Hardiness: USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F) USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F) USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F) USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F) USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade Light Shade Partial to Full Shade
Bloom Color: Blue-Violet Violet/Lavender Purple White/Near White
Bloom Time: Late Winter/Early Spring Mid Spring Late Spring/Early Summer
Foliage: Blue-Green Smooth-Textured
Other details: May be a noxious weed or invasive Flowers are fragrant Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season
Soil pH requirements: 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
Patent Information: Non-patented
Propagation Methods: By dividing the rootball From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse From seed; stratify if sowing indoors From seed; direct sow after last frost
Seed Collecting: Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
On Apr 9, 2013, onmyknees2 from Westland, MI (Zone 5a) wrote:
reading all the comments about this violet I am wondering if we are talking about the same plant. The scent this early in the year (mine have been blooming since February against the house on the south side, Detroit area) is so uplifting. Take only 6 blossoms into the house and the room smells just lovely. These violets reseed themselves but can be easily removed where not wanted. The plants multiply in clumps in my garden but I noticed a clump in my neighbor's lawn, so I went and removed it. I have also the violets that bloom much later and are much taller but they have no scent. I agree, they are invasive and hard to control.
On Jul 28, 2010, PinBox from Boise, ID (Zone 6b) wrote:
I must first say that I am a very responsible gardener and absolutely do not allow any noxious weeds to live in my yard.
I, too, have very prolific violets. I have a different take on them than most of the other posters here, however. As my yard has evolved, I have come to the conclusion that it is much nicer to let the plants that do well survive, instead of trying to force my yard to be something it is not. I originally planted my violets off to the side of my thyme walkway. Over time they have crept into the thyme and between the flagstones.
They have also migrated a bit toward my grass, but so what? They are beautiful and clearly survive well in my high desert climate. (I dare say they look nicer than parched grass which has gone dormant as peak summer heat encroaches). I also like the fact that they (and many, many other flowers which might be too prolific for some gardeners, such as echinacea, hollyhocks, lupines, monarda), provide a vital sanctuary to the bees and other beneficial insects and birds.
I am saddened and concerned by the loss of the bees and other valuable insects and seldom use herbicides and never use pesticides. I keep my weeds in check with several inches of wood chips and never harm my healthy little ecosystem that is so vital for the bees, butterflies, ladybugs and wasps, to name a few.
And one part of my healthy ecosystem is my violets.
On Apr 4, 2009, JuniorMintKiss from Tremonton, UT (Zone 6a) wrote:
Pros: Fast growing ground cover, grows in shade or sun, herbal/medicinal usages, pretty flowers.
Cons: Invasive, hard to control once established.
I decided to give this flower a neutral rating because, while I have useful areas at my home where I don't mind it growing and spreading, it's invasive for the most part. It is taking over my lawn by steady degrees and I've tried to get a handle on them, but to no avail. I may have to resort to killing parts of my lawn just to get them under control, which I really don't want to do. Either that, or I spend a considerable amount of time painting each cluster with round-up, using a foam brush.
So if you are considering this plant, isolate it to a planter or flower pot.
On Apr 20, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:
To me it is noxious - it seem to prefer lawns better than gardens - they will sometimes cross with the white form - Alba and products flowers of different shades but more commonly with purple throats. A weed - will grow sun, shade, even dry shade, lawn, etc - only rabbits will eat them but not enough to kill them. Will seed heavily and can be a pain to pull from clay soil.
On Jan 21, 2007, prometeo21 from Mayaguez, PR (Zone 11) wrote:
I received a Heirloom variety small plant from a 50+ years old garden from a Professor at my University. They are really adapted to my tropical garden in Mayaguez Puerto Rico and growing really fast. I use Fish Emulsion 5-2-2 to fertilize it every 2 or 3 weeks and the plant love it. Its a very beatiful and medicinal plant that has to be in every herbalist garden.
