Hardiness: USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F) USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F) USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F)
Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade
Danger: Seed is poisonous if ingested
Bloom Color: White/Near White
Bloom Time: Late Spring/Early Summer Mid Summer
Other details: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Soil pH requirements: 6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic) 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral) 7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
On Oct 2, 2010, rabbitsdiner from Carmel, IN wrote:
This tree is not without its faults. Sturdy soles on shoes are a must as it drops wicked thorns. The galls on it's stems are noticeable some years. Trim it back if they get too bad. It's an attractive tree with white flowers in spring and bright red berries in fall. Best of all; it is a magnet for birds. Mine is frequented by robins, blue jays and cardinals. While 2-4 cardinals are common, one amazing day I counted 12 in it at one time! On snowy winter days it looks like a Christmas card when brilliant red cardinals grace its snowy branches. And on bleak winter days, the sight of the colorful birds brings so much cheer. Plant one close enough to a window to afford yourself the best views (remembering that they get 20+ ft. wide.) Delightful!
On Apr 4, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:
One of the least common grown of the two commonly planted species of Hawthorn here in Minnesota. Its lobed leaves gaves it away as Washington Hawthorn while Crataegus crus-galli have non lobed leaves but comes in two variety - thorned and non thorned. The only difference into telling this species from other flowering small trees like Prunus, Malus, and other member of the Apple family is by the branching pattern which is distinct and look almost regular. It also doesn't grow rapidly, creating thick short branches over time. To contract the above statement, there is very few heavily flowering tree that is not immune to at least one major disease or have galls or spots. White Fringetree is a example of the few heavily flowering tree that doesn't get major diseases for zone 4 but prefer acidic soil.
On Feb 21, 2008, mamooth from Indianapolis, IN (Zone 5b) wrote:
I tried to grow these from seedlings, but gave up due to persistent unsightly fungus infections. It was "Quince rust" or "Cedar-quince rust". Removing the infected branches doesn't help, because the fungus lives on juniper as an alternate host, and the spores blow over and re-infect the Hawthornes. Regular fungicide spraying will keep it at bay, but I saw no need to sign on for a lifetime of that. There are many other small flowering trees without a fungus problem, so use one of them instead.
On Oct 7, 2005, evamanko from Glen Mills, PA wrote:
I live in the Philadelphia area and we have great success with the winter King Hawthorn. It makes quite a show in winter. Longwood Gardens in Kennet Square,PA has a most beautiful stand of these trees which are a treat to see in the snow.
On Jun 21, 2005, zsnp from Pensacola, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:
The red berries can be eaten raw. (The seeds inside the berries are not edible.) Hawthorn berry is good for the heart. Throughout Europe, Hawthorn berry is recognized as a safe and effective treatment for the early stages of congestive heart failure.
On Aug 22, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:
Prefers moist, well-drained soils in full sun, but is tolerant of poor soils, various soil pHs, compacted soils, drought, heat, and Winter salt spray. Great ornamental attributes for each season of the year.
Crataegus translates as "strength", referring to its wood strength - phaenopyrum translates as "with the appearance of a pear", possibly referring to its pendulous branches when weighted down with ripe fruits, that somewhat resemble the strained appearance of pear tree branches
On Aug 19, 2001, mystic from Ewing, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:
White flowers in early June start the color show. Reddish-purple leaves turn dark green, then orange, scarlet or purple. Small, glossy red fruits stay on tree into winter, and are preferred by songbirds. Grows to 25'to 30',25' spread.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
Prattville, Alabama Booneville, Arkansas Horseshoe Bend, Arkansas Fairmont, Illinois Machesney Park, Illinois Carmel, Indiana Homecroft, Indiana North Terre Haute, Indiana Barbourville, Kentucky Gobles, Michigan Ypsilanti, Michigan Minneapolis, Minnesota Natchez, Mississippi Joplin, Missouri White House Station, New Jersey West Fulton, New York Haviland, Ohio Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Tulsa, Oklahoma Irmo, South Carolina Lexington, South Carolina Vermillion, South Dakota Houston, Texas Temperanceville, Virginia Millwood, Washington Falling Waters, West Virginia