Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Sweet Violet, English Violet, Garden Violet
Viola odorata 'Rosea'

Family: Violaceae (vy-oh-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Viola (vy-OH-la) (Info)
Species: odorata (oh-dor-AY-tuh) (Info)
Cultivar: Rosea

Synonym:Viola odorata var. rosea

3 members have or want this plant for trade.


Unknown - Tell us

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade
Partial to Full Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Gardening_Jim
Thumbnail #1 of Viola odorata by Gardening_Jim


2 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive justdigin On Jul 10, 2010, justdigin from Merced, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

Great plant for dry shade where nothing else will grow. Seem to like to pop up along fences. Not hard to remove if they sprout up in the wrong place, as the roots and runners are shallow. I have successfully transplanted them to where I want them. I think they make a garden look charming and they do smell wonderful. Blooms in very early spring and again in fall.

Positive rinomanfroni On Mar 1, 2010, rinomanfroni from Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

These are very popular in Italy and they are called "Viole Mammole." They are perennials and they reproduce through sprouts they shoot from the plant basement. It is easy to pull them out if you think they are outgrowing their place in December. Then you can just transplant them in little pots and give Mammoles to your friends for them to have one of the earliest blooming Spring flowers (February through April). Very good plant if you have shady areas and you would like to have a cute, short-growing plant to use as ground covers! It is very cold resistant too! It survived a freezing week at 2F (-16C) and it still stayed green and it is blooming greatly even right now! It also stands the high temperatures and high humidity that we have in north Texas!

I think this is the perennial alternative to Pansies.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Merced, California
Nineveh, New York
Columbia, South Carolina
Arlington, Texas
Vancouver, Washington

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