Bee Balm, Beebalm, Bergamot, Firecracker Plant, Horsemint, Mountain Mint, Oswego Tea 'Fireball'

Monarda didyma

Family: Lamiaceae (lay-mee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Monarda (mo-NAR-da) (Info)
Species: didyma (DID-ee-muh) (Info)
Cultivar: Fireball
Additional cultivar information:(PP14235)
Hybridized by Oudshoorn
Registered or introduced: 2003




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall




Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From herbaceous stem cuttings

By tip layering

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

North Little Rock, Arkansas

New Castle, Delaware

Jacksonville Beach, Florida

Canton, Georgia

Calvert City, Kentucky

Hebron, Kentucky

Grand Blanc, Michigan

Saint Cloud, Minnesota

Munsonville, New Hampshire

Elephant Butte, New Mexico

Rodeo, New Mexico

Rexford, New York

Sand Springs, Oklahoma

Norristown, Pennsylvania

Knoxville, Tennessee

Spring, Texas

Martinsville, Virginia

Eau Claire, Wisconsin

Marinette, Wisconsin

Pulaski, Wisconsin

Wittenberg, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jul 17, 2012, Crit from Sand Springs (Tulsa), OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

If you have trouble with varmits eating your plants and vegetables, place some human hair around the base of the plant and up the plant, if so preferred. This will keep varmits away as they do not like the smell of humans. Works to keep squirrels from digging up bulbs. Keeps rabbits, squirrels and other varmits from eating plants. Your hairdresser will be happy to save clippings for you, or do what I do and keep a bag under your bathroom counter and put the hair you take out of your brush in there.


On May 19, 2009, kassy_51 from Marinette, WI (Zone 4b) wrote:

Humming Birds love this plant.
And so do rabbits it seems, so it's not an invasive plant if you have rabbits running around. They ate off all of mine last year, and I'm only finding 5 of the plants coming back.