( Native Tree ) Redbud, ( Cercis canadensis ) Beautiful tree is covered with flowers in the Spring
before leaves appear. 15 to 30 feet high. A beautiful sight in spring.
For mor info see, http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/217/index.html
( Native Tree ) Red Buckeye, ( Aesculus pavia ) Gorgeous tree when in bloom.
Prefers semi shade, and lots of water, slow growing but worth it.
To see more info go to, http://davesgarden.com/forums/t/529390/
Berlandier acacia, guajillo, huajilla, thornless catclaw, mimosa catclaw, round-flowered catclaw (Acacia berlandieri), Fabaceae Family, endemic Texas native (Rio Grande Plains northwest to eastern Brewster County in the Trans-Pecos Region, dry limestone hillsides in SouthCentral Region), large shrub/tree
This is known as the honey plant. It is famous for the delicious sweet honey made from its fragrant flowers. Usually, it is a multi-trunked large shrub. It can be pruned to a small tree. It is a desirable ornamental with its fern-like leaves (have 20 to 50 pairs of 1/4 inch leaflets per pinna) and can serve as a hedge or fragrant speciman plant around pools or patios, in wildscapes and rock gardens. It is adaptable to many soil types, but they mist be well drained. It is hardy to around 20 degrees F. The small, recurved thorns are not rigid and do not pose a hazard like the thorns of other acacias do.
The ball-shaped creamy white flowers occur in spring and occasionally later through fall.
Catclaw Acacia, Gregg Acacia, Gregg Catclaw, Texas Catclaw, Devils-Claw, Uno de Gato, Long-flowered Catsclaw (Acacia greggii), Texas native, perennial, deciduous, blooms mid-spring through summer, large shrub/small tree
The leaves are 1/8 to 1/2 inch long. It can have numerous backward 1/4 inch curving spines.The blooms are a creamy white to creamy yellow and are conically-shaped bottlebrush spikes. It can attain a height and width of 30 feet. It is a magnet for butterflies and bees.
Anacacho Orchid Tree, Texas Plume, Dwarf Orchid Tree, Chihuahuan Orchid Tree, Pata de Vaca (Bauhinia lunarioides), Fabaceae Family, Texas and Louisiana native, perennial, small tree/large shrub, evergreen to semi-deciduous; blooms in April and May and sometimes the fall; bloom color: white or less frequently pink; cold hardiness: 20°f
This tree (large shrub depending upon growing conditions) is rare and is found naturally occurring in the West Texas hill country south into northeastern Mexico. Usually, it is single-trunked tree, but it sometimes is multi-trunked. It has wlight green, bi-lobe leaflets that look like cloven hooves. All members of this genera have leaves divided into two identical halves. John and Casper Bauhin (after whom the genera were named) were 16th century twin German botanists worked so closely together in their botanical efforts that the twin leaflets were thought to symbolize their labors. The small blooms appear in clusters and the plant produces a small flattened bean pod. This is a great patio tree and it attracts butterflies. In the zones 9+, it benefits from afternoon partial shade.
Here is a view of the whole plant which I found growing at the San Antonio Botanical Garden. It did not have a name plaque. It took me quite some time before I was able to identify it. I finally noticed that the blooms resembled small orchids and searched for "orchid +tree".
Texas Persimmon, Mexican Persimmon, Black Persimmon, Chapote, Chapote Manzano, Chapote Prieto (Diospyros texana), Ebenaceae Family, endemic Texas native tree/large shrub, semi-evergreen to deciduous, blooms February through June, fruits ripen in late summer
It is found naturally occurring in South and Central Texas and west to the Big Bend region. It may be a predominant invading woody species in some pastyre in Central Texas. It grows best in shallow, rocky limestone soils; but, It is adaptable to most soil types including clay. The soil must be well drained. It usually is a shrub or small tree less than 15 feet tall. However, along the upper Texas coast some specimens may reach 50 feet tall. Fine hairs are on the underside of the oval leaves which are rounded at the tips. The thin bark peels off in layers revealing mottled gray, white and pink hues.
