Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Hellebore, Lenten Rose, Christmas Rose, Black Hellebore
Helleborus niger

Family: Ranunculaceae (ra-nun-kew-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Helleborus (hel-eh-BORE-us) (Info)
Species: niger (NY-ger) (Info)

Synonym:Helleborus niger subsp. niger

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

26 members have or want this plant for trade.

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6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring
Mid Winter


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From herbaceous stem cuttings
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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There are a total of 13 photos.
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2 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive laurawege On Jan 16, 2005, laurawege from Wayland, MA (Zone 6a) wrote:

I love my helleborus! I have the traditional Christmas rose ( niger ) and a few un-named varieties the christmas rose is my favorite , the foliage is more compact and stays neater ,my others get very tattered looking. When I first got it it was not happy where I planted it so I moved it . I must have missed a little piece of root because the next thing I knew there was a little one coming up where I had removed it from. This leads me to beleive thatt hey could be easily divided

Positive ebonschwan On Oct 26, 2004, ebonschwan from Black Mountain, NC wrote:

Growing some 50 plants with some 8 genus in a rocky(scree) area blossoms from jan or feb most years with 20 to 30 blossoms division is very easy and the plants have little or no pests or diseases plus do not need regular fertilizer

Neutral smiln32 On Aug 30, 2002, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

The Christmas Rose is one of the easier garden plants to grow. Its ability to bloom in the coolest months of the year when everything else is frozen solid make them a valuable asset to any garden. This plant produces flowers from late fall up until early spring. It is an evergreen and grows 12 to 15 inches tall. It has shiny, dark green leathery leaves. Each flower stalk bears a single 2 to 4 inch white bloom (sometimes tinged with pink).


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Wilton, California
Clifton, Colorado
New Haven, Connecticut
Mount Prospect, Illinois
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Wayland, Massachusetts
Bayville, New Jersey
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Chesterland, Ohio
Monmouth, Oregon
Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania
Morrisville, Pennsylvania
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
Anacortes, Washington
Stanwood, Washington

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