Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Goat's Beard
Aruncus dioicus

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Aruncus (arun-kus) (Info)
Species: dioicus (dy-oh-EE-kus) (Info)

Synonym:Aruncus sylvester
Synonym:Spiraea aruncus
Synonym:Spiraea paniculata

8 vendors have this plant for sale.

31 members have or want this plant for trade.

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4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:
Partial to Full Shade

Seed is poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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There are a total of 28 photos.
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5 positives
5 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Rickwebb On Feb 13, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

One of my favorite perennials for part shade or full light shade and a moist soil; though they can grow in full sun with moist soil. Handsome foliage and plumes and it does not need staking. Wonderful native plant to the woodland edges of eastern North America. The species is dioecious, so it has separate male and female plants. The male has slightly showier flower clusters, but in the trade they are usually not separated. Some are sold at most larger garden centers that have a good offering of perennials or at native plant nurseries. Too bad it is not found in so many yards as Daylily, Bearded Iris, or Peony.

Positive norbowen On Aug 4, 2010, norbowen from Cornwall On Hudson, NY wrote:

bought two this year (2010) and they have done well by my back fence that gets shade most of the day. The "bugs" are feasting on the leaves and the deer have left them alone.

Positive stormyla On Jan 3, 2010, stormyla from Norristown, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

This is one plant whose blooms I really look forward to each year. It's lovely white delicate blooms really brighten up the darkest spot in my shady bed. It seems to tolerate dry spells very well. This plant prospers in an area where it is tough to grow much of anything else.

Neutral Patrick_F On Apr 30, 2006, Patrick_F from Jalhay
Belgium (Zone 7a) wrote:

Also known as Aruncus asiaticus, Aruncus barba-caprae, Aruncus capribarba, Aruncus silvester, Aruncus silvestris, Aruncus sylvester, Aruncus sylvestris, Aruncus vulgaris

Positive joicie On Feb 20, 2006, joicie from minneapolis, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

I grew 2 aruncus in full sun.They were not happy. Moved to a dappled shade area under a climbing rose & trumpet vines(lots of root competition) They did great. Did not require extra water. Showy flowers in early summer foilage stays fresh & green through season. If you have large bare spots in semi shaded area these plants work really well. Also they don't mind being moved

Neutral JodyC On Jan 20, 2005, JodyC from Palmyra, IL (Zone 5b) wrote:

Cherokee Indians;polticed root for bee stings
Tea used to bath swollen feet

Positive Weezingreens On Jan 26, 2003, Weezingreens from Seward, AK (Zone 3b) wrote:

Goat's Beard grows all over South-central Alaska, along roadsides and woodland openings. It prefers moist areas, but seems to grow on raised embankments, as well. This plant is well-suited to the edge of a yard that is partially shaded, and has the advantage of growing quite tall in the summer, then dying back to the ground in the winter.

Goat's Beard self-seeds here, but is not always easy to germinate in cultivation. Cold/moist stratification, as it would receive in the wild, may be necessary. However, Goat's Beard transplants quite well and adapts well to cultivation.

Neutral smiln32 On Aug 1, 2002, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Goat's Beard can be stunning in its late Spring and early Summer bloom, resembling a cream-colored large Astilbe.

Neutral lantana On Jan 4, 2001, lantana from (Zone 7a) wrote:

Grows in Heat Zones 10-1.

Neutral jody On Nov 4, 2000, jody from MD &, VA (Zone 7b) wrote:

There are only three species in this genus. Aruncus dioicus is also known as Aruncus sylvestris. Best cultivated in moist, rich soil, part sun/part shade. Good for around ponds or streams but happy in any moist soil. Grows to 6' tall and 4' wide. Gets flower 'spikes' that resemble Astilbe flowers but larger, they are usually cream color. Blooms in summer. Clump forming woodland plant. Propagate by division or seed. Hardy zones 3-9

Goatsbeard has 6-10" plumes of very small cream colored flowers. After flowers fade, the tall mounds of compound leaves provide a great background for later blooming plants. Native to deciduous woodlands of eastern and central US and also western Europe. Dwarf varieties are often mistaken for astilbe. The leaves are pinnately compound, bearing 20 or more 1" to 2 1/2" dark green doubly toothed oval leaflets.
Provide generous amounts of organic matter. These will withstand full sun in cool climates, if given steady moisture. They should be planted 4' from all other plants and 4-5' apart from each other.
'Kneiffii' grows about 3' high and has finely divided foliage.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Cottondale, Alabama
Juneau, Alaska
Denver, Colorado
Centerbrook, Connecticut
Decatur, Georgia
Homewood, Illinois
Mount Prospect, Illinois
Naperville, Illinois
Plainfield, Illinois
Greenville, Indiana
North Manchester, Indiana
Bloomfield, Iowa
Davenport, Iowa
Bedford, Massachusetts
Hinsdale, Massachusetts
Townsend, Massachusetts
Alpena, Michigan
Marquette, Michigan
Novi, Michigan
Royal Oak, Michigan
Hopkins, Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Piedmont, Missouri
Norfolk, Nebraska
Munsonville, New Hampshire
Buffalo, New York
Clinton, New York
Cornwall On Hudson, New York
Hillsdale, New York
Hilton, New York
Jefferson, New York
Penn Yan, New York
Pittsford, New York
Van Etten, New York
Boone, North Carolina
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Sylva, North Carolina
Coshocton, Ohio
Geneva, Ohio
Kent, Ohio
Portland, Oregon
Salem, Oregon
Tillamook, Oregon
Norristown, Pennsylvania
Quakertown, Pennsylvania
Tionesta, Pennsylvania
West Chester, Pennsylvania
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
Rock Hill, South Carolina
Chattanooga, Tennessee
Dickson, Tennessee
Leesburg, Virginia
Lexington, Virginia
Kalama, Washington
Seattle, Washington
Madison, Wisconsin
Racine, Wisconsin
Spooner, Wisconsin
Stoughton, Wisconsin

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