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PlantFiles: Texas Bear Grass, Bunch Grass, Devil's Shoestring, Sacahuista
Nolina texana

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Family: Asparagaceae
Genus: Nolina (no-LEE-na) (Info)
Species: texana (tek-SAY-nuh) (Info)

Synonym:Beaucarnea texana
Synonym:Nolina affinis

One vendor has this plant for sale.

5 members have or want this plant for trade.

Category:
Cactus and Succulents

Height:
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

Spacing:
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Danger:
Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer

Foliage:
Grown for foliage
Evergreen
Silver/Gray
Blue-Green
Smooth-Textured

Other details:
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
This plant is resistant to deer
Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:
Non-patented

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

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By htop
Thumbnail #1 of Nolina texana by htop

By htop
Thumbnail #2 of Nolina texana by htop

Profile:

1 positive
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Positive htop On Mar 12, 2007, htop from San Antonio, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

i have not grown this plant but have seen it growing in its native habitat as weell as a cultivated landscape plant.

Texas sacahuista, which is not a grass, natively occurs in the rocky soils of various habitats including hills, brushy areas and grasslands from Central Texas (very abuindant in the Edwards Plateau Region) to the upper Rio Grande Plains to most of the Trans-Pecos Region and into northern Mexico. It is also native to Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Oklahoma. It is adaptable to a variety of soils including rocky, limestone-based, sandy, sandy loam, medium loam, clay loam, clay, and caliche. It has numerous 2 to 5 foot long thin leaves which when young are arching, but with age, form a weeping mound The foliage is smooth or only slightly rough and has widely spaced teeth on the margins. The leaves are 0.08 - 0.16 in. (2-4mm) wide which gives it a grassy appearance. With adequate moisture, one or more flowering rather short, 12 to 24 inches long, stems appear. They have large panicles of creamy white to greenish flowers which are sometimes tinged with lavender. They are nestled among the leaves unlike some other species of Nolina blooms. Nolinas are polygamo-dioecious: which means that they usually have male and female flowers on separate plants; however, each plant also has a few perfect flowers (male and female flower parts on one flower).

To propagate, remove individual offshoots from mature plants in winter. Collect seeds when the capsule begins to dry and spread the seeds in thin layer. Dry at room temperature. Seeds should be planted in a cold frame or greenhouse in late January (cool weather). The seedlings do best if transplanted into 4 to 6 inch pots and given light shade the first season. The seeds may be stored in sealed, refrigerated containers up to one year.

Texas sacahuista is suitable for use on dry slopes, to accent limestone boulders, in rock gardens and wildscapes or in lightly shaded spots in wooded areas. Being evergreen, it adds winter interest. Native Americans used the leaves or the fibers from the leaves for weaving baskets and mats. It attracts hummingbirds, bees and butterflies. It is a larval host for the Atea hairstreak Sandia hairstreak, Atea hairstreak and Sandia hairstreak butterflies. While the leaves are safe, the bloom buds, blooms and fruit (which are roundish) are toxic to sheep, goats and cattle. The toxin, capsicum annuum, can be an irritant to some people. It is deer resistant.

Regional...

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Brady, Texas
San Antonio, Texas



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