Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Catchfly, Red Campion, English Maiden
Silene dioica

Family: Caryophyllaceae (kar-ree-oh-fil-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Silene (sy-LEE-nee) (Info)
Species: dioica (dy-oh-EE-kuh) (Info)

Synonym:Lychnis dioica
Synonym:Melandrium dioicum
Synonym:Melandrium rubrum

One vendor has this plant for sale.

16 members have or want this plant for trade.


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall
Mid Fall


Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

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There are a total of 21 photos.
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No positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral kms4me2 On Apr 19, 2005, kms4me2 from Lindstrom, MN wrote:

I love the color of the flowers of this plant, a clear true "candy" pink, hard to describe but really lovely. It grew taller than I expected, 2 1/2 feet in bloom, which lasted about a month.

The reason I post neutral is that it self-sows, as do many silenes, to the point of invasiveness. I did my best to dead-head plants (not easy on silenes), and yet I have seedlings everywhere the first spring after flowering.

Neutral Baa On Aug 31, 2002, Baa wrote:

A perennial from Europe.

Has ovate to lance shaped, light to deep green, usually downy (but sometimes hairless) leaves. Bears small, pink flowers, each petal has a conspicuous notch in the middle. They are dioecious (individual plants being either entirely male or entirely female) and to produce viable seed you will need to grow more than one.

Flowers anywhere and repeatedly between March and November depending on the regional climate.

Love moist but well drained, neutral to slightly alkaline soil in light shade but will tolerate some sun where the soil doesn't dry out completely.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Seward, Alaska
Oakland, California
Richmond, California
Plainfield, Illinois
Mathiston, Mississippi
East Port Orchard, Washington
Vashon, Washington
Verona, Wisconsin

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