Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium
Geranium maculatum 'Espresso'

Family: Geraniaceae (jer-ay-nee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Geranium (jer-AY-nee-um) (Info)
Species: maculatum (mak-yuh-LAH-tum) (Info)
Cultivar: Espresso

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7 members have or want this plant for trade.

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18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:
Pale Pink

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
This plant is resistant to deer

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

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2 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive coriaceous On Oct 20, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

Like the species, this selection grows and blooms well in woodland shade, at least here in northeastern North America. However, the deep brown-purple foliage color for which this cultivar was selected is deepest in full sun. It fades a bit as the season progresses.

G. maculatum 'Elizabeth Ann' has foliage that's darker and glossier than that of 'Espresso', and its overlapping petals are wider.

Positive Malus2006 On Jun 2, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

I have it in partial shade but had more sun - foliage emerge strongly maroon - even mulitply as it moves through larger plants. Might be more shade tolerant as it is a variety of the native East United States G. maculatum which will blooms in woodland shade.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Brookfield, Connecticut
Chicago, Illinois
Ames, Iowa
Dracut, Massachusetts
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Lansdowne, Pennsylvania
Norristown, Pennsylvania
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
Lexington, Virginia
Kalama, Washington
Welch, West Virginia

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