Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Red Pine, Norway Pine
Pinus resinosa

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: resinosa (res-in-OH-suh) (Info)

One vendor has this plant for sale.


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20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Pollen may cause allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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There are a total of 16 photos.
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3 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Rickwebb On Dec 5, 2013, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

This is my favorite of all pines! I think it has the prettiest bark of most all pines and the long 6" needles in 2's are soft to touch. I first saw it vacationaing in the northwoods of Minnesota and Wisconsin. It grows well in my native northern Illinois if the soil is acid. I was thrilled to find some good specimens growing in my old friend's backyard in Wheaton, Il, west of Chicago, because this species often dies from yellowing stunt in Chicagoland because the soil is not acid enough or it is a heavy clay. My friend's backyard had a pH of 6.5 and a deep silty topsoil. His front yard was pH 6.8, which also may have been alright, but I am not sure of the exact breakoff point where the pH is too high. It can't be over pH 7. The Austrian Black Pine, very similar looking, is much more common there because the later grows well in slightly alkaline to pH 8.0 and even in heavy clay soils soils. The European species has darker needles that are very hard- prickly.

Neutral berrygirl On Mar 15, 2007, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

Also known as 'American Red Pine'.

Positive Malus2006 On Mar 15, 2006, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

This tree seem to love sandy soil, being more common here in Coon Rapids compare to Minneapolis and St. Paul, which is made of clayish loam. It seem to be a bit vulnerable to winter burns, especially near roads, so don't plant them near the street due to salts. It also dislike shade, not as strongly as Red Cedar, so don't plant it 30 feet or closer to a large tree - even when the other tree are still about 3 to 4 feet tall. Trees will grow fast, becoming large in 20 to 30 years. They tend to shed, making it difficult for mows to shred the leaves and can be painful to walk on barefoot. Use the area around the tree as a mulch and plant groundcover or maybe even try acid loving plants! (Of course, you need to add acid fertilizers).

Positive melody On Jan 28, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A straight trunked pine that has a very northern range. Mostly seen in New England, MI, WI and MN.

It has a unique identifying trait wherin the 4" to 6" needles break sharply when bent. No other pine in it's range has this characteristic.

Old cones do not remain on the tree and the1 1/2" to 2 1/2" cones are thornless.

This is a beautiful tree used often in reforestation, often called the Norway Pine, but is native only to North America.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Prescott, Arizona
Bear, Delaware
Lisle, Illinois
Wheaton, Illinois
Lawrence, Massachusetts
Brainerd, Minnesota
Crosslake, Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota
North Platte, Nebraska
Reading, Pennsylvania
Valley Forge, Pennsylvania
Appleton, Wisconsin

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