The Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) is a species of woody plant native to Asian countries such as Japan, Mongolia, North and South Korea. These small trees reach about 30-50 feet in height, maximum. They are grown primarily for their foliage. Leaves have a lacy edge and come in a wide range of colors, including bright green, with deep burgundy autumnal foliage. Japanese maples are highly prized in Japan, and are often a focal point of a Japanese garden.