spring and sometimes even in January.
Annual b... (expletive) cabbage, mustard-weed, turnip-weed, giant mustard, ball mustard, wild turnip ((Rapistrum rugosom), Brassicaceae Family, naturalized, annual, blooms early spring (sometimes in January and February) until it becomes really hot. on Texas Noxious Weed List
I spent quite sometime researching and then describing this plant. When I attempted to upload the information and a photo, my post was blocked due to the name of the plant that contained an expletive. All of my posting disappeared and I was disconnected form my DSL server. If you wish to know more about this plant, go here:
Josephine, I was given a warning to "clean up" my post. When I tried to do so, everything disappeared and I was knocked off line. I really don't think that Dave's knocked me offline. I was just too tired to go back through all my research, and recompose the info. I do not know how to type, so it takes me a long time to type my posts. I had tried to do a search for this plant in the plantFiles using its scientific name. It won't come up. :o) Have a great day.
Thanks, trois. I too have trouble with washed out colors in bright sunlight sometimes. I like partly cloudy days best so the lighting is bright and you can wait for a cloud to pass over to keep the glare off the plant. I started having lots of problems the past weeks with the dark cloudy days. The colors were off a lot. I found that when I retired, the less time I have. :o)
Me too Hazel such a different cast on cloudy days.. About the mustard, B Cabbage... Oh my! That word is used a lot in names of plants and some animals. I guess another substitution would be 'misfit' Cabbage. Too bad words have been so abused that we can't use them for what they are really for, without offending anyone.
Anyway, lol...I suspect the 'pests' the url is referring to could be larvae of Whites or Sulphur butterflies which use the Brassicaceae or Mustard family of plants as a larval host. People would love to be surrounded by the pretty butterflies, but really quick to erradicate their food. This has taught me to look more deeply at everything in creation. (A main reason I have chosen butterfly conservation as a major field of hard study...or did i choose me?)
I saw the flower you posted peeking out of the clover and was going to post it to see exactly what it is.
Thanks to you, now I know.
Deb, I have found that almost all of the "weeds" have been used for medicinal purposes. I have that maybe they grow prolifically and in many areas so that mankind would always have a supply of them to "cure" what ails him. Every part of the elderberry was (is) used by native Americans and was considered so special that they always left the mother plant so that there would be a continuing supply. I am pleased to know that you are studying butterfly conservation. Most of the time I now let my plants be eaten by larvae; whereas, in years past I was quick to remove any nawing "pest". 3 of my gaura plants' leaves have been munched to pieces, but instead of being upset, I am happy that I will see more White Lined Sphinx moths. :o)
Silver Bladderpod (Lesquerella argyraea), Brassicaceae Family, native (only Texas and Mexico, biennial/perennial, blooms from March to May
Silver bladderpod can be found growing natively only in the Edwards Plateau and South Texas Plains Regions of Texas and the northern region of Mexico. It prefers calcareous limestone and sandy soils. It grows to a height of between 6 and 28 inches and its stems(can have several from the base) and alternate, simple leaves are finely pubescent being covered with stellate hairs. The entire, toothed or wavy upper stem leaves are 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches long and are narrowly linear to broad: whereas, the entire to deeply pinnately lobed basal leaves are approximately 3 inches long. The foliage is covered with minute stellate hairs.
The 4-petalled yellow flowers are from 1/4 to 3/4 inches in diameter with four long and two short stamen. The 1/8 to 3/8 wide fruit (silicles) are usually round or elliptical. They are smooth, appear on pedicels that usually have an S-shaped curve. and are glabrous (hairless). The seeds are eaten by scaled quail and have been used as a peppery seasoning (not by the quail, but by man). The leaves are eaten by white-tailed deer.
Radishroot wood sorrel (woodsorrel), hairy wood sorrel (woodsorrel), wild oxalis and white oxalis (Oxalis albicans), Oxalidaceae Family, native, perennial, blooms March through early summer
Radishroot woodsorrel (Oxalis albicans) is also commonly known as hairy wood sorrel, wild oxalis and white oxalis. It is found growing natively in Arizona, California, New Mexico and Texas as well as northern Mexico. The species name "albicans" refers to the white sheen on the leaflets that occurs due to the presence of fine hairs not due to it having white blooms (has yellow blooms). It grows on brushy and stony slopes, ravines, chaparrals, coastal grasslands, sage scrub areas, canyons and canyon bottoms, mountains, rock faces, cave openings, washes, streambeds, creeks, mesquite bosques and riparian woodlands and in moist soils. It prefers part shade.
