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PlantFiles: Rufa Vine
Actinidia arguta var. rufa

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Family: Actinidiaceae (ak-tin-id-ee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Actinidia (ak-tih-NID-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: arguta var. rufa

Synonym:Actinidia rufa
Synonym:Trochostigma rufa

Category:
Edible Fruits and Nuts
Vines and Climbers

Height:
20-30 ft. (6-9 m)
30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

Spacing:
Unknown - Tell us

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Danger:
Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring
Mid Spring

Foliage:
Deciduous

Other details:
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings
From hardwood cuttings
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds
Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

Profile:

No positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Neutral saya On Mar 21, 2006, saya from Heerlen
Netherlands (Zone 8b) wrote:

A KIWI fruitspecies. Produces browncoloured small grape size KIWI fruit.
Very hardy, tolerating temperatures down to -30c or more, but young spring growth is susceptible to frost damage.
Fruits are formed on second year wood and also on fruit spurs on older wood, any pruning is best carried out in the winter.
This is a climbing plant, supporting itself by twining around branches etc[.
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus. Propagation
Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. It is probably best if the seed is given 3 months stratification, either sow it in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in November or as soon as it is received. Fresh seed germinates in 2 - 3 months at 10c, stored seed can take longer. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. When the plants are 30cm or more tall, plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Most seedlings are male. The seedlings are subject to damping off, they must be kept well ventilated.

Cuttings of softwood as soon as ready in spring in a frame[.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Very high percentage.

Cuttings of ripe wood, October/November in a frame.

Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown with Rufa if seed/fruits are required. Note that not all Arguta species require this.
(most of the information comes from PFAF database).



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