Male Fern, Shield Fern
Dryopteris filix-mas

Family: Dryopteridaceae
Genus: Dryopteris (dry-OP-ter-iss) (Info)
Species: filix-mas (FY-liks mas) (Info)

Category:

Perennials

Ferns

Height:

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

Spacing:

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 C (-45 F)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Not Applicable

Sun Exposure:

Partial to Full Shade

Danger:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Inconspicuous/none

Bloom Time:

N/A

Foliage:

Grown for foliage

Evergreen

Deciduous

Shiny/Glossy-Textured

Other details:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

This plant is resistant to deer

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Merced, California

Grand Junction, Colorado

Plainfield, Illinois

Downingtown, Pennsylvania

Gardeners' Notes:

1
positive
1
neutral
0
negatives
RatingContent
Positive

On Feb 3, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

One can oftentimes find this species native to the whole temperate Northern Hemisphere sold at many garden centers in the East or Midwest USA. It is similar to Lady Fern, but it has darker and heavier weight fronds that are broadest in the middle of the frond. It is a slowly spreading clump and bears the sori, the spore structures, under the leaflets. It is reliable and likes constantly moist, rich soil the most, but adapts to average soil that can dry out some; and morning or late afternoon full sun is fine.

Neutral

On Aug 11, 2009, Xenomorf from Valley of the Sun, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

This semi-evergreen, leathery fern is dark green above and lighter green beneath. It grows from about 18" tall to about 8" wide, the center of the frond being the widest part. It grows along streams, in cool forests, in rich soil & in rock crevices at about 6500-10,000 ft elevation in Arizona.
The drug 'aspidium' is obtained from this plant.