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The Mulberry Tree: Is it a Friend or a Foe? Is it Wonderful Fruit or Free Bird Food?

By April (Aunt_AMay 23, 2010

Like a berry on a tree, swinging softly in the breeze. Will the blue jay and the redbird eat my pie before it can be? Dear mulberry tree, I love you, but your wine stain brings me to my knees.

Gardening picture(Editor's Note:  This article was originally published on March 18, 2008.)

Mulberry Trees

The mulberry tree is loved by silkworms, birds and humans alike. As you can see below, the fruits resemble black berries more than fruit that we typically expect from a tree. According to Dave's Garden PlantFiles the tree is from the Moraceae, which refers to the Morus (mulberry) genus. The ripe fruit is used in jams,  jellies, pies and wines. In the picture show below, the black-purple fruits are ripe while the others are in various stages of ripeness.

Image Image

      Photo by Thaumaturgist

There are many varieties of mulberry trees, including trees that produce berries as large as a man's thumb. Most of the mulberry trees that I have seen in Oklahoma produce fruit only about a third as large as that; slightly larger than the smallest fruit in the picture above. Some trees produce a dark purple fruit, while others produce a reddish color fruit. Another variety produces an off-white fruit. Notice the main picture in the article (also repeated below); this showcases both the dark purple and the white berries. The red and dark purple berries taste like medium- (not strong) flavored blackberries. By this, I mean that the fruit is not as tasty as most berries. I have heard that different types of mulberry trees have more flavorful berries. The white berries, although not as attractive to birds, are "honey" sweet. 

 ImagePhoto by Ikz5ia

 Beware if you choose to plant a purple or red mulberry tree. Not only does the berry itself stain anything it touches, but droppings from a bird that has snacked on mulberries will stain as well. You should plant the tree away from driveways and walking paths. The same stain that causes such headaches for homeowners is a natural red and/or purple dye. I have not tested the strength of the dye but I am considering extracting some of the color while still using the berries. I believe that the berries would make wonderful shades of purple and pink to spark up foods, soaps and baskets.

I have heard that the mulberry fruits pack some potent anti-bacterial and fungal fighting natural compounds, as do most fruits. I have also read that the leaves, fruit and bark of the mulberry Tree all have been used for medicinal purposes. However, I have also read that the leaves and unripe berries may have slight hallucinogenic properties. Some people report that they have allergies to the mulberry pollen and/or to the berries.

Mulberry trees are quite adaptable to many gardening zones and conditions. My mother remembers trees with large mulberries growing in upstate New York. They also grow in Oklahoma.  I have seen mulberry trees flourishing in soil that other plants hate. They grow in partial shade and in full sun, although the ones in full sun seemed to produce more berries. One tree that we saw while showing houses about 6 years ago was the largest mulberry tree we have ever seen; it must have been about 80 feet tall. Most of the other mulberry trees have been significantly smaller. I have been thinking about experimenting with growing a mulberry tree espalier since the berries resemble typical vine fruits.


My mother and I transplanted a mulberry tree years ago. We thought the tree was dead, but we talked to it, commanded it to live, blessed it and prayed for it. The tree lived. Although it is not very tall, it has produced berries for many years. Since that time, I have heard that large cuttings of the mulberry tree will root nicely.

My mother usually gives us some of the harvest of her tree, since at the moment, I no longer own a mulberry tree. This last winter, after a horrible Oklahoma ice storm, I was forced to throw out the thawed 2007 crop of mulberries, which I had frozen. Try some mulberries added to any of your favorite pies or cobblers or make some wonderful mulberry jam. This fruit grows without a lot of extra care and you'll be delighted to say that the berries in your pie were grown in your garden.

If you don't care to harvest the fruit yourself you might want to consider planting a mulberry tree in an out-of the way area for free bird food for your fine feathered friends. If you look closely, hidden among the branches of a mulberry tree, you might catch a glimpse of a mockingbird, cardinal, blue jay, robin, finch or another bird nestled among the branches, enjoying a delicious snack of mulberry pie without the crust.

