Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Giant Red Indian Paintbrush, Pitkin Marsh Indian Paintbrush
Castilleja miniata

Family: Orobanchaceae
Genus: Castilleja (kas-tee-LEE-uh) (Info)
Species: miniata (min-ee-AH-tuh) (Info)

Synonym:Castilleja confusa
Synonym:Castilleja gracillima
Synonym:Castilleja inconstans
Synonym:Castilleja oblongifolia
Synonym:Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata

2 members have or want this plant for trade.

Alpines and Rock Gardens
Ponds and Aquatics
Parasites and Hemiparasites

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Scarlet (Dark Red)
Gold (Yellow-Orange)
Pale Yellow
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

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There are a total of 17 photos.
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3 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive ogon On Jul 31, 2011, ogon from Paradise, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata is the most commonly occurring of the three Castilleja miniata subspecies, and can be found throughout much of the western U.S. and most of Canada. It is usually found in wetlands, but can be found in non-wetlands as well. It can grow in moderately irrigated conditions through marginal aquatic condtions, and in full sun through dense shade. They are hemiparasitic, usually found attached to the roots of grasses or other herbaceous plants. Inflorescences are usually crimson or red, but can also be found in shades of salmon, orange, and yellow. The actual flowers, which are very small and can be found between the inflorescence bracts, are most often chartreus with red edges.

Positive Scorpioangel On Sep 5, 2005, Scorpioangel from Gold Hill, OR (Zone 7a) wrote:

This is a native wildflower in So. Oregon.

Positive Lilypon On Jun 8, 2005, Lilypon from Moose Jaw, SK (Zone 3b) wrote:

Also grows in the Cypress Hills region of southern Saskatchewan.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Gold Hill, Oregon

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