Viceroy (Basilarchia archippus)

Order: Lepidoptera (le-pid-OP-ter-a) (Info)
Family: Nymphalidae (nim-FAL-ih-dee) (Info)
Genus: Basilarchia
Species: archippus


This bug has been reportedly found in the following regions:

Barling, Arkansas
Pueblo, Colorado
Bartow, Florida
Jacksonville, Florida
Lutz, Florida
Palm Harbor, Florida
Divernon, Illinois
La Grange Park, Illinois
Westchester, Illinois
Coatesville, Indiana
Florence, Mississippi
Lincoln, Nebraska
Hudson, New Hampshire
Kingston, New York
Concord, North Carolina
Cincinnati, Ohio
Glouster, Ohio
Stilwell, Oklahoma
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
Garland, Texas
Keller, Texas
Charlottesville, Virginia
Show all

Members' Notes:


On Oct 2, 2011, themikesmom wrote:

I had never seen any Monarchs or Viceroys in this area of the Southeastern United States, in Central NC until today, when we saw a beautiful huge monarch all by himself and he looked totally exhausted and on the verge of dying, he certainly didnt look like he would have enough energy to fly all the way down to the rainforests of Mexico, which is where I understand they migrate too; for the cold winter months here in the States . Again it was really nice to see one, as up until now, had only seen Monarchs in the NE US, and had only seen yellow or blue Eastern Swallowtail butterflys and Red Spotted Purples here in NC. it was a great sight to behold, although depressing, as it looked like it was tired, and on its way out. Sandra.


On Jun 29, 2009, tabasco from Cincinnati (Anderson Twp), OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

We see these flying through the property, but they are difficult for me to distinguish from the monarchs when they are on the move.

The notes in "Common Butterflies & Skippers of Ohio", Ohio DNR, p.46, state that "Viceroys are smaller than monarchs and have a more rapid, less buoyant flight, holding their wings flat when gliding rather than the v-shaped glide of the monarch." And generally, that is how I can tell the difference between the two. 'CB&SO' goes on to state that viceroys can often be found near stands of willows, which serve as their hosts plants here in Ohio. We have five small willows here in our yard but I have yet to find eggs on them.

Viceroys overwinter here in the larval stage.


On Mar 26, 2009, Meredith79 from Southeastern, NH (Zone 5b) wrote:

Often confused with Monarchs at first glance. If you would like a better chance of seeing one, put out a rotten fruit tray for them. Or leave some composted cow manure where they can find it. Sounds gross but it works.


On Apr 23, 2008, aggscott from Wilkes Barre, PA (Zone 6a) wrote:

I find these little guys all over the Willow in the woods near my house..they sit usually right on the end of the leaf. Very easy to raise if you want to take them in and help them out.


On Jul 24, 2006, okus from (Zone 8b) wrote:

Rich Russett-Orange with Black Veins A black line usually curving across the hindwing. White spotted black borders and white spots surrounded by black in a diagnal band across Fore Wing Tip. The colour ranges from Pale Tawny in the Great Basin to Rich Mahogany in Florida.

The similar Monarch, Queen and Tropic Queen lack the black line across the Hind Wing.