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Boneset, Thoroughwort, Feverwort, Agueweed, Indian Sage
Eupatorium perfoliatum

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Eupatorium (yoo-puh-TOR-ee-um) (Info)
Species: perfoliatum (per-foh-lee-AY-tum) (Info)
Synonym:Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum

Category:

Herbs

Perennials

Height:

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

Spacing:

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Danger:

N/A

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Foliage:

Grown for foliage

Herbaceous

Other details:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

This plant is resistant to deer

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Collect seedhead/pod when flowers fade; allow to dry

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Vincent, Alabama

Barling, Arkansas

Dyer, Arkansas

Menifee, California

Cornwall Bridge, Connecticut

Atlanta, Georgia

Chicago, Illinois

Indianapolis, Indiana

Taylorsville, Kentucky

Southborough, Massachusetts

Erie, Michigan

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Florence, Mississippi

Dover, New Hampshire

Frenchtown, New Jersey

Croton On Hudson, New York

Elba, New York

Yonkers, New York

, Newfoundland and Labrador

Downingtown, Pennsylvania

Millersburg, Pennsylvania

Austin, Texas

Arlington, Vermont

Leesburg, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

1
positive
3
neutrals
0
negatives
RatingContent
Neutral

On Feb 17, 2009, mamooth from Indianapolis, IN (Zone 5b) wrote:

This stuff thrives in the muddy clay next to my creek. It grows so well there, I have to keep chopping it back to leave some room for the milkweed. In addition to butterflies, the blooms attract large numbers of bumblebees, sweat bees and flower wasps. That's great for the native pollinators, but it kind of puts the area off-limits to humans. I also find that the hairy stems irritate my skin. So a good plant, but not for areas too close to humans.

Positive

On Oct 29, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

Its narrow leaves set it apart from some of the other boneset species. I got it since it was about to be thrown on the compost pile on another property - manage to coax it to grow and survive through the winter - blooming the next year after.

Neutral

On Nov 2, 2001, poppysue from Westbrook, ME (Zone 5a) wrote:

If youre looking for show of color than this is not the plant for you. The fluffy white clusters of flowers bloom on top of stiff stems in late summer. Theyre a dull white and not especially attractive except to our butterfly friends. Its a close relative of the more known Joe Pye weed but Id have to say not as attractive for the garden. It can grow to height of 5 ft in wet soils but remains shorter in drier conditions.

Its a native perennial wild flower that was used as a valuable flu remedy through out history. An infusion of the leaves was acclaimed to relieve symptoms of brakebone fever and many other flu epidemics during the 19th century. The leaves taper to a long point and are joined at the stem opposite each other making it appear they are fused together at... read more

Neutral

On Aug 31, 2001, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Easily grown in average, medium wet to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Does well in both sandy and clay soils. Needs constant moisture