Columbine, European Columbine, European Crowsfoot, Granny's Bonnets 'Woodside Variegata'

Aquilegia vulgaris

Family: Ranunculaceae (ra-nun-kew-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Aquilegia (a-kwi-LEE-jee-a) (Info)
Species: vulgaris (vul-GAIR-iss) (Info)
Cultivar: Woodside Variegata



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Seed is poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Calistoga, California

Stamford, Connecticut

Chicago, Illinois

Fort Wayne, Indiana

Lansing, Kansas

Bethesda, Maryland

Magna, Utah

Kalama, Washington

Seattle, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Dec 15, 2007, macybee from Deer Park, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Aquilegia vulgaris - Granny's Bonnet, Columbine.
This is the true columbine of Europe, one of the parents of many hybrids. It grows to 3' high with a spread of 18" or more. On long stems from the center of a loose rosette of gray-green foliage, it bears funnel-shaped, short-spurred flowers, typically dull blue in wild plants but ranging through pink, crimson, white and purple in garden varieties. The cultivar 'Nora Barlow' has double flowers of a curious form, with many narrow, greenish sepals and pink petals that lack spurs.
Zones 3-10
Frost hardy, they prefer a well-drained light soil, enriched with manure, and a sunny site protected from strong winds and with some shade in hot areas. In cold climates columbines are perennials and need to be cut ... read more


On Aug 9, 2006, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

Beautiful foliage. Self seeds fairly accurately.

Light aids germination of seeds.

Blooms late May to mid June in my garden.