The insignificant white, cream or grayish bell-shaped flowers have a sweet fragrance. The female plants produce 1 inch fruit that turn beautiful color shades as they ripen to black. The fruit pulp is sweet and edible; but, contains many seeds. Wildlife love the fruit. It is difficult at times to collect any ripe fruit because it has already been devoured or knocked from the tree with the fruit being smushed as it hits the ground before one can pick them. The persimmons are used in custards and pies. In Mexico, the fruits are used to make a black dye employed to stain animal hides.
The compact wood is almost black, hard and heavy. It takes a high polish and is valued because it can be used for tools, engraving blocks and art work.
Western Soapberry (Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii), Sapindaceae Family, Texas native, deciduous, medium or large tree or large shrub, blooms in mid-spring through early summer, fruits are fully ripe in November
Carolina Buckthorn, Indian Cherry (Frangula caroliniana), Family Rhamnaceae, Texas native, deciduous, small to medium in size tree or large shrub, blooms late spring to early summer, fruits start ripening in late summer and turn black in mid-fall
( Naturalized native) Bird of Paradise ( Caesalpinia gilliesii )
This South American tree has long escaped cultivation and become naturalized.
The showy yellow flowers have red stamens protruding 3 to 5 inches beyond the petals. It grows up to 10 feet tall and blooms May-September, Central and West Texas and Chihuahuan desert. Close up of flowers.
See plant files; http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/2120/index.html
Tenaza, Apes-Earring, Huajillo, Guajilla, Mimosa bush (Havardia pallens), Mimosaceae Family, Texas native, evergreen, small tree or shrub, blooms May through August
This evergreen large shrub or small tree is native to Cameron, Hidalgo, Starr, and Willacy Counties and the coastal parts of the Rio Grande Plains; however, is also cultivated in other counties in Southwest Texas. Although it is found naturally by stream edges or near water holes, it adapts to dry locations as well and has a high heat tolerance.
Tenaza, Apes-Earring, Huajillo, Guajilla, Mimosa bush (Havardia pallens)
The tenaza seed pods change colors as they mature. They are iridescent, even the reddish-brown ones, and appear is if they could glow in the dark. These beautiful pods are the reason that the plant is sometimes called "Apes-Earring".
In Texas, shortleaf pine grows in upland woods, fields and well-drained slopes and hills in the east Texas Pineywoods region. Being the most cold hardy of the southern pines, it is also drought tolerant and wind resistant due to its long taproot which also makes it difficult to transplant. It adapts to various soil types, but likes well-drained, adidic, sandy soil the best.
It is an important food source for wildlife. The wood is moderately heavy, firm and well-suited for many uses. It is used as structural timbers, pulp and planing-mill products. It is sometimes used as an ornamental tree in the landscape and is very attractive; however, the needles, cones and dead branches drop off frequently which can be an aggravation.
Desert Willow, Desert Catalpa, Flowering Willow, Orchid of the Desert (Chilopsis linearis), Bignoniaceae Family, Texas native, deciduous, blooms in April through September
I really love these trees and wished that I known about them when I first started landscaping my yard over 22 years ago. I would acquire them when in bloom to be sure that the color of the bloom is what you desire.
( Native ) Flowering Dogwood, ( Cornus florida ) Native distribution East Texas to Florida and north to Canada. Deciduous tree 15 to 25 feet tall. Bloom period March-June. Likes filtered sun to shade.
See plant files, http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/1045/index.html
( Native ) Mexican Plum, ( Prunus mexicana ) Central to East Texas ; Mexico.
15 to 25 feet high, deciduous, bloom period March-April, full sun to partial shade.
Beautiful white flowers in Spring before leaves appear.
