Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Spring Starflower
Ipheion uniflorum 'Rolf Fiedler'

Family: Alliaceae
Genus: Ipheion (IF-ee-on) (Info)
Species: uniflorum (yoo-nee-FLOR-um) (Info)
Cultivar: Rolf Fiedler

Synonym:Tristagma uniflorum

2 vendors have this plant for sale.

8 members have or want this plant for trade.


under 6 in. (15 cm)

3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Medium Blue

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring


Other details:
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

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There are a total of 11 photos.
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5 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive eatmyplants On Dec 20, 2012, eatmyplants from Comanche county, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

I have tons of Spring Starflower. Can anyone tell me any difference between 'Wisley Blue' and 'Rolf Fiedler'? I can see no difference at all in any images anywhere. If there's any difference, it must be so subtle that it would take a DNA test to point it out. One stand of these flowers can produce subtle shade variations depending on sunlight, moisture etc but that can be said for many other flowers and plants.

Positive vossner On Apr 3, 2007, vossner from Richmond, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

At first I was disappointed at how small the plants were. Literature says 3-6" high, in my garden they are 2-3": high.

Mar 2012: I have warmed up to these wonderful little plants because of their beautiful blue color, because they are early harbingers of spring, and because the blooms last a long time. I will grow more of these and add other varieties to my garden.

Positive nifty413 On Mar 13, 2007, nifty413 from Garland, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

A great plant suitable for dry to near xeric conditions. Survived the drought of 2005-2006 here without any problems or irrigation. Becomes totally dormant in summer.

Positive dmj1218 On Oct 14, 2006, dmj1218 from west Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

All the Ipheions and their related subspecies are native to South America (southern Brazil, Chili, and Uruguay) and are called Spring Starflowers. They are great naturalizing bulbs for Texas and the southern United States--but in Texas they should not be confused with either the Prairie Celestial Lily (Nemasyylus geminiflora) or the Prairie Nymph (Herbertia lahue). These two species are both native to Texas and quite frankly very different with very obvious flower and bulb morphology differences from the Ipheions.

Ipheion 'Rolf Fiedler' and other related Ipheon species bloom earlier in the season in my garden and have happily naturalized in areas with good drainage for 20 years. I love the Ipheions for their very early spring blooms!

I don't find the variety 'Rolf Fiedler' to be superior to the variety 'Wisley Blue' just a different color of blue. 'Rolf Fiedler' is a mid- to cobalt blue an may actually be of the species Ipheion peregrinans (native to Uruguay) while 'Wisley Blue' is more of a wedgewood or colonial blue color and is generally thought to be a British seed strain of Ipeion uniflorum var. violaceum.

All the Ipeion species are hardy, most are inexpensive, permanently naturalizing harmonious bulb species in the southern United States and if allowed reseed themselves will hybridize yielding very interesting color combinations.

Positive ineedacupoftea On Mar 20, 2006, ineedacupoftea from Denver, CO wrote:

This cultivar's color far surpasses that of 'Wisley Blue,' being deeper and not faded. Probably the best cultivar of the species, being resistant to winterburn when established.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Huntington Beach, California
Clifton, Colorado
Divernon, Illinois
Olathe, Kansas
Florence, Mississippi
Pequannock, New Jersey
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina
Pottstown, Pennsylvania
Summerville, South Carolina
De Leon, Texas
Garland, Texas (2 reports)
Houston, Texas
Mc Kinney, Texas
Richmond, Texas
San Antonio, Texas
Redmond, Washington

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