Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Hybrid Columbine
Aquilegia 'Swallowtail'

Family: Ranunculaceae (ra-nun-kew-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Aquilegia (a-kwi-LEE-jee-a) (Info)
Cultivar: Swallowtail

One vendor has this plant for sale.

15 members have or want this plant for trade.


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade

All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

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By Kelli
Thumbnail #1 of Aquilegia  by Kelli

By Kelli
Thumbnail #2 of Aquilegia  by Kelli

By Kelli
Thumbnail #3 of Aquilegia  by Kelli

By CBernard
Thumbnail #4 of Aquilegia  by CBernard

By CBernard
Thumbnail #5 of Aquilegia  by CBernard

By Ally_UT
Thumbnail #6 of Aquilegia  by Ally_UT

By LilyLover_UT
Thumbnail #7 of Aquilegia  by LilyLover_UT

There are a total of 10 photos.
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4 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive db2776 On Aug 9, 2010, db2776 from Austin, TX wrote:

Swallowtail is by far my favorite Aquilegia to date. Not only does it produce uniquely beautiful flowers in abundance it produced flowers into early summer. Equally as important it has proven to be a very strong healthy plant not succumbing to insects, a forgotten watering or dead growth. I purchased this cultivar as well as Chrysantha, Red Hobbit, Little Treasure, and desertorum from High Country Gardens, all have produced well but none as spectacularly as Swallowtail.

Positive CBernard On Apr 11, 2006, CBernard from Perris, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

This is the first year that I have had this plant. I planted it last Fall. The plant now has many, many blooms and more coming.


Positive Benjohnson On May 17, 2005, Benjohnson from Eugene, OR wrote:

This is a real honey of a plant. It tolerates all-day hot sunshine. Its foliage stays green all summer. Its flowers are large and bright yellow. Much of the foliage stays green all winter as well. It tolerates temperatures in the 20s (F). It comes true from seed.

Positive Kelli On Apr 21, 2005, Kelli from L.A. (Canoga Park), CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

This plant has its origin in an Arizona species and is heat-tolerant - for a columbine.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Canoga Park, California
Perris, California
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Eugene, Oregon
Grants Pass, Oregon
Lexington, South Carolina
Austin, Texas
Geronimo, Texas
Katy, Texas
Santaquin, Utah
Seattle, Washington

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