See plant files; http://davesgarden.com/pf/showimage/67638/
( Native ) Laurel Cherry, ( Prunus caroliniana) Lovely evergreen tree 15 to 40 feet high, bloom March-April, full sun to partial shade. drought tolerant.
See plant files, http://davesgarden.com/pf/showimage/58905/
( Native ) Honey Locust, ( Gleditsia triacanthus ) Deciduous 30 to 70 feet, full sun, cold hardy. Has large thorns on trunk and branches, lovely fall color.
See plant files, http://davesgarden.com/pf/showimage/60633/
( Native ) Possum Haw, ( Ilex decidua ) Small tree to 20 feet, deciduous,
full sun, partial shade, shade, cold hardy. Red berries on female trees remain on the branches after the leaves fall and look stunning. Be sure to buy the tree in the Fall to make sure it is female and has berries.
See plant files, http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/58203/index.html
( Native ) Prairie Flameleaf Sumac, ( Rhus lanceolata ) Deciduous tree with beautiful fall color, up to 30 feet tall, drought tolerant, full sun. partial shade.
Fast growing tree.
See plant files, http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/73366/index.html
Prairie Crabapple, Wild Crabapple (Malus ioensis), Rosaceae Family,Texas native, deciduous, blooms in April through June, fruits are mature in September or October
This tree (or large shrub) can be found Texas in the Edwards Plateau region in central Texas growing in moist soils along streams, canyons, thickets, pastures, and woodland borders. It prefers prefers acid and neutral soils, but is adaptable to other types and grows at a slow rate. Due to its showy and fragrant flowers, prairie crab apple has been cultivated since 1885. The fruits are hard and sour, but have been used to make jellies, cider and vinegar. The fruits are eaten by several species of birds and mammals.
At the end of April, a lot of the fruit has already set. The fruit is eaten by songbirds, bobwhite quail, ring-neck pheasant, opossums, fox and other critters. The leaves serve as larval food for at least 4 kinds of butterflies. Note the fine hairs on the undersides of the leaves.
Texas Wild Olive, White Geiger, Anacahuita (Cordia boissieri), Boraginaceae Family, Texas native, evergreen, blooms late spring through early fall
This small tree (can be grown as a large shrub) is native to the southern most tip of the Rio Grande region of Texas. It can be grown as far north as San Antonio, but may freeze to the ground during an exceptionally cold winter in this area. Tip dieback occurs in the mid twenties and it is hardy to 18 degrees.
For more information, see its entry in the PlantFiles: http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/2246/index.html
The Mexican olive bloom is a clear white with a center varying from gold to an orangish color. The buds are a deep green with lighter green striations. This tree blooms almost nonstop.
Texas Huisache, Sweet Acacia (Acacia smallii), Mimosaceae Family, Texas native, semi-deciduous to deciduous, blooms in February through April
In Texas, it grows in the South Texas Plains and Edwards Plateau regions. It tolerates both desert and lawn plantings, is fast growing to 15-30 feet, prefers full sun, is hardy to about 15 to 20 degrees F. and can be trained as a multiple- or single-trunked tree. Not picky about soil types, sweet acacia is easy to grow in any acid or alkaline soil. Due to their desirable qualities which include fragrant blooms, shade, and dark green canopy, these trees are used in a wide array of landscape settings. They are great trees in wildscapes, xeriscapes and in the background of rock gardens. It is among the most widely used desert trees
The Acacia smallii is one of the first trees to bloom in San Antonio and signifies the onset of spring. The fragrant, deep yellow or gold (some call it mustard), 1/2 inch in diameter, puffball-shaped flowers are primarily composed of stamens.
