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Bronze Fennel
Foeniculum vulgare 'Rubrum'

Family: Apiaceae (ay-pee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Foeniculum (fen-IK-yoo-lum) (Info) (fen-IK-yoo-lum) (Info)
Species: vulgare (vul-GAIR-ee) (Info)
Cultivar: Rubrum
Additional cultivar information:(aka Smokey Bronze)

Category:

Biennials

Herbs

Perennials

Height:

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

Spacing:

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Danger:

N/A

Bloom Color:

Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Foliage:

Grown for foliage

Herbaceous

Bronze-Green

Aromatic

Other details:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Flowers are good for cutting

Provides winter interest

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

,

Huntsville, Alabama

Ohatchee, Alabama

Tuscumbia, Alabama

Capistrano Beach, California

Fallbrook, California

Laguna Beach, California

San Clemente, California

Washington, District Of Columbia

Gainesville, Florida

Lakeland, Florida

Columbus, Georgia

Lake Charles, Louisiana

New Orleans, Louisiana

Roseland, Louisiana

Florence, Mississippi

Cincinnati, Ohio

Inman, South Carolina

Fort Worth, Texas

Houston, Texas (2 reports)

Killeen, Texas

Lexington, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

3
positives
2
neutrals
0
negatives
RatingContent
Neutral

On Jun 7, 2013, juhur7 from Anderson, IN (Zone 6a) wrote:

Self seeds here , left the seeds last year to fall where there may . They did and plants of this are everywhere.

Positive

On Mar 3, 2013, joraines from Inman, SC wrote:

I have this growing in my butterfly garden and it creates a beautiful, billowy bronze-rose 'cloud' in the garden and is consistently covered with swallowtail caterpillars through the summer. It has already started returning this year in early March and will no doubt grow even taller this year than last when it reached over five feet tall. I love it.

Positive

On May 3, 2006, dmj1218 from west Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Bronze color to leaves add winter interest--caterpillars of various species love this plant and I grow it to provide "fodder" for the cats and to lure them away from more valuable plants in the landscape. I overwinter the plant and it will often go dormat in the height of summer but will re-emerge when temperatures cool in the fall. It is a perennial here in the south.

Fennel is a hardy relative of dill, coriander, cumin, anise, carrot, and Queen Anne's lace; it grows very well in the south.
Bronze leaf fennel is probably the most difficult to grow in the south but is beautiful and well worth the effort. Most fennels grow from between 3'-5' when in bloom. Once seeds are harvested, cut the bloom stalks down to the ground and new growth comes quickly. Fennel is very dro... read more

Neutral

On Feb 4, 2006, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

Also known as Smokey Bronze Fennel; my information says it is hardy to zone 11.

Positive

On Jun 8, 2005, saya from Heerlen
Netherlands (Zone 8b) wrote:

Beautifull ..really striking colour..brown orange to ochre..very pretty.. I cannot stop touching this plant. Its foliage is so cool and soft lacy...aromatic too..tasty in salads. Attracts butterflies and it is one of the bests hosts for the cats of butterflies... special for Swallowtails...