It is classified as a small subshrub because its rootstock and taproot are thick and more or less woody unlike many wood sorrels. Its stems are prostrate or trailing and do not root at the nodes. They are hairy or glabrous and up to 40cm long. Each leaflet is up to 1.5 cm. Radishroot woodsorrel flowers from Maerch through early summer. The inflorescence has 1 to 3 flowers with pedicels up to 2 cm long. The lanceolate sepals are up to 6 mm long. The 8 to12 mm petals are yellow. Cylindrically-shaped, the fruit capsules are 6 to18 mm in length. It is sometimes mistaken for creeping wood sorrel (woodsorrel) which is Oxalis corniculata. Creeping wood sorrel's roots at the stem nodes (has aboveground stolons); whereas, radishroot wood sorrel does not. Creeping wood sorrel will have hairs along its leaf margins, as do most wood sorrels, but not on the leaf surfaces (may have a few); whereas, radishroot wood sorrel leaf margins and surfaces have numerous small hairs.
It is difficult to see that the leaflets are covered in fine hairs in this photo. I went back to take closer photos of the leaflets; however, a big pile of refuse had been thrown on it. It was growing close to the plant that is described above.
Bighead pygmy cudweed, big-head evax, rabbit tobacco (Evax prolifera), Asteraceae Family, native, Winter/spring annual, blooms late March or April through July
Bighead pygmy cudweed, big-head evax, rabbit tobacco (Evax prolifera) is a winter/spring annual that is native to Arkansas, California, Colorado, Kansas, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas and a few other states. It can be found in pastures, prairies, and stream valleys preferring dry, clayey or rocky limestone soils.
It is between 1 and 6 inches tall. The ones I have been observing are about 2 to 3 inches tall (in April). The erect, simple or branching from base, woolly stems are very leafy and densely white to gray. New growth may be greener in appearance until the dense hairs appear. The 1/8 to 1/4 inch long rosette leaves are spatulate and disappear as the stem leaves emerge. The spatulate to narrowly oblanceolate, alternate stem leaves are 1/8 to 3/5 inch long, and less than 1/6 inch wide. Their margins are entire and their tips are blunt.tips.
Rabbit tobacco blooms from late March or April through July. The cluster of flower are heads subtended by leaves that are .25 to .5 inch long with the receptacle slightly raised to somewhat conical. There is chaff which appears as appearing as bracts. This chaff usually exceeds the heads in length and protrudes. The blooms have no ray flowers. The blooms are followed by tiny yellowish-brown achenes which are oblong-elliptic in shape.
Even though this plant is quite small, it is very noticeabledue to its grayish, fuzzy appearance. I always just have to get low to the ground to view it closely. It would make a nice addition to a rock garden. (However, I do not know how invasive it is).
Habitat: Climbing vine needs support from the start. Many yellow flowers in early spring, sometimes in the fall and during warm spells in the winter! It needs well prepared soil, good drainage, moderate water. It will grow in the shade, but without the blooms. This beautiful vine can take the afternoon sun!
This is not a jasmine. All parts of this plant are poisonous, but not to the touch. Native to East Texas, Florida, and Virginia.
It grows quite well in my 100% organic yard here in North Central Texas (black clay soil which has been amended with rock powders and compost).
This is the River Primrose, also called the Trumpet Evening Primrose, Oenothera jamesii
It's a biennial, 3 to 6 foot tall. Native to Texas, Oklahoma and Mexico, it is found in the wild along streams and other wet areas...riparian habitats. It cannot tolerate complete dryness of the soil. Blooms appear from July to October and open late afternoon to evening. The info I found indicates it needs sunshine. Propagation is by seeds or root division.
In a normal year, it might not be a good choice for my place, which is kept more on the dry side and has little topsoil other than what I've added. But I bought two plants last May when a local chapter of NPSOT participated in an event in San Antonio. Lucky for me, rainfall was really pretty much constant during the summer, so nature provided what I couldn't. Because I had no appropriate place to plant them at the time, I kept them in pots until last month. Then I went into an overgrown jungle-like part of the yard and cleared out two spots for them to be planted. I must say, those blooms are just amazing! I just wish I had something remotely akin to a riparian area to grow these every year. The dry creek area would probably not work, I'm thinking.