Sycamore, Buttonwood,American Sycamore, American Planetree (Platanus occidentalis), Platanaceae Family, deciduous, blooms mid-spring through early summer
The American sycamore is sometimes confused with the several other trees in the same genus which are similar in appearance. If the tree has single seedpods, it is an American sycamore. If there are two seedpods together, it is a London planetree (Platanus X acerfolia). If there are 3-5 seedpods, it is an Oriental planetree (P. orientalis) which has the seedpods hanging like beads. All three have lobed maple-like leaves, but each is slightly different. American sycamore's leaf lobes are wider than long. London planetree's leaf lobes are about as wide as they are long. Oriental planetree's leaf lobes that are much longer than wide and deeply incised. London planetree is a hybrid between the American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) and the oriental planetree. It prefers moist, deep, rich soils in full sunl however, it is adaptable to a wide range of soils, including wet soils, dry soils, compacted soils and poor soils. If not receiving enough water and during very, very hot summers, the leaves will drop. It is a bit messy due to large leaves falling even in the summer, the seed balls, shedding bark and small twigs and branches that fall under it which have to be cleaned up.
Be careful where these trees are planted. The growing roots can clog sewers and damage sidewalks and driveways. The fallen leaves can clog drains. Also, be careful not to plant these fast growing trees too close to buildings and utility lines.
Sycamore, Buttonwood, American Sycamore, American Planetree (Platanus occidentalis)
Platanus occidentalis sycamore has thin bark that flakes which gives the trunk a mottled appearance with irregular brown, gray, white and green patches. This is the bark of the same tree, but higher up than the first photo. In the fall and winter, the tree's bark provides interest in the landscape.
Texas Red Oak, Spanish Oak, Spotted Oak, Red Oak, Rock Oak (Quercus buckleyi), Fagaceae Family, Texas native, deciduous, blooms in the spring
This medium-sized oak is related to the Shumard oak, Q. shumardii, and is in the black oak group. It is more drought tolerant than the Shumard oak, but less hardy. The Texas red oak is naturally found in an area located in central Texas. It was originally named Q. texana, which remains a synonym.
It usually reaches a height of 30 feet or more and a width of 30 feet or more.
Honey Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora), Mimosaceae Family, Texas native, deciduous, blooms mid-summer, may be a noxious weed or invasive
The most common shrub or small tree of the Desert Southwest, mesquite restores nitrogen to the soil. The bean pods can lie dormant for forty years and can be viable. The bean pods have been used by wildlife (especially deer), livestock and humans as a source of food. Believe it or not in late summer, it is estimated that over 75% of a coyote's diet is comprised of mesquite beans.
Native Americans counted upon the mesquite pod as a main source of food making ground meal called pinole, tea and syrup. The bark was employed in the production of medicines, fabrics and basketry. The yellowish-gold mesquite flowers produce a fragrant honey which is a favorite of bees and other insects.
A hated tree by many (large taproot and large root system uses up the moisture in the soil, thorny, invasive, seed pods make a mess, etc.) and loved by me. When the leaves fall from the mesquite, I know the first frost is not far behind. When the beautiful yellowih-green leaves sprout in spring, I know that the last frost has usually occurred and I start planting my frost sensitive plants. For some reason, it is frequently hit by lightening.
The original location of the Preston Trail (a precursor to the famed Chisholm Trail) can be followed by noting the numerous Mesquite growing in a line from South Texas to Preston Bend near Denison. It is especially easy to see from the air. Apparently the seed was in the hide and dung. An example of a native invasive species.
Silk Tree, Mimosa Tree, Pink Siris (Albizia julibrissin), Mimosaceae Family, (naturalized), deciduous, blooms in mid-summer, listed as an invasive plant in some states
I love the mimomsa tree. It is airy looking and the blooms are gorgeous, But, it has its pitfalls. It spreads out not up and may take a lot of training to fit into one's landscape, the dropping blooms can cause problems (debri on cars, sidewalks, other plants, etc.) as well as the seed pods. The branches break easily in high winds. Although it is listed as invasive in some states, my Mother's tree has never caused a problem.
