Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Chinese Peony, Garden Peony
Paeonia lactiflora 'Primevere'

Family: Paeoniaceae
Genus: Paeonia (pay-OHN-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: lactiflora (lak-tee-FLOR-uh) (Info)
Cultivar: Primevere
Hybridized by Lemoine; Year of Registration or Introduction: 1907

» View all varieties of Peonies

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

3 members have or want this plant for trade.


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Pale Yellow

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Flowers are good for cutting
Flowers are good for drying and preserving

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

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to view:

By Moonglow
Thumbnail #1 of Paeonia lactiflora by Moonglow

By amulet
Thumbnail #2 of Paeonia lactiflora by amulet

By amulet
Thumbnail #3 of Paeonia lactiflora by amulet

By amulet
Thumbnail #4 of Paeonia lactiflora by amulet


2 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive LauraSteele On Mar 11, 2012, LauraSteele from Fort Wayne, IN wrote:

Per the 1928 Lee R. Bonnewitz Iris and Peony catalog of Van Wert, Ohio:
PRIMEVERE (Lemoine). One of the two best yellow Peonies in the world, but in order to see the real beauty of this yellow Peony, the buds must be covered with paper bags which must not be removed until the bloom has been cut and taken indoors, where, when kept from the extreme sunlight, it retains the beautiful yellow tone for several days. A prize of one hundred dollars was offered during the past ten years for a yellow seedling Peony of better color than this variety. $3.00

Per the APS website:
PRIMEVERE (Lemoine, 1907) - Double - White - Midseason. Tall. Moderately fragrant. Anemone type, medium size. A flattish flower with creamy white, cupped guards rarely splashed with red; center composed of short, narrow petals of canary-yellow becoming light with age. Floriferous, stems lax. Good dark green, rather coarse foliage.

Positive Moonglow On May 27, 2005, Moonglow from Corte Madera, CA wrote:

What a wonderfu addition to the garden. I heard I was pushing it zone-wise, but with guidance from fellow DGers, I pulled it off. It was actually very easy. In fact, my peonies are all grown in containers at the moment.

I believe one must start with QUALITY rhizomes (?) though. Mine came from, and you bet, I will order from them again.

"Primavera" was a 2-eye rhizome when planted late Feb 2005 - early March 2005. First season bloom is such a thrill.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Corte Madera, California
Waterloo, Iowa
Madison, Mississippi

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