Toadflax, Baby Snapdragon 'Northern Lights'

Linaria maroccana

Family: Plantaginaceae
Genus: Linaria (lin-AR-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: maroccana (mar-oh-KAN-uh) (Info)
Cultivar: Northern Lights



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)


6-9 in. (15-22 cm)


Not Applicable

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Bloom Color:



Bright Yellow



White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Sitka, Alaska

Chandler, Arizona

Mesa, Arizona

Sonoita, Arizona

Yuma, Arizona

El Sobrante, California

Lake Forest, California

Merced, California

Geneseo, New York

Moyock, North Carolina

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Cedar Creek, Texas

College Station, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Groves, Texas

Salt Lake City, Utah

Leesburg, Virginia

Kalama, Washington

Sammamish, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 25, 2009, Sitkagardener from Sitka, AK wrote:

These put on an amazing show in my raised beds. I surface sowed them after everything else was planted, they had a lot of water and filled in the beds with beautiful color. Next year...many more.


On Jun 2, 2009, 4310 from College Station, TX wrote:

I live in Texas, zone 9, and dearly love this plant-------but have learned from experience as well as advice from the Horticulture Dept. of Texas A&M that it DOES NOT freeze in a temperate zone such as this. In fact, if you wait till spring to plant the seeds as I did once, you will be disappointed with the results. I learned the hard way! START THEM IN LATE FALL! and then follow the directions about thinning them given above by someone from California. ENJOY!


On May 16, 2007, ladyannne from Merced, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

Fairy dust at its best. We scattered hundreds of seeds in a sunny area and ended up with a feast for the eyes.


On Jun 22, 2006, croclover from Lake Forest, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

Sown in Late Jan., will produce profuse carpet of multiple blooms on thin1 ft stalk by mid April in zone 10a. Likes moderate water from ground level. Sow seed sparingly or will choke out other seedlings. Once seedlings have at least one set of leaves, may be easily transplanted in clumps, then thinned once they have reached 3 in. Susceptable to aphids just before bloom. Seed pods are easy to collect and store.


On Nov 12, 2003, noxiousweed from El Sobrante, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

I love to keep linaria in a window box along my walkway - because the details of them are so fine. En masse or just a handful, they are consistent bloomers for me, low maintenance, and a joy to have in the garden.


On Mar 9, 2001, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

One of the best annuals available for adding delightful jewel-like color to seeded meadows. Bright pink, red, yellow, and purple bi-colored blooms along upright stems make a meadow shimmer with color. Always a favorite with children. Will re-seed if not deadheaded.