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PlantFiles: Persian Yellow Rose
Rosa foetida 'Persiana'

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Rosa (RO-zuh) (Info)
Species: foetida (FET-uh-duh) (Info)
Cultivar: Persiana
Registered or introduced: 1837

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3 members have or want this plant for trade.


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
36-48 in. (90-120 cm)
4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

Bloom Color:
Medium yellow (my)
Deep yellow (dy)

Bloom Shape:

Flower Fragrance:
Very Fragrant

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring


Patent Information:

Other Details:
Stems are moderately thorny
Sets hips

Pruning Instructions:
Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Propagation Methods:
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings
From hardwood cuttings
By grafting
By budding

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to view:

By willmetge
Thumbnail #1 of Rosa foetida by willmetge

By willmetge
Thumbnail #2 of Rosa foetida by willmetge

By chicochi3
Thumbnail #3 of Rosa foetida by chicochi3

By chicochi3
Thumbnail #4 of Rosa foetida by chicochi3

By chicochi3
Thumbnail #5 of Rosa foetida by chicochi3


3 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive CarolynWidhalm On May 26, 2013, CarolynWidhalm from Spokane, WA wrote:

I'm a bit confused. I have four different once-blooming roses which I believe are Rosa Foetida. One is the original single yellow, one is the bi-color, one is a bright, deep yellow and doesn't smell very good and the other a bit paler and does smell good. The last two I've always thought were Rosa Foetida Persiana and Harrison's Yellow respectively. All of them, if you rub the leaves, give off a pleasant citrus smell. Any thoughts?

Positive JimL On Jul 29, 2006, JimL from Durango, CO wrote:

After blooming two canes with a different leaf pattern shot up and produced multiple red roses very similar to the description and picture of Doctor Huey. Is Persian yellow a grafted rose? I thought it is a shrub with its own roots.

Positive willmetge On Dec 2, 2005, willmetge from Spokane, WA (Zone 5b) wrote:

This is truely one of the great heirloom roses with the most fantastic and intense fragrance. Unlike newer roses this rose blooms only once a year but is smothered in double and semi-double blossoms for several weeks in late spring/early summer. The intense spicy fragrance lingers well after the petals have fallen. You can smell a large persian rose bush in full bloom from several houses away.

The Persian Rose is very winter hardy and does not die back even in zone 4 (and possible colder). It can become quite large. I've seen bushes 6' tall by 8' wide. Persian roses are very thorny and can be difficult to prune. They are long-lived (50+ years).


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Moscow, Idaho
Reno, Nevada
Tijeras, New Mexico
Sheakleyville, Pennsylvania
Highland, Washington

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