Orchid tree, Napoleon's plume, butterfly flower, pink orchid tree, poor man's orchid (Bauhinia monandra), Caesalpiniaceae Family, naturalized, hardy in Zones 10-11, blooms April through July, shrub or small tree
Pink orchid tree can attain a height of 20 feet and has a spreading habit. The 4 to 6 inches across leaves are cleft almost to the middle which gives them the shape of a hoof print. In April through July, the blooms appear in terminal racemes. The blooms, which look like orchids, start out a pale yellow, but turn to pink the next day and the center petal is streaked with magenta. The seed are enclosed in pea-like pods which are between 6 inches and 1 foot long. Although not usually necessary, they can be pruned after flowering. Pink orchid trees sometimes suffer from chlorosis and may be treated with iron chelate.
The Chinese tallow provides wonderful fall color. I wished that I could have taken this photo 2 weeeks before a lot of the leaves dropped. I had to purchase a new camera. There are a few white blooms still on the tree in December.
Texas Flowery Senna, Flowering Senna, Flowery Senna, Tree Senna, Argentina Senna, Buttercup Bush (Senna corymbosa), Caesalpiniaceae Family, naturalized, can be evergreen in southern most zones, small tree/large shrub
Senna corymbosa, a native of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay, has attractive, pinnate, deep green leaves with huge clusters of rich buttercup yellow (yellow-gold) 1 inch or so blooms. It produces 3 to 4 inch seedpods in the fall. It is easy to grow, requires a sunny location in well drained soil and is very drought tolerant. In addition, it is a host to butterfly caterpillars. This plant would make a lovely addition to any landscape, especially wildscapes and xeriscapes.
Bead Tree, Persian Lilac, Pride of India, Pride of China, Chinaberry, Umbrella Tree, White Cedar, Paraiso, Indian Lilac, Lelah (Melia azedarach), Meliaceae Family, naturalized, deciduous, blooms from mid-spring through early summer, can be invasive
This tree prefers well drained, alkaline soils and is a very fast grower. I have many fond memories of the ones growing in my yard as a child. The blooms are beautiful and smell great. It has its drawbacks: the blooms and berries can make a mess when the fall, the limbs are brittle and break easily, suckers appear around its base, seeds itself prolifically, can be killed by root rot and is considered invasive in many locales.
The shiny, deep green, delicate leafed chinaberry tree brings back found memories of my youth when my six brothers and I would have chinaberry fights when the berries turned green. The blooms are beautiful. A not so good photo of one growing on a creek bank ...
Chinese Pistache, Chinese Pistachio (Pistacia chinensis), Anacardiaceae Family, naturalized, deciduous, blooms in spring
Chinese pistache has beautiful lightish green leaves and great fall color. It may need to be topped when first planted to encourage lateral branching. It grows very fast into a nice shade tree. Mine has been a bit messy when the fruit drop. I wish I had not planted it near my patio.
Castor Bean, Caster Oil Plant, Mole Bean, Higuera Infernal (Ricinus communis), Euphorbiaceae Family, naturalized, perennial, large shrub/small tree, blooms June through August, on invasive plant lists in California and Florida
Castor bean is a fast growing large shrub or small tree (can attain a height of 16 feet or more) which has beautiful foliage. It is one of the most toxic plants around and should be planted with caution in mind.
Texas madrone (Arbutus xalapensis), Ericaceae Family, Texas native, perennial, evergreen, blooms late winter through spring
This tree is has beautiful mahogany colored bark that peels in the winter. Its small bell-shaped blooms are white to pink and appear in clusters. They are followed by small orangish-red to red fruit that add winter interest.
Mexican Manzanita (Arctostaphylos pungens), Ericaceae Family, Texas native, evergreen, blooms January through March
Mexican manzanita (Arctostaphylos pungens) is also known as point-leaf manzanita, bear-berry, kinnikinnick, pinguica, palo de pinguica and Manzana. It natively inhabits woodlands, sunny woodland edges, rocky slopes, ridges and chaparrals. It often forms dense thickets. In Texas, it can be found in only two populations in the Trans-Pecos, although it grows west to California and north to Utah. Mexican manzanita is a low-maintenance plant and a lovely ornamental with its crooked branches for the landscape, but is difficult to find commercially.
htop, frostweed, what a lovely thread. There is a large shrub/small tree at my work that has large (fist sized) blossom clusters in a dark periwinkle/lilac. leaves are smallish. is it a laurel, perhaps?