Mulberries are a wonderful addition to your garden. May your mulberry trees grow well and produce tons of fruit for you and the birds to enjoy.


The photo to the right above, is by Thaumaturgist. 


The pictures shown here are all from Dave's Garden PlantFiles. Thank you to both ikz5i and to Thaumaturgist for the use of their wonderful photos. These photos, and the mulberry Ttee design created by me, are all copyrighted.



  About April  
AprilThe garden in my head is better than the one in my yard. However, I plant at least one tree every year and have left every home with a little more green than it had before. I hope you enjoy reading these articles as much as I enjoy writing them. Editor's note: Aunt_A passed away on 12-06-2010. We will miss her greatly and are thankful for her legacy of wonderful articles.

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Discussion about this article:
SubjectTopic StarterRepliesViewsLast Post
Mulberry trees in El Paso, Texas yrrej 0 1 Sep 2, 2014 10:28 AM
My Love/Hate Of The Mulberry Tree RBird 7 96 Aug 31, 2013 3:11 PM
Health Hazzard! markblanchard13 7 126 Jul 12, 2013 11:03 PM
Love them MitchF 8 103 Jun 13, 2012 9:11 PM
I vote NO on mulberry trees honestabby 0 11 Aug 14, 2011 11:07 AM
insects on mulberries want_a_garden 2 10 May 9, 2011 4:42 PM
Argh! Mulberry trees! LTilton 8 159 Jun 16, 2010 10:05 AM
About Testing Dye DreamOfSpring 3 29 May 30, 2010 4:15 PM
Mulberry Trees YardBurd 3 54 May 29, 2010 12:03 PM
Hi have you tried netting rosewood513 1 17 May 29, 2010 12:03 PM
stain removal willo777 1 31 May 29, 2010 12:03 PM
The Orchard Decoy bookwormer401 1 16 May 29, 2010 12:01 PM
MULBERRY TREE MEMORIES docgipe 1 8 May 29, 2010 12:00 PM
Stemmy, but yummy! WAHawk 1 15 May 29, 2010 12:00 PM
Mulberries eskarp 1 14 May 29, 2010 11:59 AM
Not just for the birds! JulieQ 1 18 May 29, 2010 11:59 AM
Mulberry Tree carnolian 1 14 May 29, 2010 11:57 AM
Bright pink custard! :) chrissy100 14 140 May 29, 2010 11:56 AM
Mulberry Tree & Sulcata Tortoise juniperberry 1 11 May 29, 2010 11:53 AM
mulberries for the birds sandskl 1 11 May 29, 2010 11:52 AM
Squirrels like 'em too... robslatt4567 1 4 May 29, 2010 11:52 AM
My Mulberry and Me Toots136 1 5 May 29, 2010 11:51 AM
Mulberry leaves disappearing worrier_queen 1 19 Aug 18, 2009 12:59 AM
mulberry stems GEH 1 28 Jun 28, 2009 3:08 AM
mulberry fruit rmcc 2 32 Jun 19, 2009 1:54 PM
Buy Mulberry Tree Moras Nigra? PaminMissouri 7 90 Feb 26, 2009 9:15 PM
Purple Feet! critterologist 3 59 Sep 15, 2008 10:05 AM
Mulberry Syrup recipe needed SDakotavicki 1 27 Jul 3, 2008 5:17 AM
Mulberry trees jvdl1 0 49 Apr 14, 2008 8:24 PM
Mulberry: My bane Deus 0 40 Apr 1, 2008 12:51 AM
Mulberry Tree wormfood 0 33 Mar 25, 2008 1:33 AM
Beside the driveway. DaddyNature 0 33 Mar 24, 2008 10:28 PM
Let the fruiting begin! nakedgardener 2 45 Mar 24, 2008 5:00 PM
That tree's days are numbered ic_conifers 3 98 Mar 19, 2008 1:27 PM
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