Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Squaw Vine, Deerberry
Mitchella repens

Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Mitchella (my-CHEL-luh) (Info)
Species: repens (REE-penz) (Info)

5 vendors have this plant for sale.

33 members have or want this plant for trade.


under 6 in. (15 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Partial to Full Shade


Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From woody stem cuttings
By simple layering
By tip layering

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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By Toxicodendron
Thumbnail #1 of Mitchella repens by Toxicodendron

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By Toxicodendron
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By podster
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There are a total of 14 photos.
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8 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive betcsbirds On Sep 6, 2013, betcsbirds from Washington, IL wrote:

I purchased some from of this vine from an online seller in PA to use in terrariums that I make, and it does really well! Will be trying to overwinter some in my shade garden in IL for the first time too. It is native to the Midwest so should not be a problem growing it in my garden. The berries stay red for a really long time...sometimes MONTHS! Great little vine!

Positive vlmastra On Dec 29, 2010, vlmastra from Akron, OH wrote:

A nice evergreen plant that is quite common in rich woods in the eastern US, commonly growing on stumps and at the base of trees among various mosses. The flowers are paired and their ovaries fuse to produce a single berry (hence one can observe two spots on each fruit corresponding to the style of each flower. The flowers are also white-hairy on the inside, which is an unusual character. The berries are extremely long-lasting and rather wrinkled specimens can be found in early spring, months after they were produced.

In older terrarium books, this plant is frequently recommended for terrarium culture. I have tried it myself: I harvested some in the fall (October or so) when it was probably dormant. I put it in an open-top terrarium with the cushion of mosses it was growing in and watered every couple weeks. It put out new growth after a few weeks. The arrangement is only a couple months old, so we shall see how it turns out.

Positive jleigh On May 16, 2010, jleigh from Ballston Lake, NY (Zone 5a) wrote:

Not only did I "inherit" a patch of this when I bought this house, but recently I saw many patches growing while on a hike. I'm glad to see this plant is surviving in this area, and thriving in its "natural habitat" too.

Positive podster On Apr 29, 2007, podster from Deep East Texas, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

I was excited to find a large patch of this delicate plant growing in the woods, even more excited to have ID'd it!
I found multiple buds, blooms and even a berry in April.

Positive Linnea On Jun 1, 2004, Linnea from Tilton, NH (Zone 4a) wrote:

I find it extensively in my woods here in New Hampshire. I like it as a ground cover - I will have to move some into my garden soon.

The berries are edible, if a bit bland. I find the very fuzzy pink flowers utterly charming - well worth stretching out on your belly for a closer look!

Positive chitwoodstock On May 12, 2004, chitwoodstock from Camden, AR wrote:

I have cultivated several patches of Partridge Berry in my "natural" garden. I prefer indigenous plants and this is readily available in the Gulf Coastal Plains Area of Arkansas. It likes partial - full shade and sandy, but fertile soil. Grows slowly and requires watering for first season to start, but the blooms and berries are quite rewarding.

Positive misplacednewfie On Feb 21, 2004, misplacednewfie wrote:

I'm in British Columbia Canada and have a partridge berry bush in my garden. It is propagated by division and it transplants easily, and may also be grown from stratified seed or stem cuttings. This berry bush grows in abundance in Newfoundland Canada in pine forested areas. Also makes a lovely jam when made with apples.

Positive suncatcheracres On Oct 9, 2003, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote:

This beautiful little plant is growing all over on my six acres in Northcentral Florida, zone 8b, in the shade of huge old live oak trees. It is by far my most attractive native plant, and I am desperately trying to get rid of the native poison ivy, trumpet creeper and Virginia creeper, while encouraging this little spreading vine. It looks like a dark green carpet in the middle of my driveways and along my paths--anywhere in the shade that I have mowed down the other undergrowth. The plant is too prostrate to be affected by mowing.

It has delicate lavender tinged, white flowers in early Summer and now in early Fall I see the occasional red berry. The small flowers always grow in pairs and their ovaries unite to produce only one berry, which has two "dimples," one from each flower.

The American indigenous people used this plant extensively as medicine, especially for women in childbirth, hence the name "Squaw Vine." A Google search will bring up several purveyors of Homeopathic medicine still selling some version of this plant--tinctures, etc.

The plant is considered part of the climax undergrowth vegetation in several forest communities in the Eastern USA. It lives off of rain water here--we get over 60 inches of rain--and with our very wet, just-past Summer, I have noticed it increasing its area on my property, which is very welcome to me, as I think it is just a really very attractive little plant, especially in mass. It will even take some traffic, as it is growing quite happily under my clothes lines.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Birmingham, Alabama
Spanish Fort, Alabama
Camden, Arkansas
Morrilton, Arkansas
Bartow, Florida
Keystone Heights, Florida
Old Town, Florida
Oviedo, Florida
Brunswick, Georgia
Washington, Illinois
Abita Springs, Louisiana
Buckfield, Maine
Centreville, Maryland
East Brookfield, Massachusetts
Worcester, Massachusetts
National City, Michigan
Saint Helen, Michigan
West Branch, Michigan
Tilton, New Hampshire
Ballston Lake, New York
Buffalo, New York
Durham, North Carolina
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Manteo, North Carolina
Sunset Beach, North Carolina
Akron, Ohio
Millersburg, Pennsylvania
Port Matilda, Pennsylvania
Charleston, South Carolina
Conway, South Carolina
Clarksville, Tennessee
Viola, Tennessee
Belton, Texas
Lufkin, Texas
New Caney, Texas
San Augustine, Texas
Blacksburg, Virginia
Newport News, Virginia
Great Cacapon, West Virginia

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