I've never had trouble keeping my violets in bounds. I have them planted in clumps around the edge of a flowerbed, and every spring I yank out a handful of each clump where it's moving too far into the bed. Done, no hassle at all. I allow them to spread closer and closer towards each other to fill in.
They do seed prolifically but over a good woodchip mulch they don't stand a chance.
I love their beautiful purple color first thing in the spring, and I love their attractive foliage that lasts all summer and, in my zone, all winter too. They make the most charming tiny bouquets in tiny bud vases and I'm under the impression that at one time they were a popular hothouse cutflower.
On Jan 5, 2006, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:
I saw these small but pretty flowers growing all in the ditch near my mailbox and thought they looked sort of like my Johnny jump-ups and so assumed they were a violet.
Like an idiot I dug up a clump and put it in a bed in my backyard.
Extremely invasive and almost impossible to get rid of. This year I haven't even tried to dig out as I've had so many failures in the past with eradicating it. This is also the first year that the little violet flowers have made an appearance. I noticed this not just with mine but in other gardens and sidewalk cracks! We've had a warm to cool spring so far (a few days in the 80's as well).
On Jan 5, 2005, CaptMicha from Brookeville, MD (Zone 7a) wrote:
Sweet violet is an attractive little plant with some uses. The flowers can be candied and eaten, or used in cooking or salads. (I have a recipe for the candied flowers if anyone would like it.) The plant serves as a host plant to some of the fritt. butterflies and many moths.
While attractive and pleasant growing in the lawn or woods, it can be a nuisance in flower beds. Although easy to pull out, this plant makes alot of seed and they sprout any where they land. I've found this year that they break off at the ground when I trie pulling them up. The best way for removal is weed killer or a hand weeder. I use the one that has a long shaft with a peice of metal extended to provide leverage and a fork at the end.
Flowers can be inconspicous because they are capable of growing right at the crown of the plant and thus are hidden.
On May 4, 2004, gabriell from Tyler, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:
A friend gave me a start of violets several years ago.She told me that someday I would not thank her for this addition to my garden because they are so invasive.I am still greatful but now have hundreds of plants everywhere.Even between the bricks in my patio!The gardener who can't grow violets really has a brown thumb.
At my home in Seattle, Washington, this plant has become invasive--taking over a quarter of my strawberry bed and showing up in other nearby parts of the garden. It looks and smells lovely in flower, but I intend to dig it all up! It will be a challenge to eradicate, however, as it sets copious seed, spreads by short runners, and resprouts.
Widely naturalised but originating in Western Europe. Small, spreading (by rooting stolons) plant with rounded/heart shaped, slightly hairy, toothed mid-dark green leaves and small flowers which are dark - purpleish blue and sweetly scented. White flowers occur also but produces non rooting stolon. Self seeds everywhere.
Excellent wild/woodland garden plant with several herbal uses. Flowers in December through to April here in Southern England.
Several cultivars are available.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
, Tuscaloosa, Alabama Wetumpka, Alabama Phoenix, Arizona Huntington, Arkansas Chico, California Merced, California North Fork, California Novato, California Yucca Valley, California Old Lyme, Connecticut Brandon, Florida Inverness, Florida Margate, Florida Niceville, Florida Braselton, Georgia Brunswick, Georgia Boise, Idaho Pleasantville, Iowa Barbourville, Kentucky Brookeville, Maryland Ann Arbor, Michigan Westland, Michigan Minneapolis, Minnesota Waynesboro, Mississippi Ramblewood, New Jersey Corrales, New Mexico , New York Cleveland, Ohio Columbus, Ohio Enid, Oklahoma Midwest City, Oklahoma Gold Hill, Oregon Salem, Oregon Mayaguez, Puerto Rico West Warwick, Rhode Island Arcadia Lakes, South Carolina Viola, Tennessee Eagle Mountain, Texas Garland, Texas Roman Forest, Texas San Antonio, Texas Spring, Texas Tyler, Texas Elwood, Utah Bellevue, Washington Seattle, Washington Spokane, Washington Tacoma, Washington