Prickly Lettuce, Opium Lettuce, China Lettuce, Wild Lettuce, Compass Plant, Horse Thistle, Milk Thistle (Lactuca serriola), Asteraceae Family, naturalized, annual/biennial, blooms late June through September, invasive, bloom colors: yellow, creamy yellow; blooms often fade to blue or lavender as they dry,
The alternately arranged leaves alternately range from 2 to 14 inches long and become progressively smaller up the flowering stem. Most of the leaves are lobed and their bases clasp the stem. They have prickles that occur along the leaf margins and along the midvein on the lower leaf surfaces. The leaves have a distinct white midvein and emit a milky sap when cut.
The small blooms of the prickly lettuce appear on branches which emerge from the main stem. There can be 10 to 12 blooms per head. They are very delicate looking. This plant has been used medicinally for centuries. It was given to ease the sypmtoms of whooping cough, other respiratory illnesses and as a relaxant because the sap has the same chemicals that are found in opium. Don't get any ideas ... the ingestion of large quantities can cause poisoning.
Lepidoptera (butterfly) larvae feed on this plant. Several edible lettuces were derived from this plant. It has been used in soap making.
Smooth sow thistle, milk thistle, swine thistle is an introduced plant from Europe. It can grow in just about any type of soil; however, it prefers nutrient rich soils. Smooth sow thistle has a considerable variation in leaf form and flower color.
This annual/biennial sow thistle forms a winter rosette, grows from a long taproot and is from 8 inches to 5 feet high. The stout stems are hollow, usually 5-angled, hairless and exude latex when broken. The spined leaves are grayish rather than dark glossy green like prickly sow thistle. However, both species can have some plants that fall in the intermediate range in this regard. In the shade, the leaves may have a have purple blotching. The upper leaves are not divided and have a broad-based triangular shape; whereas, the lower leaves are divided to the midrib into lobes with the end lobe being the largest. The lobes clasping the stem have arrow-shaped, pointed tips (Sonchus asper are ear-shaped).
Smooth sow thistle flowers usually from June to August. However, it can flower in April and continue until the first frost. The pale yellow flowerhead is about 1 inch in diameter when fully open and the flowers appear in loose clusters. Dry, stored seed remains viable for around 10 years.
The smooth sow thistle is used in Greece as a winter salad. The leaves also can be boiled like spinach, mixed with other pot-herbs or added to soups.
Missouri Primrose, Oenothera missouriensis: perennial, up to a foot tall, but larger plants often sprawl out to as much as a foot and a half wide. It blooms from April to July. The yellow blooms can be four inches across. Can be found in exposed limestone and caliche or in some prairie areas. It tolerates well-drained sand, limestone or caliche soils and prefers full sun. Not the best photo, because the flowers were beginning to close.
decklife, I was going to ask you if you would post your photos in these Texas Native Plants & Wildflowers Picture Directory. I am happy to see you have. They will assist others when they are attempting to identify native plants. Thanks so much. :o)
Nerva-Ray or Squarebud Daisy, Tetragonotheca texana. Perennial native wildflower, 1 to 2 feet tall, which seems to like rocky soil in the southern part of the Hill Country. Both the buds and the phyllaries are shaped as squares. They are drought-tolerant, seeming to survive and bloom in the present drought. Blooms April to September.
Fringed Puccoon Lithospermum incisum
Borage Family (Boraginaceae)
Has small, unopened, self-pollinating flowers, in addition to the showier fringed petaled flowers shown here. Small clusters of sterile frilly blooms appear within the first 2 weeks of spring. Then self-pollinating buds are formed later in spring or early summer. The leaves are slender toward the bloom, and more compact at the base sometimes withered by bloom time.
Here they are growing in rocky caliche soil between a traintrack and Highway 377 and nestled next to patches of Prairie Verbena.
Htop, I am so glad to assist! I often come to this directory when I'm trying to ID a native wildflower. And btw, your photos are always so fantastic ~ so Thank You!! ^_^
Here is Golden ragwort, Golden Groundsel, Squaw Weed, senecio aureus Hardy to zones 4-9.
Turns out senecio is a huge genus and this particular plant is one of those that took some time to ID!! I love the golden daisies blooming in spring. They are already in full bloom now. They are in mostly shade here, right under a big oak but I think they are full sun bloomers! The leaves are toothed, irregular in shape... I'll have to get some pics and add them too.
Well here's one showing the leaves from a distance, if you can see the leaves are round and toothed at the bottom and slim down to a smaller more serrated leaf as they come up closer to the flower head.