Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Spotted Trillium
Trillium maculatum

Family: Trilliaceae
Genus: Trillium (TRIL-ee-um) (Info)
Species: maculatum (mak-yuh-LAH-tum) (Info)

One vendor has this plant for sale.

9 members have or want this plant for trade.


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9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

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Sun Exposure:
Partial to Full Shade

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Bloom Color:
Maroon (Purple-Brown)

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring


Other details:
Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:
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2 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive sueroderus On Feb 4, 2013, sueroderus from Bluffton, SC wrote:

I too live near Spring Island, SC and bought this plant at their native plant sale. The leaves disappear in the summer so I was thrilled when it came up this year. With our mild winter it was blooming in January. The deer left it alone for many weeks, but finally decided to try it. They did leave some leaves on my one plant. I am going to add more in the hopes that it will be at least somewhat deer resistant. The foliage is beautiful and it makes a great ground cover in the late winter and early spring. I am growing it in zone 8b.

Positive WesGrady On Apr 18, 2010, WesGrady from Hilton Head Island, SC wrote:

There is a large area of wild Spotted Trillium on Spring Island, SC. They grow prolifically, due to the presence of significant calcium in the soil, mostly from old shells.

Neutral macybee On Nov 23, 2007, macybee from Deer Park, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Is another special sessile species which grows over a wide range across central Alabama, Georgia and S Carolina. The 'maculatum' refers to the leaves which can be strongly and darkly mottled. The flowers are usually relatively tall and a very clear red-maroon, lacking the brown overtones that flowers of many sessile species can have.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anniston, Alabama
Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Tallahassee, Florida
Cleveland, Ohio
Okatie, South Carolina (2 reports)
Crossville, Tennessee

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