Japanese Red Pine 'Umbraculifera'

Pinus densiflora

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: densiflora (den-see-FLOR-uh) (Info)
Cultivar: Umbraculifera





Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


over 40 ft. (12 m)


USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Pale Yellow

Bloom Time:

Unknown - Tell us



Provides winter interest

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Vincent, Alabama

Crestwood, Kentucky

Louisville, Kentucky

Dracut, Massachusetts

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Saint Louis, Missouri

Cincinnati, Ohio

Georgetown, Ohio

Portland, Oregon

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

North, South Carolina

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 4, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

Also called Tanyosho pine, this is a slow-growing dwarf cultivar that's more shrub than tree, growing to perhaps 15' tall and wide in 30 years. Valued in Japanese gardens and bonsai, as well as in western style landscaping. Naturally multitrunked, it produces a broad umbrella shaped crown, but it's often sheared to be flat-topped or pruned to develop a graceful irregularity. In North American nurseries, it's usually top-grafted on a short single trunk.

The species is called red pine for the showy orangy-red bark of the younger branches. In Japan, it's a common forest tree reaching 100' in the wild.

There are many other cultivars of this species, some even more dwarf.


On May 3, 2014, RosemaryK from Lexington, MA (Zone 6a) wrote:

I believe this is to be the Tanyosho pine, familiar because of the many pictures of wind swept pines growing on mountainsides and near temples. Missouri Botanical Gardens reports in their Plants of Merit finder that there are dwarf cultivars for smaller gardens.


On Nov 25, 2012, NorthSC from North, SC (Zone 8a) wrote:

I'm growing one (grafted, 1 foot tall) in the ground in a partial shade in zone 8A/8B without problems.

I had two, but the second one died after I (temporarily) moved it from ground to a pot. They seem to like to be left alone once planted.


On May 8, 2008, slyperso1 from Richland, MI (Zone 5b) wrote:

This cultivar of Japanese Red grows very slowly, Needles are arranged in pairs and remain on the tree for about three years.
A distinguishing feature of this tree is the upright, spreading branching habit which is uncommon in the Pine genus.
The bark is unusually striking showing reddish-orange as it exfoliates.
The form is compact and the tree stays small making it ideally suited for the residential yard. It can be used as a screen planted in mass or in a row, or alone as a specimen.
Needles may turn yellowish during winter
on some soils.

Origin: not native to North America
Uses: Bonsai; specimen; no proven urban tolerance

Crown: irregular outline or silhouette, oval, moderate density, medium growth rate, fine texture... read more