You guys are great resources! These are all gorgeous trees. My oven experience, for those who may not have tried some of these, any of the Bird of Paradise trees are easy to grow, very forgiving and put on a great show! The Dessert Willow is also very forgiving- I got one last year as a birthday gift. I had always wanted one because I think they are beautiful- turns out they are not only pretty, but the flowers smell nice as well. That was news to me. My Anacacho Orchid, purchased last year, is young and had only a few flowers last year. Now it is covered with flowers. I love it and also it is easy to grow.
On my wish list for this year is Jeruselum Thorn- they are pretty. There is an apartment complex in Sugar Land that uses 3 or 4 of them along the parking lot- separates the parking lot from the street, so last year I watched them and while many other trees seemed to wither with the heat and drought, they were going strong and just beautiful.
Thanks for all the great pictures!
The Texas Mountain Laurel is one of my favorite small trees. My mother had one that was about 10' tall. It is such a slow grower that I've been looking for a large potted one otherwise I'll never live to see it reach a respectable size. I have a 4 year old that's about 6" tall because my DH has shredded it 3 times.
I need a large tomato cage. This year the little fig trees I planted in October will be in danger also. I mustn't forget the hose. It used to be one two hundred foot hose. There are 2 splices on it now. I hope my tickweed comes back this year. He got those several times last year , too. :-)
Orchid Tree, Purple Orchid Ttree, Mountain Ebony, Poor Man's Orchid (Bauhinia variegata), Caesalpiniaceae Family, naturalized, evergreen to deciduous, blooms late winter through early summer (intermittenly there after), considered a Category I invasive in Florida
This tree growing near downtown San Antonio has one of the most beautiful blooms I have ever seen. Most of the blooms are 4 to 5 inches across and the tree is covered with them right now. It has been blooming for some time. The blooms are followed by long seed pods. It is winter hardy to 22°F. The Purple Orchid tree does best in acidic soil and are off green under limey conditions and it is not tolerant of salty conditions.
Note: It is often mistaken for Bauhinia purpurea. Bauhinia variegata blooms have petals that overlap; whereas, B. purpurea bloom petals do not overlap. B. variegata blooms, which are self-pollinating, have 5 to 6 stamina (pl. for stamen); whereas, B. purpurea blooms have 3 to 4 stamina. There are other differences as well.
White Variegated Orchid Tree, White Butterfly Tree (Bauhinia variegata var. candida), Caesalpiniaceae Family, naturalized, evergreen to deciduous, blooms late winter through early summer (intermittenly there after)
This plant is covered which white blooms in the spring. It will bloom less heavily intermittenly throughout the summer and sometimes into early fall.
Cedar Elm, Olmo, Basket Elm, Scrub Elm, Lime Elm, Texas Elm, Southern Rock Elm (Ulmus crassifolia), Ulmaceae Family, Texas native, evergreen to deciduous, typically blooms August through September, fruit ripens from September to October (flowering dates have been reported as early as July and fruiting as late as November. When flowers appear in August, fruit ripens in September, and then a second flowering and fruiting may occur in October and November, respectively), known to cause severe allergy reactions similar to ragweed reactions
The cedar elm is used frequently as a street tree and small shade tree in the desert southwest due to its ability to survive in difficult soil types with very little care. It is relatively fast growing ang long living. If you need a vertical tree that is more tall than broad, cedar elm fits the bill. It is commonly named "cedar elm" because it is often found with ashe juniper which is locally called "cedar." Leaf fall is late in the year, often in early winter and It provides vivid yellow color to the landscape (except in the southern part of the tree's range where it is evergreen). Because the leaves are small and they decompose quickly, they do not need to be raked. It is one of two native Texas elms that flower and set seed in the fall.
