Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Horned Pansy, Horned Violet
Viola cornuta 'Penny Sunrise'

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Family: Violaceae (vy-oh-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Viola (vy-OH-la) (Info)
Species: cornuta (kor-NOO-tuh) (Info)
Cultivar: Penny Sunrise
Additional cultivar information: (Penny™ series)

Category:
Annuals

Height:
under 6 in. (15 cm)

Spacing:
6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

Hardiness:
Unknown - Tell us

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Danger:
Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Orange

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall
Mid Fall

Foliage:
Herbaceous

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season
Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

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to view:

By Weezingreens
Thumbnail #1 of Viola cornuta by Weezingreens

By Weezingreens
Thumbnail #2 of Viola cornuta by Weezingreens

Profile:

No positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Neutral macybee On Oct 19, 2007, macybee from Deer Park, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Viola - Violet, Heartsease, Pansy
This well-known and much-loved genus of annuals, perennials and subshrubs consists of as many as 500 species, found in most temperate regions of the world including high mountains of the tropics, though with the greatest concentrations of species in North America, the Andes and Japan. Most are creeping plants, etiher deciduous or evergreen, with slender to thick rhizomes and leaves most often kidney-shaped or heart-shaped, though in some species they are divided into narrow lobes. Flowers of the wild species are seldom more than 1" across and characteristically have 3 spreading lower petals and 2 erect upper petals, with a short nectar spur projecting to the rear of the flower. Many species also produce cleistogamous flowers, with smaller petals that do not open properly, and able to set seed without cross-polination. A few Eurasian species have been hybridized extensively to produce the garden pansies, violas and violettas, with showy flowers in very bright or deep colors; these are nearly always grown as annuals, though potentially some are short-lived perennials.
Cultivation:
Most of the cultivated Viola species will tolerate light frosts at least, and many are fully frost hardy. The more compact perennial species suit rock gardens where they do best in cooler, moister spots, while the more spreading species make effective ground covers beneath trees and taller shrubs, requiring little or not attention. Pansies and violas (Viola x wittrockiana) are grown as annuals or pot plants in full sun, but appreciate shelter from drying winds; sow seed in late winter or early spring, under glass if necessay, planting out in late spring in soil that is well-drained but not too rich. Water well and feed sparingly as flowers develop. Propagate perennial species by division or from cuttings.
Flowers: Spring or Summer
Height: 6"
Position: Sun or Partial Shade
Ideal For: Bedding, Border, Children, Patio, Rockery, Tubs
Germination: Experience Useful
Description: Compact, mounded plants with eruptions of beautiful, rich orange bloom, the striking color is possibly the best orange available in Violas. Penny Sunrise also has improved hardiness and heat tolerance.
Sowing Instructions:
Sow February to March or Sept to Oct at 60-68F on the surface of a free draining, damp seed compost. Apply a fine sprinkling of vermiculite, just covering the seed. Place in a propagator or seal container in a polythene bag until after germination which takes 10-21 days. Take care not to provide too high a temperature, as this can prevent germination.
Growing Instructions:
Transplant seedlings when large enough to handle into 3" pots. Grow on in cool conditions for 10-15 days before planting out 9" apart.

Regional...

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Seward, Alaska



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