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PlantFiles: Lilac Tree, Lancepod, Chaperno
Lonchocarpus violaceus

Family: Papilionaceae (pa-pil-ee-uh-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Lonchocarpus (lon-ko-KAR-pus) (Info)
Species: violaceus (vy-oh-LAH-see-us) (Info)

5 members have or want this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Late Summer/Early Fall


Other details:
Flowers are fragrant

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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to view:

By kepij
Thumbnail #1 of Lonchocarpus violaceus by kepij

By kepij
Thumbnail #2 of Lonchocarpus violaceus by kepij

By fauna4flora
Thumbnail #3 of Lonchocarpus violaceus by fauna4flora

By fauna4flora
Thumbnail #4 of Lonchocarpus violaceus by fauna4flora


1 positive
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral hjezek On Oct 24, 2012, hjezek from Merida
Mexico wrote:

This plant is native to the Yucatan (Mexico). It grows perfectly fine on lime stone, hence calcine soil pH appears to be fine.
Flowering usually starts in October.

Positive Tetrazygia On Jul 10, 2008, Tetrazygia from Miami, FL (Zone 10b) wrote:

Such a great, small tree. Mine flower for three weeks around September or October and the bees come like crazy! The pea-like, purple flowers really put on a show. Also, I hear they prefer acidic soil, but mine is in alkaline sandy soil over limestone and still looks great. The only bug problem I ever get with it are the leafminers, but their damage isn't that obvious since the leaflets aren't that big.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Miami, Florida (2 reports)
Naples, Florida
West Palm Beach, Florida
Ahuimanu, Hawaii

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