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PlantFiles: Spring gentian
Gentiana verna

Family: Gentianaceae (jen-shun-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Gentiana (jen-shee-AN-uh) (Info)
Species: verna (VER-nuh) (Info)

8 members have or want this plant for trade.

Alpines and Rock Gardens

under 6 in. (15 cm)

3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Medium Blue

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From herbaceous stem cuttings
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

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Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral Baa On Aug 30, 2001, Baa wrote:

Small plant from the mountanous regions of Europe, spanning from Ireland to Russia. Has basal rosettes of ovate leaves. Bears solitary bright blue flowers almost 1 inch across. Corolla tube is green-blue with 5 white lines going down the tube.

Flowers anywhere between March-August and often found on lime rich soils.

Avoid winter wet.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

East Haddam, Connecticut
Mount Prospect, Illinois
Lake Park, Minnesota

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