Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Golden Club, Goldenclub, Neverwet
Orontium aquaticum

Family: Araceae (a-RAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Orontium (oh-RON-tee-um) (Info)
Species: aquaticum (a-KWA-ti-kum) (Info)

6 members have or want this plant for trade.

Ponds and Aquatics

6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Light Shade

Seed is poisonous if ingested
Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer


Other details:
Very high moisture needs; suitable for bogs and water gardens
This plant may be considered a protected species; check before digging or gathering seeds

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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By Floridian
Thumbnail #1 of Orontium aquaticum by Floridian

By Floridian
Thumbnail #2 of Orontium aquaticum by Floridian

By El_Jefe
Thumbnail #3 of Orontium aquaticum by El_Jefe

By mgarr
Thumbnail #4 of Orontium aquaticum by mgarr

By smithrivafriend
Thumbnail #5 of Orontium aquaticum by smithrivafriend

By DaylilySLP
Thumbnail #6 of Orontium aquaticum by DaylilySLP

By DaylilySLP
Thumbnail #7 of Orontium aquaticum by DaylilySLP

There are a total of 9 photos.
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1 positive
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive El_Jefe On Oct 20, 2006, El_Jefe from Miccosukee Cpo, FL wrote:

Golden club spreads vegetatively by underground stems called rhizomes. These rhizomes can be divided in spring for transplanting. Also, the shoots that arise from the rootstock can be separated off and transplanted.
The seeds are said to be easy to germinate in a seed-starting mix under an inch of water. Seed - best sown as soon as ripe in submerged containers in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in trays of water in the cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. The seed develops on the plant underwater in small green/blue berries

The plant is rich in calcium oxylate, this is toxic and if consumed makes the mouth and digestive tract feel as though hundreds of needles are being stuck into it. However, calcium oxylate is easily destroyed by thoroughly cooking or drying the plant.

Edible Uses:
Root - cooked. It must be soaked in cold water for some hours in order to remove an acrid taste. The fresh root contains calcium oxalate and, when eaten raw, will produce an effect on the mouth similar to being pricked with hundreds of small needles. As long as the root is well cooked the calcium oxalate is broken down and the root is perfectly safe to eat. Drying the root also breaks down the calcium oxalate and makes the root safe to eat.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Miccosukee Cpo, Florida
Tallahassee, Florida
Annapolis, Maryland
Lucedale, Mississippi
Martinsville, Virginia

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