Cedar Elm is the most widespread native elm in Texas. Growing in all areas of the eastern half of Texas, it can not be found natively in the extreme southeastern part. It usually is found on moist, limestone soils along water courses such as in flat river bottom areas (cedar elm flats') and wooded areas near riverbanks. But it also grows on dry limestone hills; however, the tree is small and scrubby in this environment. It grows in dense, poorly drained clay soils (vertisols) in central Texas. It is adaptable to various soils; but prefers moist to dry alkaline soils. It can be seen growing in sandy, sandy loam, medium loam, clay loam, clay, caliche type soils. Cedar elm can thrive in heavy, poorly drained clay soils and soils that are moderately compacted. .
Its twigs are pubescent and reddish brown. The brown to reddish, but more often gray, bark has ridges flattened and broken into thin, loose scales and only forms on mature trunks, limbs and branches after a minimum of 5 yrs. The oblique based leaves are small, 2.5 - 5 cm long and 1.3 - 2 cm wide.
The reddish-purple flowers are so small that they are inconspicuous. They are produced in fascicles of three to five on slender, pubescent pedicels located in the axils of the leaves. The red-to-green, hairy calyx is divided into four to eight equal and acute lobes. The stamen is composed of five or six slender filaments and reddish purple anthers. The green, 6 to 13 mm (0.25 to 0.5 in) long, pubescent fruit (samara) is oblong and flattened, with a deep notch at the apex. They mature quickly in the fall. The seed within samura are acute, unsymmetrical and covered with a dark chestnut brown coat. The seeds are disseminated by wind with germination occuring the following spring. Air-dried seeds may be stored at 4° C (39° F) for at least I year. Stratification at 5° C (41° F) for 60 to 90 days before sowing may increase germination rates. Because they are fall-ripening, plant after winter storage and stratification.
The seeds are part of the diet of several bird species. In south Texas, including chachalaca, pheasants, quail, songbirds and wild turkey. Dead cedar elms provide nesting sites for cavity-dwelling birds. It provides cover for wildlife and squirrels and deer eat the buds as well as the seeds. In addition, other small mammals eat the seeds. It is a larval host for the Mourning Cloak butterfly, Question Mark butterfly.
The wood is very strong and has good shock resistance so the lumber is mixed with other southern elm species and sold as r"ock elm". Rock elm is Ulmus thomasii; but, cedar elm goes by this name as well. Their specific gravity and shrinkage are quite similar. Furniture and fence posts are made from it. Because it is well suited to steam bending, it is used to make containers such as barrels, baskets, boxes and crates to name a few. Caskets and dairy, poultry, and apiary supplies are other products made from the wood.
Orchid Tree, Red Bauhinia, Nasturtium Bauhinia, African Plume, Pride of De Kaap (Bauhinia galpinii), Caesalpiniaceae Family, naturalized, evergreen to deciduous, large vine-likreshrub, small tree, blooms mid-summer through mid-fall
This tree with a vine-like growth habit is real traffic stopper in late summer and fall when it produces beautiful blooms which are a reddish-orange color that is defficult to describe. It can easily be trained into an attractive small tree or large shrub. In its native habitat (South Africa), the long fbranches are frequently used by the local people for weaving baskets and for the construction of roof trusses for their huts. Although, I have read it will not live in Zone 8b, I found one growing near downtoen San Antonio. I have stopped many times this fall to see the beautiful blooms. Until it is about 3 years old, it must be protected from freezes. It is not suitable for a small garden. Prune in early spring.
