Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Florida Anise, Red Magnolia
Illicium floridanum

Family: Illiciaceae
Genus: Illicium (il-LISS-ee-um) (Info)
Species: floridanum (flor-ih-DAY-num) (Info)

5 vendors have this plant for sale.

19 members have or want this plant for trade.

View this plant in a garden


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Partial to Full Shade

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Maroon (Purple-Brown)

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings
Flowers are fragrant

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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By weeding
Thumbnail #1 of Illicium floridanum by weeding

By weeding
Thumbnail #2 of Illicium floridanum by weeding

By dwarfconifer
Thumbnail #3 of Illicium floridanum by dwarfconifer

By Kell
Thumbnail #4 of Illicium floridanum by Kell

By Kell
Thumbnail #5 of Illicium floridanum by Kell

By passiflora_pink
Thumbnail #6 of Illicium floridanum by passiflora_pink

By Hemental
Thumbnail #7 of Illicium floridanum by Hemental

There are a total of 14 photos.
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4 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive longjonsilverz On May 20, 2014, longjonsilverz from Centreville, MD wrote:

This plant thrives here in Eastern Maryland. Apart from the strange smell of the flowers, these are an excellent choice for landscape. 2013/14 was one of the coldest winters in many years for this area and my Florida Anise's showed no cold damage at all. Temperatures were close to 0F during many nights and wind chills as low as -30F. These are much hardier than my Yellow Anise trees (Illicium parviflorum) which mostly defoliated by the end of winter, but recovered in spring.

The red flowers are a nice contrast to the dark green leaves when grown in the shade. There is a hybrid called "woodland ruby" which is apparently crossed with the similar Mexican Anise which has extended flowering time and larger, brighter red flowers. It did nearly as good with the 13'/14' winter with only minimal foliage damage.

Florida Anise is very low maintenance and can tolerate a variety of conditions once established. It prefers shade but can be adapted to sun. (looks better in the shade though)

*Leaves are toxic if eaten

Positive Ronnie_Irby On Aug 31, 2012, Ronnie_Irby from Meridian, MS wrote:

This tree grows naturally on my property located near Energy, Mississippi along a creek known as Irby Mill Creek in Clarke County. The information on this plant/tree that I have read is incomplete as the references all seem to state the maximum tree height is about 25 feet. Not true, for there are many trees in the very large "grove" on Irby Mill Creek that far exceed 50 feet tall. These mother plants sprout trees from the roots as one means of propagation, and also seedlings sprout from seeds. There are thousands of these sprouts/trees along the creek, and they are everywhere on the 5+ acre portion of my property through the creek flows, growing at a sea-level elevation of 300- 400 ft.

Who wants to buy them?

Positive Centaurea On Nov 3, 2010, Centaurea from Almere
Netherlands (Zone 8b) wrote:

Has survived 2 winters here in Roanoke, VA, zone 6b/7a (including "Snowmageddon") against a south-facing retaining wall in part-shade under an azalea perched atop the wall (mid-day shade) with no protection other than mulch. Very pretty little shrub.

Positive psychloman On Aug 4, 2004, psychloman from Brooklyn, NY (Zone 7a) wrote:

This is probably the most perfect, elegant shrub I own. I've had it for about five years now and every April it's hung with little red star shaped flowers. The growth habit is globe shaped but not dense. This shrub has perfect poise. I garden in Brooklyn, new York.

Neutral Terry On Aug 31, 2001, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

Anise Trees are a little-known group of evergreen shrubs and trees. Their thick, glossy foliage emits an anise-scent when bruised.

I. flordanum is native to Florida and Louisiana; its maroon flowers are heavily scented, and most find it unpleasant.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Chunchula, Alabama
Pelham, Alabama
Spanish Fort, Alabama
Stockton, Alabama
Auburndale, Florida
Bartow, Florida
Brooksville, Florida
Green Cove Springs, Florida
Navarre, Florida
Oldsmar, Florida
Pensacola, Florida
Quincy, Florida
Atlanta, Georgia (2 reports)
Decatur, Georgia
New Orleans, Louisiana
Thibodaux, Louisiana
Centreville, Maryland
Brooklyn, Mississippi
Carriere, Mississippi
Meridian, Mississippi
Saucier, Mississippi
Waynesboro, Mississippi
Brooklyn, New York
Oyster Bay, New York
Portland, Oregon
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
Conway, South Carolina
Sumter, South Carolina
West Columbia, South Carolina
Houston, Texas
Roanoke, Virginia

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