Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Plumeria
Plumeria rubra 'Celadine'

Family: Apocynaceae (a-pos-ih-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Plumeria (ploo-MEER-ee-a) (Info)
Species: rubra (ROO-bruh) (Info)
Cultivar: Celadine
Additional cultivar information: (aka Graveyard Yellow, Hawaiian Yellow)

Synonym:Plumeria rubra var. acutifolia

» View all varieties of Plumeria

One vendor has this plant for sale.

11 members have or want this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)
8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)
20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)
8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:
Bright Yellow
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall
Mid Fall
Late Fall/Early Winter


Other details:
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Flowers are good for cutting
Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From woody stem cuttings
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings
From hardwood cuttings
Allow cut surface to callous over before planting
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; germinate in a damp paper towel
By grafting
By air layering

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

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2 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive BayAreaTropics On Feb 1, 2010, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

I've been growing a potted Celadine outdoors since 1998. After planting a young one outdoors in ground last summer,I see they do much better,stand up to cold better. Even though the bay area is considered much too cold,it can be done with care to planting in fast draining or a raised area, some protection if a hard below 32f cold comes along. I have heard of one that is over 10' in the east bay. My 4x4 potted plant could be that size if I had planted it. The key is-full sun,all year. They wont take any shade here. The best location could be those brick planters up against a sunny ,hot southwest facing exposure. Think hot,no hot is too hot for them here!.
One thing I have noticed about Plumeria here is they tend to bloom every other year. A year of lush leaf growth will end in flower buds....the next year it tends to bloom with minimal growth.
Plumeria may not be a strong grower here or a large plant-but even in a dwarf size they can be a focal point..and the late summer(here)blooms live up to the reputation.

I have had to re pot Celadine this spring (2013) due to major limb loss and it seemed on the edge of collapse. I think the main cause is soil chill. Since they seem to do well in pots here,plants in ground can't seem to put up with chill clay soils. Others might have try...but make sure they get full sun in winter. Right down to the soil.

Positive Clare_CA On May 3, 2005, Clare_CA from (Zone 10b) wrote:

Celadine is very popular cultivar and ranks at the top of the list of all plumeria flowers for fragrance. The scent is of sweet classic plumeria. Celadine can be distinguished from other cultivars not only by the flower's color and shape by the leaves, which are double veined at the rims. Cuttings root very easily, and the tree is easy to grow.

From the publication:

Plumeria in Hawaii

By Richard A. Criley
Department of Plant and Soil Sciences
College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources
University of Hawaii at Manoa
January, 2005


Flower brilliant yellow, usually with broad white margin around petal
Petal narrow, pointed tip, slightly overlapping; selected forms with broader, oval petals; good texture
Size three-and-one-half inches in diameter
Scent strong lemon fragrance
Stalk green, smooth, upright, tight flower clusters
Keeping quality very good
Leaves light green with acuminate tips
Plant habit sprawling, open branching; suitable for landscaping with pruning and training
Bearing habit April to September, light to moderate flower production
Parentage P. rubra f. acuminata
Remarks Seedpods are readily set on this cultivar, which is recommended for home and commercial plantings.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Phoenix, Arizona (2 reports)
Sparkman, Arkansas
Carlsbad, California
Hayward, California
La Quinta, California
Lakewood, California
Newbury Park, California
Clearwater, Florida
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Miami, Florida
Miami Beach, Florida
New Port Richey, Florida
Plant City, Florida
Saint Petersburg, Florida
Winter Haven, Florida
Broaddus, Texas
Corpus Christi, Texas
Round Rock, Texas
Sugar Land, Texas

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