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PlantFiles: The Largest Plant Identification Reference Guide - Dave's Garden

PlantFiles is the largest plant database in the world, with information and photos for 214,859 different plants! View our 368,460 images and read our 143,023 detailed and helpful comments. Search for a plant by its common or botanical name using the green button below, or scroll down the page and browse through hundreds of popular cultivars, or search for plants by their characteristics (height, hardiness, etc.)

Discover which plants grow well in your area, and which plants to avoid. Join the 58,909 gardeners, PlantFiles Pioneers and Uber Gardeners who contribute to PlantFiles, and share what you know.

Browse the most popular cultivars in PlantFiles

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  The Latin word of the week  
Camellia
(kuh-MEE-lee-a)

The beautiful Camellia was named by Linnaeus to honor a 17th century Jesuit pharmacist born in Brno Moravia (now the Czech Republic.)

As an adult, Georg Josef Kamel was a medical missionary and botanist in Manila and on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. While there, he wrote an account of the plants he discovered. Excerpts from his account were published by his correspondent John Ray, a fellow botanist from England As was a common practice of the day, Kamel's name was Latinized to Camellius.

Camellias are a member of the Theacea (tea) family and are somewhat tender plants that are prized for their blooms that appear in fall or mid-winter.

  The Plant of the Week  
Species
Platanthera ciliaris

Native to eastern North America, the Platanthera ciliaris is a rare sight in the wild. Its favorite habitat is damp, sunny meadows, but can be found in dry woods and swampy areas as well. Although used medicinally by the Cherokee for headache and also as a fishing lure, the Yellow Fringed Orchid is considered endangered, or threatened, in many areas and should never be harvested from the wild unless they are in danger from construction. Purchase plants from reputable nurseries that do not harvest wild plants and plant in damp, acid soil with plenty of organic matter. Gardeners will be rewarded with more blooms in sunny locations as opposed to shady areas.

The orange to yellow bloom spikes first appear in late spring and continue on into the summer. It can reach 40" (100cm) tall and ranges from Florida and Texas in the south, to the Hudson Bay area in Canada. Platanthera ciliaris is attractive to butterflies and nectar seeking insects. Night flying moths, notably Sphingidae and Spicebush Swallowtails find it especially tasty.

» Read more about this plant

Image

Type of plant: Bulbs, Perennials

Bloom color: Orange, Bright Yellow

Bloom time of year: Mid Summer, Late Summer/Early Fall

Sun requirements: Light Shade

Cold hardiness: Zone 5a to Zone 11

Height: 18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

Spacing: 15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

  Bloom of the Day for April 27, 2015  
Image

Miniature Sinningia 'Ruffled Wood Nymph'
(Sinningia)

Bloom time of year: Blooms all year, Blooms repeatedly

Sun requirements: Light Shade

Height: under 6 in. (15 cm)

Spacing: 3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

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