Photo by Melody
Congratulations to all our photo contest participants! Check out the winning photos here. We will have the 2015 calendars available to order from Zazzle soon.

Clematis: A colorful introduction to cultivars of Clematis

By Susanne Talbert (art_n_gardenMay 29, 2014
bookmark

Clematis is a fascinating, antique genus of climbers that adds color and grace to any vertical surface in your garden. This is a brief introduction to some popular as well as lesser known Clematis cultivars you should know.

Gardening picture

As a general rule, clematis love partial to full sun and are extremely hardy plants; In fact, most thrive in Zones 3-9. Take a look through these pictures, organized by color, and see what you like. You might want to get a paper towel for the drool before you scroll down. You can click on the photographs for a link to the Plant Files entry on each variety where you can find more information on growing conditions and pruning groups. Remember, these are just a few of my favorites and I've included history and care on several.

Reds and Pinks

Nelly Moser (also pictured above right)

A standard in any Clematis collection, Nelly Moser is one of the most well-recognized and used Clematis out there. Introduced in 1897, this vine is very hardy, vigorous, and easy to grow. Make sure the roots are shaded or cool and you should have a blooming machine within a few years. (Pruning Group 2)

Image

 

Comtesse de Bouchaud
Image

Comtesse de Bouchaud (pronounced Boo-SHOW) is a very prolific mid- to late-summer bloomer with pale pink to mauve medium sized flowers. It is an excellent choice for a

sunny trellis or wall, though it doesn't get much taller than 7-8'. Part of the Jackmanii family, Comtesse de Bouchaud is in pruning Group 3 and blooms on new growth.

It is readily available and very well known among clematis gardeners. If pink is what you desire, Comtesse de Bouchaud will not dissappoint.

 

Markham's Pink

Image

 

Ernest Markham

With a gorgeous large, red-violet blossom and a vigorous, tall vine, Ernest Markham is a good choice for arbors, pergolas or trellises. This clematis will bloom from late Spring to early Fall and can be pruned in Group 2 or 3 (1).

Image

 

Niobe

Image

With deep scarlet red flowers, this prolific bloomer adds great contrast to any garden.

Niobe (pronounced Ny-o-bee) is an early large flowering variety and straddles 2 and 3 pruning groups.

It is one of the smaller clematis, so it makes a great container or patio vine.

 

Hagley's Hybrid

Image

 

Princess Diana (C. texensis)

Princess Diana has small, nodding bell-shaped rose blooms appearing from mid summer to early fall. Being in the Texensis family, this clematis is very heat tolerant and excellent for southern gardens. Princess Diana is in Pruning Group 3, needing hard pruning in early spring.

Image

 

Purples and Blues

Belle of Woking

Belle of Woking is a member of the early large-flowering group. It blooms double lavender on the previous year's growth from May to July and single blooms on new growth later in the summer. Belle of Woking was introduced in 1881 in the United Kingdom (2).

Image

 

Jackmanii

Image

 

One of the more widely used clematis, Jackmanii boasts deep violet blooms on a vigorous vine. In Pruning Group 3, this large late-flowering variety is fairly picky about having its roots shaded with its vine in full sun. This is a standard favorite of many clematis lovers and is readily available at retailers.

 

 

 

 

 

Floralia

A native of Siberia, Mongolia and China, Floralia blooms in spring on last year's growth, putting it in Pruning Group 1. C. macropetala and its cultivars are excellent for trellises and fences (3).

Image

 

C. alpina

Clematis alpina is a native species from the European Alps which is now grown as multiple different cultivars offering a range of colors. The original species C. alpina flowers purplish-blue bell-shaped nodding blooms and can grow up to 6-8'. It is an excellent choice for smaller garden plots or containers (4).


Image


Pamela Jackman is a good example of a more recent cultivar of this species. Others include Pink Flamingo, Constance, Cyanea, and Frankie.

Negritianka

Image

 

C. macropetala

Image

 

Clematis macropetala is a native species to China, Mongolia and Siberia. The small, early blooming flowers are semi-double blue and nod downward very similar to C. alpina (5).

 

 

 

 

Venosa Violacea

Image

Also known as Violet Star Gazer, this knockout beauty was introduced in 1884 in France. A cross between C. florida and C. viticella, Venosa Violacea is a vigorous climber and profuse bloomer (6). (Pruning Group 3)

 

Elsa Spaeth                                     Pamela Jackman

Image          Image 

 

White

Apple Blossom

This evergreen climber boasts pale pink to white blooms in spring on last year's growth (Pruning Group 1). As one DGer notes, the buds look like "pink pearls" and "then open into a profusion of light pink flowers about 1.5 inches across."

Image

Duchess of Edinburgh

Talk about an antique! This stunning double-bloomer was introduced in 1874 in England.

This early large-flowered variety is a compact grower and is in Pruning Group 2.

