Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Toad Rush
Juncus bufonius

Family: Juncaceae
Genus: Juncus (JUN-kus) (Info)
Species: bufonius ( buf-OH-nee-us) (Info)

Synonym:Juncus bufonius var. bufonius

One member has or wants this plant for trade.


under 6 in. (15 cm)
6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

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Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

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Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer

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Other details:
Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
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Propagation Methods:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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By kennedyh
Thumbnail #1 of Juncus bufonius by kennedyh

By kennedyh
Thumbnail #2 of Juncus bufonius by kennedyh


No positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral natureguyfrog On May 5, 2013, natureguyfrog from San Diego, CA wrote:

Toad Rush is obviously very wide-spread around the world. It is probably one of the most overlooked plants because of its often diminuitive size and short life-span. It is an ANNUAL that frequents areas that are moist to wet for several months then dry for the rest of the year. These would be vernal pools and streams in the wild or muddy flood plains that dry out later on.

In my San Diego garden it has come up here and there but not invasively. It seems to be most frequent where the seed has lain dormant and dry for most of the year followed by sufficient wet. It is not able to compete with other garden plants in areas where plants receive regular water.

Here in southern California natural areas is adapted to winter wet and summer dry.

A similar, perhaps more garden desireable species is the perennial Juncus tenuis which is ideal between stepping stones and compacted soil as long as it does not dry out completely. It is sometimes mistaken for similar plants that are weedy!


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

San Diego, California

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