Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: American Holly
Ilex opaca 'Chief Paduke'

Family: Aquifoliaceae (a-kwee-foh-lee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Ilex (EYE-leks) (Info)
Species: opaca (oh-PAK-uh) (Info)
Cultivar: Chief Paduke

One member has or wants this plant for trade.


20-30 ft. (6-9 m)
30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)
20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
This plant is resistant to deer
Provides winter interest

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From hardwood cuttings
From hardwood heel cuttings

Seed Collecting:
Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

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1 positive
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral DaylilySLP On Feb 26, 2012, DaylilySLP from Dearborn Heights, MI (Zone 6a) wrote:

Ilex opaca 'Chief Paduke
The plant was found growing in a old cemetery at Paducah, Kentucky by Bon Hartline.

Positive parklnursery On Sep 21, 2011, parklnursery from Beaverdam, VA wrote:

'Chief Paduke' is a very drought tolerant and an exceptionally beautiful cultivar. A large tree is growing at Tanglewood Arboretum or the more recently named J. Nicholene Bishop Biological Station, near Akron, Alabama. Other Ilex opaca cultivars growing there were planted by the late George Wood in the 1980's. The more recent native Ilex cultivars were planted in 2008 by Parker L. Little. 'Chief Paduke' is also growing at an old Ilex garden just west of Christiansburg, Virginia and also at Piping Tree Gardens & Nursery near Scotchtown, Beaverdam, Virginia.
It propagates very easily from hardwood cuttings taken in early autumn.

Neutral claypa On Jan 30, 2007, claypa from West Pottsgrove, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

In spite of its name, Chief Paduke is a female tree. Beautiful, dense pyramidal form and plentiful red berries in late fall / early winter


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Akron, Alabama
Terre Haute, Indiana
Clermont, Kentucky
Georgetown, Kentucky
Louisville, Kentucky
Beaverdam, Virginia
Christiansburg, Virginia

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