Image

 

 

 

 

 

 

Henryi

Image

 

Joe

Joe is an interesting, somewhat new addition to the world of Clematis. Its evergreen foliage is more deeply cut than most clematis, almost fern-like. Joe happens to be a male vine (dioecious) and therefore will never set seed and can only be propagated by cutting, according to the Plant Files. Joe, named for Joe Cartman who produced this variety, is a hybrid of New Zealand native clematis and is only hardy to Zone 7 (7).

Image

 

Arctic Queen

Image

 

 

Yellows

Helios

Image

 

Radar Love

Radar Love is well-known both for it's nodding bright yellow blooms as well as its silvery "poof" seed pods that grace it in fall. Radar Love is in Pruning Group 3, which means you have to prune hard in early spring to encourage new growth and blooming.

Image Image

 

Bi-colored

 

Sieboldii

Also known as Bicolor or Choirboy, Sieboldii clematis is a stunner for warmer regions. Only harder to Zone 7, Sieboldii has pale yellow to pure white petals with deep violet, fringed sepals and chartreuse stamens.

Image

 

VienettaImage

 

A close, but hardier relative of Sieboldii (though still only Zone 6-7 hardy), Vientetta bares a striking resemblance to Passionflower. This beauty blooms from spring to mid summer bright white petals with unique sprays of double purple sepals and a chartreuse center.

 

 

Piilu

Piilu means "little duckling" in Estonian, where this stunning cultivar is from. Early in the season, blooms are double and later in the season turn to single blooms. Not only is this bicolor variety a knockout, it is also one of the hardiest clematis, to Zone 2 if you can even find weather that cold (8)!

Image

Josephine


Image

 

Be sure to check out paulgrow's article on Pruning Groups so that you can keep your choice Clematis going strong from season to season.

 

Photo credits:

Negritianka - Doss Piilu - Wallaby1Hagley's Hybrid - Gloryvine
Markham's Pink - KiniphofiaVenosa Violacea- KellJosephine - Xeriscape8321
Princess Diana - violabirdDuchess of Edinburg - victorgardenerPamela Jackman - Todd_Boland
Joe Cartmanii - Todd_BolandNiobe - TBGDNNienetta - PudgyMudpies
Henryi -Night_Bloom Ernest Markham - LilyofavonhillRadar Love - OhioBreezy, Dawndoll2
Jackmanii - hczone6 Sieboldii - gldandrews Elsa Spaeth - gardenwife
Comtesse de Bouchaud - art_n_gardenHelios - GalanthophileFloralia - Galanthophile
Belle of Woking - DeaNelly Moser - CullinArctic Queen- CaptMicha
Appleblossom - Bootandall   
   
   

 

Citations

1. http://www.clematis-nursery.com/

2. http://www.clematis.com.pl/wms/wmsg.php/321.html&plant_number=304

3. http://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/pda_033f.html

4. http://clematisinternational.com/beglist.html

5. http://clematisinternational.com/beglist.html

6. http://clematisinternational.com/prevtoc.html (december 2006)

7. http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/clematis/page05.htm

8. http://www.clematisnursery.com/detail.aspx?ID=123

(Editor's Note: This article was originally published on June 25, 2008. Your comments are welcome, but please be aware that authors of previously published articles may not be able to respond to yoru questions.)  

 

 


  About Susanne Talbert  
Susanne TalbertI garden in beautiful Colorado Springs, half a mile from Garden of the Gods. Since we bought our first house two years ago, I have been busy revamping my 1/4 acre of ignored decomposed granite. My garden passions include water gardening, vines, super-hardy perennials, and native xerics. By day, I am a high school ceramics teacher as well as a ceramicist and painter.

  Helpful links  
Share on Facebook Share on Stumbleupon

[ Mail this article | Print this article ]

» Read articles about: Perennial Flowers, Vines, Clematis, Clematis Jackmanii

» Read more articles written by Susanne Talbert

« Check out our past articles!



Discussion about this article:
SubjectTopic StarterRepliesViewsLast Post
My Clematis are all dying useorlose 2 47 Jul 11, 2013 10:16 AM
No luck with Clematis turnerflorida 2 38 Oct 1, 2008 5:14 PM
Clematis Mystery freebird52 0 46 Jul 3, 2008 9:27 PM
Great!!! dahlianut 6 50 Jul 1, 2008 5:37 PM
Clematis Confuse Me claregirl 3 81 Jul 1, 2008 4:29 PM
Clematis kim11261 1 21 Jun 30, 2008 11:48 PM
a little confused mrs_colla 2 53 Jun 26, 2008 3:56 PM
Wonderful onewish1 1 33 Jun 25, 2008 10:04 PM
You cannot post until you login.


We recommend Firefox
Overwhelmed? There's a lot to see here. Try starting at our homepage.

[ Home | About | Advertise | Media Kit | Mission | Featured Companies | Submit an Article | Terms of Use | Tour | Rules | Privacy Policy | Contact Us ]

Back to the top

Copyright © 2000-2014 Dave's Garden, an Internet Brands company. All Rights Reserved.
 

Hope for America