Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

Order: Lepidoptera (le-pid-OP-ter-a) (Info)
Family: Papilionidae (pap-ill-lee-ON-ih-dee) (Info)
Genus: Papilio (pap-ILL-ee-oh) (Info)
Species: glaucus


This bug has been reportedly found in the following regions:

Mobile, Alabama
Vincent, Alabama
Deer, Arkansas
Little Rock, Arkansas
Marion, Arkansas
North Little Rock, Arkansas
Colorado Springs, Colorado
Denver, Colorado
New Milford, Connecticut
Bear, Delaware
Ellendale, Delaware
Apopka, Florida
Brooksville, Florida (2 reports)
Cape Coral, Florida
Deland, Florida
Jacksonville, Florida
Lutz, Florida
Orlando, Florida
Palm Coast, Florida
Palm Harbor, Florida
Quincy, Florida
Tallahassee, Florida
Tampa, Florida
Byron, Georgia
Cornelia, Georgia
Dacula, Georgia
Dallas, Georgia
Algonquin, Illinois
Cary, Illinois
Cherry Valley, Illinois
Chester, Illinois
Chicago, Illinois
Divernon, Illinois
Elmhurst, Illinois
Galva, Illinois
La Grange Park, Illinois
Oak Lawn, Illinois
Park Forest, Illinois
Princeton, Illinois
Rock Falls, Illinois
Westchester, Illinois
Farmersburg, Indiana
Indianapolis, Indiana
Jeffersonville, Indiana
Macy, Indiana
Inwood, Iowa
Yale, Iowa
Benton, Kentucky
Cadiz, Kentucky
Ewing, Kentucky
Goshen, Kentucky
Hebron, Kentucky
Denham Springs, Louisiana
La Place, Louisiana
Durham, Maine
Crofton, Maryland
Fallston, Maryland
Frederick, Maryland
Linthicum Heights, Maryland
Oakland, Maryland
Rockville, Maryland
Halifax, Massachusetts
Swansea, Massachusetts
Royal Oak, Michigan
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Wayzata, Minnesota
Florence, Mississippi
Lucedale, Mississippi
Madison, Mississippi
Ocean Springs, Mississippi
Ripley, Mississippi
Tupelo, Mississippi
Wiggins, Mississippi
Cole Camp, Missouri
Lincoln, Nebraska
Hudson, New Hampshire
Maplewood, New Jersey
Marlton, New Jersey
Brooklyn, New York
Himrod, New York
, Newfoundland and Labrador
Cary, North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Concord, North Carolina
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Greensboro, North Carolina
Mooresville, North Carolina
Oxford, North Carolina
Pittsboro, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina
Bucyrus, Ohio
Cincinnati, Ohio
Columbus, Ohio
Medina, Ohio
Newark, Ohio
Kellyville, Oklahoma
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Alexandria, Pennsylvania
Middleburg, Pennsylvania
Monongahela, Pennsylvania
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
Lexington, South Carolina
Okatie, South Carolina
Saint Matthews, South Carolina
Lebanon, Tennessee
Pocahontas, Tennessee
Arlington, Texas
Desoto, Texas
Fort Worth, Texas
Garland, Texas
Harker Heights, Texas
Houston, Texas
Lewisville, Texas
Lufkin, Texas
Mc Kinney, Texas
Leesburg, Virginia
Roanoke, Virginia
Liberty, West Virginia
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Show all

Members' Notes:


On Sep 1, 2010, themikeman from Concord, NC (Zone 7a) wrote:

Very beautiful, especially the female that has the brilliant blue on the bottom edges of her wings. these love my 'laura' phlox and my purple butterfly bush..mike.


On May 12, 2008, twopuppies from Chester, IL wrote:

It really depends upon where you look to see seemingly pipevine swallowtails- Red spotted purples are very similar as are Diana fritillaries(though the Diana's are quite a bit larger and very rare in most places). As far as swallowtails the spicebush and black swallowtails are very similar as well. The pipevine swallowtails have a distinctive flight pattern and a very different color if you know what to look for. Net them and take a closer look! Here in places where Tiger swallowtails are common perhaps 80% of the black butterflys on red clover are tigers one of two percent are pipevines and the rest are other species of swallowtails with an occasional dark Danaid or Speyeria. Milkweed is the place for me to find pipevines and I see many spicebush swallowtails on wild mints.


On Jan 23, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

This butterfly is very common in the Eastern United States. Adult forms comes out mid to late summer. Tend to be solitary, moving over a large range, mainly searching trees and other plants for the right host to lay eggs. Comes to flowers of a wide variety. I have notice it feeding on petunias and joe pye weeds in my yard and a wide variety of butterfly flowers in public gardens. There are also a black phase - books said that only females can be in this phase - copy pipevine swallowtails pretty good - only faint marks can be seen - giving the butterfly a bit more lighter color appearance. Maybe 10 to 20% of all seemly pipevine swallowtail that we see are actually black phase of tiger swallowtail?


On Aug 16, 2006, Magpye from NW Qtr, AR (Zone 6a) wrote:

Wing span: 3 5/8 - 6 1/2 inches (9.2 - 16.5 cm).

Identification: Male is yellow with dark tiger stripes. Female has 2 forms: one yellow like the male and the other black with shadows of dark stripes. Hindwing of both female forms has many iridescent blue scales and an orange marginal spot. On the underside of forewing of both female forms the row of marginal spots has merged into a continuous band.

Life history: Males patrol for receptive females. Females lay eggs singly on host leaves. Caterpillars eat leaves and rest on silken mats in shelters of curled leaves. Chrysalids overwinter.

Flight: 3 flights from February-November in Deep South; 2 flights from May-September in north.

Caterpillar hosts: Leaves of various plants includin... read more


On Aug 4, 2006, Dea from Frederick, MD (Zone 6a) wrote:

If you look at the back wings of this species and see blue, you will know it is a female.


On Jul 24, 2006, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A very large butterfly with a wingspan of up to 5 7/8", the Tiger Swallowtail is one of the most striking of all of the North American butterflies.

Found east of the Rocky Mountains and the caterpillar eats the foliage of the wild cherry, birch, poplar, ash, and tulip trees.