Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Red Bird of Paradise, Dwarf Poinciana, Pride of Barbados, Peacock Flower, flamboyan-de-jardin, pink
Caesalpinia pulcherrima 'Compton'

Family: Caesalpiniaceae (ses-al-pin-ee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Caesalpinia (ses-al-PIN-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: pulcherrima (pul-KAIR-ih-muh) (Info)
Cultivar: Compton

36 members have or want this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)
8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)
8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Seed is poisonous if ingested
Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:
Pale Yellow
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:
Late Summer/Early Fall
Mid Fall
Blooms all year


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From woody stem cuttings
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

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4 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive nolainbloom On Oct 21, 2009, nolainbloom from New Orleans, LA wrote:

I have this plant and grew mine from seed. Let's just say the seeds were acquired abroad (South America). I couldn't help myself! Anyway, the largest of my young plants is currently in bloom. From my experince, it takes two years from seedling to bloom.

I do have additional seeds to share with anyone who would like this beauty in their garden.

Positive fullsun007 On Jul 25, 2009, fullsun007 from Gainesville, FL wrote:

This plant is currently not readily available from garden centers in my area (Gainesville, Florida, zone 8B). I started my plants from seeds which I ordered online. This plants likes as much full sun as they can get, and once established is very xerophytic, surviving only on rain water alone. Mine get 6-8 feet tall and have many feather leaves and the flower stalks are covered in those really nice blooms from September until the first frost, which knocks it back to the ground. It maybe mid to late April before any new growth is seen and each year it gets a little bushier. In more frost free climates it may be considered somewhat invasive, but in north Florida it usually gets killed back to the ground before the seeds become ripe and viable, but is not difficult to simply remove the seed pods once they form. The stems are covered with thorns so maybe something to be mindful off. This is a plant well worth trying in zone 8 to provide a tropical look, sure to turn heads.

Positive nalin1 On Jun 2, 2009, nalin1 from New Delhi
India (Zone 10a) wrote:

Very attractive and hardy shrub in zone 10a. Locally known as the 'dwarf gulmohar (delonix regia)'. The flowers are very similar in appearance to the royal poinciana. Does well in sun as well as partial shade to deep shade. I have a little forest of the pink variety planted in a mostly shady place over a septic tank where the earth covering the septic tank area is about 3 to 4 feet deep only.

Under these conditions the dwarf poincianas reached a height of 12 feet. Pruned them down to 6-7 feet height after the cool flowering season without a problem. Flowers throughout the year except the hot summers.

The pink variety is unusual here. Mostly this poinciana is seen here as red, reddish-orange or yellow touched with red. All varieties of the blooms are pretty and a good substitute for the Royal Poinciana (delonix r.) in smaller gardens, but a group of the pink flowering variety look absolutely striking. Pruning it carefully for shape makes it look more tree-like and interesting.

Positive SW_gardener On Mar 7, 2008, SW_gardener from (Zone 6a) wrote:

I've heard this makes a good houseplant flowering at a young age. I currently live in zone 6 so I'll have to bring this in during the winter. So far my seedlings are doing well(see my picture in the PlantFiles)! The little leaflets fold down at night


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Aguila, Arizona
Mesa, Arizona
Brentwood, California
Palm Desert, California
Reseda, California
Santa Clarita, California
Big Pine Key, Florida
Boca Raton, Florida
Cape Coral, Florida
Gainesville, Florida
Keystone Heights, Florida
New Port Richey, Florida
Sarasota, Florida
Tampa, Florida
Albany, Georgia
New Orleans, Louisiana
Bluffton, South Carolina
Conway, South Carolina
Hilton Head Island, South Carolina
Lexington, South Carolina
Austin, Texas (2 reports)

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