Photo by Melody

Pass-Along Houseplants: Grow a Jungle of Hanging Baskets from Cuttings

By Jill M. Nicolaus (critterologistDecember 23, 2008

Hanging baskets are one of the easiest ways to have plants inside your home. They donít take up floor space, and you can put them out of reach of kids and pets. But how do you achieve lushly planted baskets without breaking the bank? Pass-along plants! Many common varieties of houseplants root readily from cuttings and make ideal hanging basket subjects.

Gardening picture


Pass-along plants are a favorite feature of both my outside garden and my houseplant collection. Not only are they free, they're also usually easygoing plants that are readily propagated and grow well in a variety of conditions. In addition, pass-along plants carry the memory of the person or place they came from, and that makes them special.

My hanging basket plants started with a big spider plant from a discount store and a few sprigs of green trailing philodendron from my dear friend next door. Although I've added a few purchased plants, most of the trailers filling my mixed containers have been passed along to me as gifts or trades. My green and purple wandering jew came home in a paper cup from a BBQ place. Many of my other trailers came from DG friends. I've passed along a lot of snips from my plants in turn.shows part of a platter on my counter crowded with vases of spider plant, wandering jew, and other cuttings

When you're rooting cuttings in water, change the water regularly to keep it fresh. Once roots are a quarter inch or longer, the cuttings can be potted up. Sometimes, I'll pot cuttings up one or two at a time in little 2-inch pots and transplant them once they've filled those pots with roots. Other times I'll use a shortcut method, taking clumps of cuttings and put them directly into larger pots. If I only have one or two cuttings available, I don't take shortcuts. But if I'm propagating from my own plants I usually have plenty of material.

small basket with silver-spotted heart-shaped foliage of Satin Pothos

I'd like to introduce you to some of my easy-to-grow favorites.

Wandering jew adds fast growing color and texture to mixed baskets. In addition to the familiar solid green, green and white striped, and purple varieties, you'll find smaller-leafed cultivars such as ‘Tricolor' (pink and cream). Root cuttings in water or moist potting mix.

Pothos vines are the toughest houseplants I kn
ow. They're commonly found in green and gold-variegated colors. Brighten corners with silvery variegated cultivars such as ‘Marble Queen' and ‘Satin'. Pothos will grow in any light, even in a windowless office lit only by fluorescent ceiling fixtures. Cuttings root quickly in water.

shiny green swedish ivy and big dangling variagated spiderSwedish ivy will branch if you pinch it back to make a wonderful filler as well as a trailer for a container. I love the bright apple-green color and shiny scalloped leaves. It seems to do well with both wet and dry soils, so it makes a good companion for a lot of other plants.  mostly cream variegated swedish ivy potted with Christmas cactus cuttingRoot cuttings in water or moist potting mix.

Spider plants most often are seen in variegated or solid green forms. I also have a slower-growing ‘Hawaiian Spider' and an adorable curly version, ‘Bonnie'. The "spiders" can be snipped off the mother plant and root readily in an inch of water or in moist potting mix. Curly spider in basket with lots of dangling spidersMy kitty enjoys "pruning" these plants for me to keep them under control. I'm not too concerned, as I've been told spider plants aren't toxic. They are also especially good plants for cleaning and freshening inside air.

Coleus are often included in my summer window boxes and containers, and I especially love trailing varieties. They are easy to overwinter by rooting cuttings in water to tuck here and there in your hanging baskets. big basket of christmas cactus with hot pink bloomsPinch them often to promote branching, and you'll be able to clip a lot of little tip cuttings for your spring planting.

Christmas cactus works nicely in the center of a mixed hanging basket or as a single-specimen planting. I like the texture of the succulent foliage when it's not in bloom. Pair it with spider plants, Swedish ivy, or another succulent such as an ice plant or sedum with similar water requirements.  closeup of bright red Christmas Cactus bloomTo propagate, take two or three "segment" cuttings (just twist or break to separate segments) and stick the base of the cutting below the surface of moist potting mix.

Philodendrons come in large upright cultivars but also in smaller trailing versions. Heart-leafed types come in green, lime, burgundy, and variegated shades. ‘Pink Princess' and lime-splashed ‘Brasil' are striking cultivars that may grow more slowly. Root cuttings in water or in moist potting mix.

green, burgundy, and lime colored Rex begonia in basket with a bit of trailing coleusCane and rex begonias like a little more moisture than some of the above plants, so don't let them get too dry between waterings. They can be propagated from leaf cuttings, or you can separate rooted crowns from the main clump of the plant (easy to do when you're repotting). silver spotted leaf and peach bloom of angelwing begoniaEven unrooted crowns will usually strike roots in moist potting mix, especially with a baggie over them for extra humidity.

There are a lot of other possible plants to add to hanging baskets. By starting with some of the above, mixing and matching among the different colors and cultivars available, you'll soon have a wonderful assortment of foliage baskets.

When your hanging baskets need a trim, pop the cuttings into a vase of water. That way, when a friend admires your lovely plants, you'll be able to send them home with an assortment of rooted cuttings to pot up. Before they know it, they'll be on their way to a pass-along jungle of their own!

 assortment of hanging baskets in front of a sunny double window


Photos by Jill M. Nicolaus.

Move your mouse over the images for additional information.

  About Jill M. Nicolaus  
Jill M. NicolausBetter known as "Critter" on DG, Jill lives in Frederick, MD, where she tries to fit as many plants as possible into a suburban back yard. The birds are mobbing our feeders lately, so Sunshine Girl and I have a job keeping the Flyby Cafe' open for business! This year, we put out a special feeder just for the squirrels, filled with a seed & corn blend. We still see them acrobatically snatching food from the other feeders, but at least now they let the birds get a beak in edgewise! (Images in my articles are from my photos, unless otherwise credited.)

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