Sand-Paper Tree, Anacua, Knock-Away Tree
Ehretia anacua Boraginaceae (Borage family)
Anacua is an ornamental native tree found in south Texas, north to Travis County, and in Mexico. It is hardy to 10 degrees F. It is well adapted to Houston, and can be grown as far north as Dallas but will suffer from die back in hard winters. Anacua most often grows in calcareous soil but will thrive in arid, sandy soil. Very drought tolerant and generally not subject to disease.
Anacua can be up to 50 feet or more, but more often a moderate sized tree of 15-40 feet, often multi-trunked or with suckers clustering around the main stocky trunk. Mature trees have an interesting, gnarled, and stocky appearance with a dense, rounded crown. Anacua forms dense thickets in its natural habitat of alluvial woods, which is where I found it. Their extensive root system provides erosion control on stream beds and hillsides. Anacua’s moderate size works well for small front and side yards, and commercial plantings with limited space. Its only disadvantage is that the abundant berries can cause messy litter on walks, drives, and patios.
Thick furrowed bark separates into thin gray or reddish scales. Dark green oval-shaped pinnate, somewhat toothed leaves have a sandpapery feel. Provides heavy shade year around, with old leaf drop occurring in the Spring. Grass does not typically grow underneath them, but found many species of wildflowers growing underneath them in the woods
Anacua has two main flowering periods: April/May and again August/ September. Fragrant star flowers are held in large showy white clusters at the ends of branches. Ripened fruit of orange-red drupes, ¼-1/4 inches wide, appear about six weeks later, and are quite showy against the contrasting dark foliage. Birds are very fond of the fruit, which is edible to humans as well.
The flowers do not last long on the trees and as you can see I actually missed the flowers this year. I am hoping for another short burst with that last rain. You can also see some of the branches have been burned back by that three day run of real cold weather we had here in the hill country.
Escarpment Black Cherry, Prunus serotina var. eximia is found in the Edwards Plateau and can grow up to 45 to 50 feet. It's often found along creeks or other occasionally moist areas. The leaves turn yellow in the fall.It flowers in mid-spring, with long clusters of white flowers hanging from branches and small berries are later found to attract wildlife. It's a host plant for certain butterfly species. In the hilly dry-creek area I live in, it's fairly common. I suspect the wildlife in the area help spread the seeds.
Carolina Buckthorn, Rhamnus caroliniana is a large shrub or small tree to 30 feet tall. Its habitat is often moist woods, bottomlands and along streams. It can also grow in drier areas, such as in the Hill Country. It has small, light green flowers in the late springtime or early summer. The berries vary, earlier on green, then may turn pink or reddish, or just turn dark and black. The berries aren't edible to humans, although some birds eat them.
Tree tobacco is small, evergreen tree or shrub with a loose-branching habit. It grows between 6 and 25 feet tall; however, it is usually between 6 and 15 feet tall. The opposite, smooth, large lance-shaped leaves appear on short stalks and clasp the stems. The thickish, oblong, silvery blue-green, rubbery leaves are opposite each other low on the branches. Lacking stalks, the upper leaves lie in an upward angle against the branches. They become smaller as they near the end of the branches near the flowering portion. The bark has a waxy coating.
Tree tobacco usually blooms from mid-March through November; however, in warm climates it will bloom all year. The up to 2-inch (5 cm) long, tubular flowers are loosely clustered at the branch tips. The flowers attract hummingbirds and are pollinated by butterflies and moths.
Nicotiana glauca is propagated by cuttings or by seed. Seed should be surface-sown because they need light to germinate. They can be sown in the spring; however, for an earlier and, thus, longer bloom time, start the seeds about 8 to10 weeks before the usual last frost date.
Tree tobacco contains the toxic alkaloid anabasine and all parts of the evergreen plant are toxic year-round. In Texas, cattle and horses are most frequently poisoned. Tree tobacco has been publicized as a safe, hallucinogenic plant on some internet websites; however, smoking and/or ingesting the plant has lead to death. The use of Nicotiana glauca derivatives is being studied as a possible treatment for nicotine addiction because it does not contain nicotine.