Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Arrowleaf Clover
Trifolium vesiculosum

Family: Papilionaceae (pa-pil-ee-uh-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Trifolium (try-FOH-lee-um) (Info)
Species: vesiculosum


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

Not Applicable

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun


Bloom Color:
Magenta (Pink-Purple)

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
Direct sow as soon as the ground can be worked

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


No positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral Farmerdill On Nov 20, 2006, Farmerdill from Augusta, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

A winter annual, Arrowleaf is finding increasing use as a naturally reseeding, long-season forage legume in southeastern states. It is successfully grown from eastern Texas to South Carolina, from Tennessee to the Gulf of Mexico, and in western Oregon. It thrives on sandy and clay soils but is less tolerant of acid soils and low fertility than Crimson Clover. Arrowleaf does not tolerate alkaline soils or poor drainage. Best soil to plant it in is fertile uplands and river bottom soils. Arrowleaf productive season is 6-8 weeks longer than Crimson. Has a high forage yield and a lower incidence of bloat. A high percentage of hard seed leads to considerable volunteering in succeeding years. The flower head is initially white, later turning pink to purple. The leaves are trifoliate, bearing a distinct white V-mark which resembles an arrowhead. Gardeners and dry flower growers will find that this clover has excellent flowering characteristics.

Neutral frostweed On Nov 17, 2006, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Arrowleaf Clover, Trifolium vesiculosum, is naturalized in Texas and other States.

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