Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Croton
Codiaeum variegatum 'Gold Dust'

Family: Euphorbiaceae (yoo-for-bee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Codiaeum (koh-dih-EE-um) (Info)
Species: variegatum (var-ee-GAY-tum) (Info)
Cultivar: Gold Dust

One vendor has this plant for sale.

6 members have or want this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade

All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Provides winter interest
Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings

Seed Collecting:
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

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1 positive
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive islandgirl37 On Jul 23, 2011, islandgirl37 from Marathon, FL (Zone 11) wrote:

One of the easiest plants to grow in South Florida. They require water every 2-3 days for the first month or so after planting them, after that, I just leave them alone. I have them in full or partial sun. In deep shade they will lose all variegation. Home Depot always has them and they are 7.99-8.99 for big ones in a 3 gallon pot.

I had a semi circle hedge with these, planted around 2 Buccaneer Palms 10' from the open Atlantic Ocean. They can take salt air, salt spay and even some salt water violation of their roots. At one time during a little tropical storm, at high tide and with a South wind, their roots were under salt water for about an hour. They looked horrible, all the leaves fell off, I cut them back, flushed the soil and within 1-2 weeks leaves sprouting all over the place. 2 of them, that were in the front got more sun, struggled. I removed those and planted 2 new ones and put the struggles back in some dense shade. They came back, they are still there. I cut them back a little each year. I really don't want them but I feel they made it, I have to keep them.

I eventually removed them simply because they were getting too large and I need more room for my dogs to be able to run and play. The dogs missed them at first, they were their favorite shady bushes to lay under.

I also have 2 in 2 big pots on my ocean side patio. They get no direct sun in the summer, very bright light, Southern exposure, no sun. They maintain the gold dust. Once in a while I sit them in full sun for a few days to really bring out the yellow. In the winter months I remove them and plant Sun Impatiens and each May the Sun Impatiens begin to look really ragged so I toss them and replant the Crotons in the pots. I winter them in 5 gallon pots in full sun.

You just cannot beat them for summer ocean side color without a lot of water..... They can go for weeks without water and not wilt.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Big Pine Key, Florida
Jacksonville, Florida
Lecanto, Florida
Marathon, Florida
Minneola, Florida
Orlando, Florida
Ormond Beach, Florida

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